While the health care system is improving, people become healthier and it helps to increase the life expectancy. What are the impacts of the aging population on the economy context? a) Labor Force Supply and Productivity There will be a decline in the supply of labor force among the young populations as the total fertility rate decreases. The involvement of older generations is a good thing as it helps to reduce the shortage of skilled workers. Although older workers tend to have more skills and abilities, the young workers would probably have something that can lead to innovation or development of the new ideas.
Families that are poor or have a low income are more likely to commit crimes for the purpose of their own needs to survive. “It is a fact that neighborhoods where the poor are concentrated are more prone to high crime rates, and poor residents are the most common victims of crimes” (1). The best explanation for this is that poorer people have the same needs as a regular middle class citizen. The poor citizens need certain things to help him or her live a healthy life, such as healthcare, food stamps, and more employment options. It has been argued that healthcare is too expensive and that food stamps have been taken away from many people.
That said, after reviewing the copious volume of information available on the impact of ageism throughout society, perhaps the most striking story I found relates to the dramatic toll ageism takes on the daily lives of older adults, and on their perceptions of aging. Studies by Dr. Becca Levy, director of the Social and Behavioral Sciences Division at the Yale School of Public Health, revealed that negative self-perceptions of aging result in poor health outcomes, hearing decline, poor memory performance, and shorter life spans. Conversely, Levy 's studies demonstrated that positive self-perceptions of aging can improve memory, thinking, and cognition, mood, self-confidence, overall functionality, and longevity. The case involving ageism in
Over the last century life expectancy and the level education have been increasing, causing debates and research to find a correlation between these variables (Cochrane, O'Hara, & Leslie, 1980). This is problematic since simultaneous causality could potentially have influence in this setting. Human capital theory could explain this: life expectancy could possibly increase the returns to education in the aggregate level (ref scott sweetland). According to the available data, the final hypothesis will test for a causal effect of life expectancy on the percentage of males who completed higher
Health inequalities are preventable and unjust differences in health status experienced by certain population groups. People in lower socio-economic groups are more likely to experience chronic ill-health and die earlier than those who are more advantaged. Health inequalities are not only apparent between people of different socio-economic groups – they exist between different genders and different ethnic groups (“Health inequalities,” n.d.). The situation in which people are born, grow, develop, work and age are affected by social, economic, environmental and most importantly political factors. Health inequalities do not just happen but are as a result of the social, economic and environmental factors that shapes our lives.
Summary of managing culture diversity Course Introduction: Globalization has been identified as major impact on organization. With this increased, culture diversity has grown & become a trend & more & more important. Most of the researches have the agreement on the importance of culture diversity management. Organization stand to gain many advantages from this diversity. According to one study published in Harvard business review, diverse firms are 45% more to have growth in market share & 70% likely to get into a new market.
Regarding the issue of “aging”, there have been several theoretical perspectives that address the issue of the growing number of elderly in our society. Social gerontologists study aging and the elderly, and recently, this has grown in importance as the elderly have become the fastest growing segment of the population. Aging is the combination of biological, psychological, and social processes that affect people as they grow older, yet these biological, psychological, and social processes are not the same and may vary considerably within and across cultures. Beginning with functionalism, which was brought about in the 19th century by Comte and Durkheim, it emphasized large-scale social institutions and processes. It focused on understanding the role or contribution of some event, activity or institution to the working of society as a whole, not individuals.
On the other hand, integration states that assimilation is not necessary for manageable movement in the receiving country. For instance, integration states that it is not necessary to leave one’s culture behind to pursue success. Integration, compared to assimilation, is multidimensional in nature. It allows for immigrant groups to establish relationships with host societies in a much broader sense, for instance, either social culturally, or socially economically. Straight line classic assimilation states that over time immigrant groups resemble native individuals in terms of language, beliefs, values, and customs (Notes 1/29).
This indicates the change in travel preferences among the latest generation or, also known as, the Generation Y (millennials generation), which are the people who are born in between 1980-1999 and consists of 16-34 year olds. (www.marketrealist.com) The emergence of this generation as a consumer has resulted in major social changes, especially in terms of service where they turn out to be much more demanding. In here, the demographic factor plays the part in forecasting the demands and for instance, in the U.S., given the present circumstances, it is predicted that the expansion of millennial generation will