A. Iantosca, 2018, Philosophy). Dewey believed that children learned through experiences and can have a better understanding from them. According to his philosophy, curriculum should be child-centred and experiences should be based on children’s interests and needs (Iantosca, 2018, History, slid 15). Moreover, progressives including Dewey believed children can be more active in the society if they understand the link between them and the community. This is why progressivism approach in education was connected to forming American democracy (Encyclopedia of Education, 2002).
INTRODUCTION Inclusion in education is the act of integrating and accommodating each student regardless of their learning difficulties, disabilities, or other special needs. That is why in our world today, parents, educators, and lawmakers are pushing for inclusion, for the right of each child with special needs to learn alongside their peers, to have the same access to opportunities and academic advantages, and to be able to take part and contribute in the community. In the field of education, inclusion has become a controversial topic, because of the ethical and legal issues that surrounds it. On one hand, it promotes equality and diversity among the student population and it is meant to accommodate each and every student despite their
The Tusla report What Works in Family Support (2013) refers to the work of Gardner (2003) who stressed that in order to prove their worth, services need to offer very clear evidence that the service is really achieving its aims in supporting children and families ‘in ways which conform to or exceed acknowledged practice standards and optimal cost’. In referring to research done by Mc Donald (2001) it also identifies evidence based practice as one which demonstrates an approach to decision making which is ‘transparent, accountable and based on careful consideration of the most compelling evidence we have about the effects of particular interventions on the welfare of individuals, groups and communities’ Because Child Development Initiatives such as the Healthy School Programme were funded using tax payers’ money, €12,650 per school for one year (CDI Healthy Schools Policy Brief 2012) transparency and accountability had to be high on the agenda of CDI
11-12), the basic principle of the inclusive school is that learning should be done by all children together, if possible, in spite of any differences or difficulties may have. Inclusive schools have to know and act in response to the various needs of their students, accepting both different styles and rates of learning and ensuring quality education to all through suitable curriculum, organizational planning, teaching techniques and strategies, partnerships with their communities and resource use. There should be a continuum of support and services to match the continuum of special needs encountered in every
‘Having a voice, having a choice’. Children have the right to take part not only giving opinions but choosing their agenda and making their own decisions. Children and young people’s participation is to make sure that all views are heard and valued in the taking of decisions which affect them, to make sure they are supported in making positive contribution to their schools and local community. It is important to focus on all of the rules relating to child protection and safeguarding, confidentiality and data protection. It is important that all children and young people are involves ad take part in a wide range of decision making
The seven core values of the NAEYC Code of Ethical Conduct are different kind of commitments that we have to follow in order to be in a field of any early childhood care and education. The seven values are: Appreciate childhood as a unique and valuable stage of the human life cycle., Base our work on knowledge of how children develop and learn., Appreciate and support the bond between the child and family, recognize that children are best understood and supported in the context of family, culture, community and society., Respect the dignity, work and uniqueness of each individual., Respect diversity in children, families ,and colleagues., And finally, Recognize that children and adults achieve their full potential in the context of relationships that are based on trust and respect.
When working with children you should not demonstrate anti-discriminatory practice. It’s important that all practitioners work in a fair and inclusive way and ensure that all children have equal opportunities within the setting. Promoting equality within the setting will allow them to develop a self-esteem and become confident in life. They will also feel valued by people and respected even if they are different to others. Its important to promote a sense of belonging in the setting as when children grow up, they need to feel that they belong to the group, whether that group is their family, their culture, the community they live
When going into the field of an Early Childhood Educator there are different values that one should have. In my opinion Early Childhood Educators should have foundation skills of how children learn, should know how to support diverse knowledge, should be able to model the correct language, should have classroom management skills, and should be able to create a safe environment for all children. According to the NAEYC core values Early Childhood Educators should base work on knowledge of how children develop and learn, which goes with my first opinion with Early Childhood educators having the foundation skills of how children learn. NAEYC core values also states that recognize that children are best understood and supported and
As an educator we should know and understand our own culture identity which is the first step to become a culturally competent practitioner. From that we will get to know how our cultural experience has moulded our own life which made us capable to acknowledge how these features impact on others. A culturally competent educator can communicate delicately and effectively with people who have different languages, cultures, religions, genders, ethnicities, disabilities, ages and sexualities and this educator will attempt to provide services which are consistent to the needs and values of the families and children by acknowledging them, and responding to them correctly. An Educator need to improve skills, knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and practices
Children’s programs should be based on children’s needs as they are going to grow, develop and mature in educators’ care and planned programs. Therefore, this is essential for educators to define their philosophy in education. Equality and Diversity It is important that an educator must consider the individual differences and design curricula that suitable for every child. I believe that all children are individuals, unique in their abilities, from a wide diversity of backgrounds and cultures, and they also have the right to be treated with dignity and respect. Educators are observers and designers who have to observe children’s abilities, interests and learning styles for designing a curriculum that fulfill everyone’s needs.