Cultural Diversity In Australia

Powerful Essays
1 The time between the First and Second World Wars saw the emergence of cultural diversity in Australian society that was characterized by a expanded migration of people, especially men from southern Europe, the Adriatic and the Mediterranean. Restrictive entry conditions remained, such as the exclusion of women and children from non-British backgrounds. The exception was Japanese, Malay and Filipino pearl divers who continued to work under the exemptions of the The Immigration Restriction Act 1901. The 1920s and 1930s were hard times with a Depression that saw massive unemployment, poverty and hardship. This led to migrants becoming classic targets of xenophobia, where there was an intense fear or dislike of their customs and culture.Australia 's…show more content…
4 Descriptive sense multicultural is simply a term which describes the cultural and ethnic diversity of contemporary Australia. We are, and will remain, a multicultural society. Measures designed to respond to that diversity. It plays no part in migrant selection. It is a policy for managing the consequences of cultural diversity in the interests of the individual and society as a whole. The Commonwealth Government has identified three dimensions of multicultural policy: cultural identity: the right of all Australians, within carefully defined limits, to express and share their individual cultural heritage, including their language and religion; social justice: the right of all Australians to equality of treatment and opportunity, and the removal of barriers of race, ethnicity, culture, religion, language, gender or place of birth; and economic efficiency: the need to maintain, develop and utilize effectively the skills and talents of all Australians, regardless of background. Australia is generally seen as one of the 'classical countries of immigration '. Nation-building following British colonisation in 1788 meant the destruction of Aboriginal societies, and the construction of a new nation based on immigration. The earliest settlers were convicts, soldiers and colonial administrators, followed by free settlers, encouraged by the British state. The mid-19th century gold rushes led to greatly increased immigration:…show more content…
The first large group of non-European workers came from China and later the Pacific Islands. Anti-Asian campaigns led to the Immigration Restriction Act (the 'White Australia policy ') of 1901. After the Second World War, an immigration program was introduced to increase the population and boost economic strength. The aim was to bring in mainly British immigrants, but in fact a growing proportion came from Eastern and Northern Europe, and then from Southern Europe in the 1950s and 1960s. After an interruption during the recession of the early 1970s, new currents of immigration from Asia, the Middle East, Latin America and New Zealand developed. The overall picture has been of a planned policy of permanent immigration, with control facilitated by Australia 's isolated geographical position. Migration has nonetheless had unforeseen consequences: the ethnic composition of migrant intakes has changed in a way that was neither predicted nor desired by the architects of the migration program. This has been partly because the need for labour during expansionary phases has dictated changes in
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