Second, the practices that professionals undertake must be for “public-regarding ends and in a public-regarding way” (Hatcher 2008, p. 25). This is crucial because the public expects that professionals will contribute to sustaining and improving public valuesor, in economic terms,“public goods” such as “health care, civil regulation and social justice, technological safety, and environmental regulation, publicly available information that is reliable and comprehensible, and high-quality education” (Hatcher 2008,p. 4). In other words, civic professionals are and should be “active participants in civic life,” who “cast their identities, roles, and expertise around a democratic, public mission, suffusing their technical competence with civic awareness and purpose” (Peters 2004, p.
It is the commitment of a company to account for the impact of its operation in social, economic, and environmental dimensions (Achda, 2006). As one factor that frames CSR, culture becomes one of the triggering points that influence the institutional environment of the corporation. Institutions are interlinked with culture as they both help in practicing norms and increasing values of corporation. For CSR, this could be transmitted as an obligation for
This convention recognizes the importance of protecting the history of the world through heritage and the irreplaceable importance it holds to future generations, indigenous people and human culture as a whole. This foundation is much like World heritage species’ which protects species of the world with ‘outstanding universal value.’ In achieving this, the concept utilizes already existing conventions to improve its effectiveness. In so doing, there is not the creation of a convention with little real life application and the work of the convention can thus truly be accomplished. In some cases, protecting the species might not be as clear-cut as it may seem, since some species require more effort in providing effective protection like the Bwindi Mountain Gorilla which because of a large number of person living in and around the habitat, conservation efforts are a challenge. However, the United Nations Educational, Social and Cultural Organization’s Programme on Man and Biosphere provides for ‘biosphere reserves’ which provides a sustainable way based on scientific research to conserve the
According to Bojanic, (2011) Sustainable development is the process of utilizing the social, economic and environmental resources in a country or region to be able to continue to meet the needs of its residents over time. One of the most important aspects of sustainable development is the ability to preserve the environment by managing the carrying capacity of the natural ecosystems, creating environmental sustainability. Mi, (2014) elaborated further stating that Sustainable development is to meet the needs of people, and do not pose a hazard on future generations. It is necessary to achieve the purpose of economic development, as well as to protect the survival of mankind's including atmosphere, fresh water, oceans, land and natural resources such as
Through the conceptual framework, combined with the findings, four major factors were found to influence public participation in heritage conservation: 1) the challenges of cultural aspects; 2) the subtitle relationship between China and Hong Kong; and the delimitation of the heritage conservation legislation. The cultural difference of Hong Kong people Heritage creates the collective memories which reflect on the sense of identity for a group of people. In this regard, memory and identity are important elements associated with heritage conservation discussed in the literature review. The debate on this topic by proposing a public participation perspective within the community-initiation framework. Thus, identity, historical and cultural values
This has endowed the country with extremely rich cultural heritage, which is the crystallization of nation’s wisdom. Besides, intangible cultural heritage is the mainspring of humanity’s cultural diversity and its maintenance a guarantee for continuing creativity. “A nation’s intangible cultural heritage represents its people’s living national spirit.” (Feng Jicai, President of Chinese Folk Literature and Art Association) Intangible cultural heritage is important for whole nation, it is necessary to pay more attention and take actions to protect. However, it is not as easy as it was supposed to be. On the one hand, due to limitations of its own characteristics, intangible cultural heritage cannot be touched or stored in physical form.
Sustainability includes this two principles but it has a social dimension too. Sustainability can integrate with society, that is why people needs to be informed about practices of sustainability. This is indicating the importance of the education in sustainability. American Institute of Architects (1992) defined sustainability in architecture: In its broadest sense, sustainability refers to the ability of a society, ecosystem, or other ongoing system to continue functioning into the indefinite future, without being forced into decline through exhaustion or overloading of the key resources on which that system. Today with development of technology everything that humans use and do getting easier and getting better.
INTRODUCTION Cultural heritage is the root of person’s identity. Since birth, each individual has the right to have an identity. The identity of an individual is the assertion of his or her existence in a society. It is also a matter of recognition of their individuality and what differentiates them from their peers. The world has cultural diversity that can lead individuals to accept, as well as respect that the world have so many kinds of heritage.
Nevertheless, this doesn’t mean the environmental issues are beyond remedy. As globalization is developing, its framework and models of economy and politics are evolving as well. The question “Is globalization beneficial to the environment?” will get a “yes” without any hesitation in the future by more and more people value the concept of “eco-friendly”. We humans, as the crucial link between earth and globalization should take measures to maintain the sustainability of both nature and
Under this perspective, heritage monuments, sites and landscapes comprise a type of cultural resource, which should be managed in special ways so as to preserve their scientific and historical values (Comer 2012, 3). 2. 2. 2. Cultural heritage and integrity