Comparison between two different periods of immigration to Australia According to “Immigration: Australia’s Changing Face”, during 70 years 5.5 million people have come and settled in Australia from 170 counties. The country has a remarkable migration history; a small band of Africans dwelled in Australia approximately 50.000 years ago and James Cook with the expedition was first European that reaching south-eastern coast of the continent in 1770. Additionally, low costs of living, great job opportunities and world-class education facilities attract people to migrate to the country.
Australia lies in the southern Hemisphere between Indian and Pacific Ocean. It is spread over eight million square kilometers. Most of its people, around 18 million, live in coastal cities and regional centers. 25 percent of its population is born overseas. Australia is an English speaking country.
A major change that has occurred in the Western family is an increased incidence in divorce. Whereas in the past, divorce was a relatively rare occurrence, in recent times it has become quite commonplace. This change is borne out clearly in census figures. For example thirty years ago in Australia, only one marriage in ten ended in divorce; nowadays the figure is more than one in three (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1996: p.45). A consequence of this change has been a substantial increase in the number of single parent families and the attendant problems that this brings (Kilmartin, 1997).
Australia embraces the unique cultural heritage of the traditional owners through appreciating their dance, culture (dreamtime), music, traditions (especially love and connection to the land) and beliefs. Aboriginals have lived in Australia for more than 50 000 years and survived 2 centuries of European domination, interference and
This was only a very small proportion in the schemes of things. A total of $241m was spent in order to redevelop Pyrmont and Ultimo. This project was rated one of the largest projects ever in Australian history. By the year 2004, the population of Pyrmont and Ultimo had risen to over 13,000 people with 2 postcodes. With the new development complete, there were new cafe’s, retaurants, the Pyrmont and Ultimo Community centre ws now unctioning and there were new and better transport to and from Pyrmont and Ultimo.
Throughout the history, the United States is undoubtedly a nation of immigrants and their descendants. Immigrants came to the United States, partly to seek economic opportunities, partly for political, religious, artistic freedom. According to Office of Immigration Statistics(U.S.), from 1820 to 2004, the total number of registered immigrants was 6986.95 million. However, during period of 1960-2004, the number of legal immigrants received by the United States reached 280,885 million, exceeding 2,757. 26 million of the first migration peak period(1880-1930).
We’ve all heard the Australian stereotypes. But where do the stereotypes come from? Australia’s identity encompasses many widespread stereotypes, some of which are used advantageously to promote Australia on a global scale. Globally, Australia’s main stream identity is that of a baron outback. Adding to the collective stereotype; bogans and yobbos have played a developmental role in the Australians characteristic identity.
1. Latinos as biggest minority in the US According to Juana Bordas “the Latino population in the United States grew by 43 percent in the last decade, accounting for more than half of the population gain” (IX). As a consequence the Latinos represent one of the largest and most diverse groups in the USA (cf. Saenz 352).
4. The change of population 4.1 The huge influx of Chinese The immigration and Nationality act of 1965 results in the booming of Chinese population in America. The number of Chinese in America was 237,292 in 1960, and it grew to be 435,062 by the end of 1970, and 806,027 in 1980.
Australia is a country with a lot of history. It all began back then, at least 30,000 years ago about 40,000 BC when the first Aborigines, who are the native people of Australia, arrived from South East Asia. Many Aborigines to this day earn money through selling their native artworks. Aboriginal music is commonly perceptible for its well known instrument, the didgeridoo. Its a wind instrument usually made from bamboo.
It is Known as the Largest Jewish Community in the East Asian Pacific region. 80% of the Jews live in either Melbourne of Sydney. 50 000 Jews live in Melbourne and 45 000 live in Sydney. Melbourne is considered as more religious, however, Sydney has a higher Aliyah rate. Throughout Australia, there are 81 Synagogues and 18 Jewish Day Schools.
The author surveys different demographic trends in the U.S immigrant youth population. He observes certain shifts in the youth populations throughout the past hundred years and offers several suggestions on how the immigrant youth population can impact the American society. The author focuses on two demographic trends. First, immigrant youth, children under the age of 18 and are either foreign-born or U.S.-born to immigrant parents, now account for one-fourth of the nation’s 75 million children. Second, the flow of immigration in motion since the mid-1960s has made the children of the U.S. the most racially and ethnically diverse age group.
Australia has experienced a steady growth in economy during past twenty years. As a consequence of the rapid growth in economy, both labour and capital earnings rose and benefited to all households (Greenville, Pobke, & Rogers, 2013). Furthermore, among OECD countries, Australia achieved the second highest position in average income increase from the mid-1990s to the late 2000s (Fletcher & Guttmann, 2013; Greenville et al., 2013). Although the economy is shown a stable growth, income inequality is flouring across Australian states due to fundamental changes like privatisation, internationalisation of financial sector and so on (Johnson, Manning, & Hellwig, 1998).
The National Health Performance Authority report shows that the life expectancy of children born in the year 2012 was 84.3 years for girls and 79.9 years for boys, and those who have survived or make it to the age of 65 years in 2012 were likely to live an additional years of 19.1 (for men) and 22.0 (for women). The trends in life expectancy in Australia since the late 1800s has increased by 30 years. In the year 1890 the life expectancy for young boys was 47.2years while for girls was 50.8 years. There is a huge difference in life expectancy of children (infants) by territory and state among Australians. Infants (babies) born in 2012 in the Australian capital region had a longer life expectancy than babies born in any territory and state in Australia (AIHW,
Out of the 7.6 million Europeans that arrived between 1900 and 1909, 72% came from Austria-Hungary, Russia, and Italy. Ellis Island in New York was the major port for immigrants crossing the Atlantic Ocean during 1892, and Angel Island in California for those arriving through the Pacific Ocean. Americans began to worry about the rapid expansion of immigrants, whose customs seemed strange to most of the native population. As a result, anti-immigrant movements and the uprising of nativism arose. Immigration reached its peak from 1900 to 1915 when nearly 15 million people entered the U.S; that is as many as in the previous forty years.