Material culture, the tangible product of human society that is concrete expression of ideas and beliefs. Culture is a way of life that a number of people have in common (1987:62). As of, (Gidden, 2005), understanding and explanations, culture plays an important role in continuing the valves and norms of society, yet it also offers important chance for creativity and change. Almost most society and family all are communicate within their culture. People are in culture and share the culture, interacted with one another within the boundary of culture.
Culture is fundamental to how we analyze, interpret, and engage in the world around us. Culture is moulded by history, politics and the circumstances in which we live. Culture is a set of principles that we adhere to. It is a set of behaviours that is common to a specific class of society. It is through culture that people are defined, and share particular value systems.
Product differentiation refers to differentiating the products on the basis of brand, size, color, shape, etc. The product of a firm is close, but not perfect substitute of other firm. Buyers are therefore willing to pay different prices from the same product that is produced by different firms, giving the individual to influence the market price of its product. 3. Selling costs: Under monopolistic competition, products are differentiated and these differences are made known to the buyers through selling costs.
The culture of a community is defined by the living patterns of the members of the society. Culture has an important place in one’s identity. Identity is a process of becoming, constructing from the matrix of similarities and difference. Culture is a source of reviving the cultural identity. The culture enables us to locate our identity in a cultural space.
Culture according to oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary is the customs and beliefs, art, way of life and social organization of a particular country or group. Culture refers to the customs, practices, languages, values and world views that define a social group. Cultural identity therefore is the identity or feeling of belonging to a group. It is a part of a person’s self-conception and self-perception and is related to nationality, ethnicity, religion, social class or any kind of social group that has its own distinct culture. According to Pratt, as a ‘historical reservoir’, culture is an important factor in shaping identity.
Findings: Impact of culture on educational institutions: Curriculum: The curriculum is prepared according to the culture of society. The system of education tries to realize the cultural needs of society through curriculum which conditions all educational activities and programmes. Curriculum helps every phase of life for promoting culture. Methods of teaching: Culture and methods of teaching are intimately connected. The changing cultural patterns of a society exert its influence upon the methods of teaching.
First of all, packaging sizes and the relation between packaging sizes, packaging content, and using similar strategies like adding gifts, are employed in order to lead the consumer into thinking that there is a greater quantity of the product just to deceive them. Secondly, some of the design of the packaging implies wrongful or misleading information. Third, producers imitate another’s packaging in order to imply a certain geographic provenance or quality of the product. Finally, the price may be wrongfully indicated or absent from the packaging. There is a slight degree of uncertainty among consumers about quality of products in the market, and there is obvious mistrust of the communications manufacturers use to attract buyers to those products.
Apart from the above the cultural beliefs, social expectations, communal values, norms traditions also influence the curriculum. Society is group of people or communities or nations which constitutes a cultured mankind. Society is a general body of people, communities or nations constituting civilized mankind. Therefore, curriculum should be designed in the radiance of inclination from the development of society. Any curriculum’s merit comes from the reflection it shows from the local culture and the social needs in which it is being developed.
SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN DIFFERENT SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE ESSAY EDUCATION AS A SOCIAL INSTITUTION: Social institutions are an important element in the structure of human societies. They provide a structure for behavior in a particular part of social life. Education is one of the major social institutions that exist in the society. It establishes a goal of social equality and a common knowledge base among students. It is the realization of self potential and talents of an individual for the benefit and continuity of society and life.
1) Explain the types of consumer buying behavior. Consumer buying behavior is refers to the purchasing conduct of definite buyers people and families who purchase products and enterprises for individual consumption. Types of consumer buying behavior are complex buying behavior Buyers experience complex purchasing conduct when they are very required in a buy and aware of significant contrasts among brands. Consumers are highly included when the item is costly, purchased rarely, unsafe and very self-expressive. Ordinarily the customer does not know much about the item class and has much to learn.