situation ● Metaphors and implicit messages are frequently used ● Acceptance of failure is high ● Reactions are mostly reserved and inward ● Bonds between the community are strong (Hall, 1976 in Müller, 2013, p. 25) Outcome: Following these points it can be inferred that the Chinese culture is a high-context culture. Conclusion doing business in China and other high-context cultures: “Doing business in a high-context culture more emphasis
1983). Undoubtedly, it is widely acknowledged that people across the globe communicate in different ways. The variance in communication is a result of cultural differences. Hall (1976) suggested cultures can be characterized as high context (HC) and low context (LC) cultures in order to know their differences in communication style and cultural issues. In HC communication, the significance of the message is implanted in context and is implied rather than obvious. According to Hall (1983), the context
During the first stage, defined as curiosity, a foreign visitor and the cultural differences are enthusiastically perceived by the members of the host culture. At an advanced point in time, when the individual participates and attempts to operate in the other culture a second stage commences: ethnocentrism. The nationals will criticize the visitor by the means of their cultural standards. Thus, the own cultural standards often represent the upper end of the development scale and the unknown with
a new relevant strategies will be propose for Lenovo Limited to attain competitive advantage. 1.1 Company background Lenovo Group Limited is one the famous multinational technology company that originated from China and the headquarters of Lenovo is also situated at the Beijing, China. Lenovo was establish in 1988 and became the China’s largest PC Company in 1996 by engaging primarily in the sale and manufacturing of personal computers, mobile telephone handsets, computer servers and printers.
of Cross Cultural Skills in Tourism ___________________________________ By Anjul Mishra 2014B3A8660P ABSTRACT In the recent decade, tourism has experienced a steady growth and a lot diversification. As more and more people start travelling to different countries, it becomes more and more important to have a knowledge about Cross cultural communication. This paper aims at analyzing the major aspects of Cross cultural studies involved in the tourism industry. INTRODUCTION The cultural background
How dehumanizing violence is: comparing the Holocaust and the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution Introduction Of outbreaks of violence that survived into historical records, Germany’s Holocaust and China’s Cultural Revolution were the most talked about and heavily studied. They are poignant reminders of human’s capacity for destruction. How are the two alike? And how do they differ? The eassay below inquired into this thesis and helped unearth the conditions that provided fertile soil and generated
American managers did not take into consideration present German cultural differences. For instance, every employee had to take part in a morning exercise. But during this exercise, they needed to yell out “WALMART!” quite a few times. In America, this practice may have given employees a sense of belonging and pride in the workplace, whereas in Germany it seemed pointless. Additionally, America has a different ethical code than Germany. Reporting your colleagues’ misconduct could be acceptable in the
schools in China and Cameroon. After graduation, I wish to work for as an administrative coordinator in an international education institution or as a program manager of NGO, promoting quality education. With 3-5 year working experience, I will head for a PhD degree to prepare myself for a research-oriented position. Undertaking my bachelor degree in the first Sino foreign university, the University of Nottingham Ningbo China (UNNC), is the first step for me to engage in cross-cultural communication
Protectionism refers to the policy of a country practiced on other countries, in which certain trade barriers are imposed for economic or non-economic reasons. The purpose for protectionism is to protect home economy and jobs, such as infant industries and domestic employment (Mortimer, 2013). Protectionism is used to protect against unfair trade practices, and correct an adverse balance of payment. Protectionism is also a source of revenue for government. There are several forms of protectionism
place and promotion). Normally a major factor hindering firms when it comes to making an adaptation to the extent that the foreign market is culturally distant from its home market. Hofstede (1980) has researched the nature and extent of cultural differences. He conceptualizes “culture” as the "collective programming of the mind". As individuals mature in any culture their assumptions about the way a society should be organized are instilled into them.