2.7.3. Cultural and language differences 18.104.22.168. Cultural differences Culture may be defined as the beliefs, value, and behavior and material objects shared by particular people. Macionis saied that ; Sociologists distinguish between non- material culture, which means the intangible, creation of human society such as ideas and beliefs. Material culture, the tangible product of human society that is concrete expression of ideas and beliefs.
It is through culture that people are defined, and share particular value systems. “Culture consists of patterns, explicit and implicit, of and for behaviour, acquired and transmitted by symbols, constituting the distinctive achievement of human groups, including their embodiments in artifacts; the essential core of culture consists of traditional (i.e. historically derived and selected) ideas and especially their attached values; culture systems may, on the one hand, be considered as products of action, on the other as conditioning elements of further action. (1993, p. 36&37) Culture and society are closely related, society consists of people belonging to a particular culture which have a set of universal signs. Language, ideology, cultural products, institutions and organisations make up systemic parts of our culture For example art and classical music is representative of high culture it is through these cultural signifiers that individuals create meaning from their existence.
Culture is the way that people and different groups can define themselves in material and non-material ways. The book states that culture is “The language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even material things that are passed from one generation to the next. () People define culture in different ways. An culture identifying its ideas is the values. Values are aims and the general standard for assessing what is desirable and undesirable.
In general, ethnocentrism has been described as an individual psychological disposition which has both positive and negative outcomes. On the one hand, ethnocentrism serves as an antecedent towards “willingness to sacrifice for one’s central group” and help in constructing and maintaining one’s cultural identity. On the other hand, ethnocentrism leads to misunderstanding, viewing their cultural way of living as “natural” and what is going on in other cultures as
Before going deeper, the definitions of both shared and personal knowledge must be addressed. In the context of this essay, shared knowledge is defined as socio-cultural knowledge; based upon a set of norms, values and cultural morals. According to the IB TOK syllabus, “While individuals contribute to it, shared knowledge does not depend only upon the contributions of a particular individual—there are possibilities for others to check and amend individual contributions and add to the body of knowledge that already exists.” Shared knowledge is shaped by ways of knowing including frames and filters, language, and logic and reasoning. Personal knowledge, however, is defined as knowledge of circumstance or fact, gained directly through first-hand experience or observation. Personal knowledge is sometimes called
Things that are shaped are basically emotions, believes, experiences, our own language, memory, values, behavior, perspective, faith. Taking this in consideration my Knowledge Question is “How does the groups we belong to change our perspective” The Areas of knowledge that I preferred to go in depth to answer this question are Natural Science and Visual Arts. My main stand is that the group we belong to shapes our how we see things around it . The ways we see things or the world is strongly influenced by the culture/ type of group we are grow up in or are in, “and is also likely to determine our intellectual setting”. (Lagemaat).
Identity struggles are considered to be more social than individualistic, because identifying one’s self ultimately reflects their own history, culture and tradition, and projects their community to the outer world. Sense of one’s own land, being an individual as well as a member of the tribe at the same time, the communal discriminations and the portrayal of the white culture are the essential factors which determine a person’s self-identity. As different social interactions can alter self identities, individual perception of themselves change the social interactions. This is the goal of Stryker’s theory of structural symbolic interactionism. There are two focal points in this theory; the first one posits the self in an interacting social space and the space becomes a reason for the individual’s behaviour towards the society; whereas the latter one is where the individual’s internal thought processes affect the
There are; cognitive constraints, behavior constraints and emotional constraints Cognitive constraint: Cognitive constraints are the way people view the world based on their culture. For example, people in the United States might be inclined to feel superior to many cultures because of the power and prevalence of U.S. culture. This can cause people to become angry. However, cognitive constraints can also be based on religion, the areas you were born, the school you went to, Mainly, cognitive constraints are created by the way people 's minds give meaning to the world around themselves based on the knowledge and perceptions they have obtained, but they are different from culture to culture. ( Eric, Behavior constraint Each culture has its own rules about proper behavior which affect verbal and nonverbal communication.
Communication and culture, while two different concepts, interweave with one another. To study communication, one should study different cultures. On the other hand, if one would study culture, studying how a certain society communicates with one another would shed some light into their customs and traditions. With this, culture can be used as determinants of how people communicate. In short, culture is communication in the form of symbols and language.
Culture is a set of shared values that a group of people hold. Values can affect how you judge others, as well as how you think. Cultural meanings point out some behaviors as right or wrong, normal or strange. Every culture has a set of rules that their citizens follow. Most of us are aware of our own biases since we have inherit these since we were young.