Marielle Apronti Prof. Oscar Williams AAFS 311 4 March 2018 The Trans-Atlantic slave trade was the most important factor when considering the early development of European capitalism. The arrival of the Portuguese to the West African Coast and their establishment of trading and slave ports throughout the continent set in stone a trend of exploitation of Africa 's labor and human resources. Europeans greatly benefited from the Trans-Atlantic trade, as it allowed them to aggregate raw materials such as sugar and cotton to manufacture products that funded the Industrial Revolution. In the book “Capitalism and Slavery” by Eric Williams he addresses the origin of “Negro” history, the economic and political impact of slavery in Great Britain, the role of the American Revolution and the decline of slavery in Great Britain. William’s main argument in this book is that the rise of industrial capitalism in Europe would not have been possible without the profits derived from African slave labor.
In the will of Dr. Porter left Dinah to Lydia (wife) and Jacob to Hannah(daughter). At this time in history documents there is no sign of what happened to Fortune’s other offspring, Mira, Roxy, or Africa. In the 1700s the slaves were usually buried, but Fortune wants, nevertheless Dr. Porter persevered Fortune’s bones to further his understanding of human anatomy. If the bones weren 't display you would be missing out on all of those facts, but that isn 't even the limit of the history behind his bones. Despite a few injures, Fortune’s 60 year old bone were perfect to study off.
He inspired Hon Elijah Muhammad, Martin Luther King Jr., and even Malcolm X through his philosophy. In an attempt for the African American people to rely solely on themselves, he set up the Negro Factories Corporation so that he could produce everything a nation would/could. Marcus Garvey founded the Negro Factories Corporation in 1920, he sold the stock to African Americans and accumulated one million dollars for his task. Marcus Garvey’s quintessential dream for reality was for Africans to have independence from the United States, but, he wanted to go a step further and create a United States of Africa for the African people. He returned to Jamaica in 1912 and founded many more helpful businesses for the African society Marcus Garvey found inspiration from people like Hitler, Mussolini, and Sussali because of their racial pride.
The word voodoo can be drawn since the 13th century in the Ghana, Mali, and Mauritania. Voodoo stemmed from the Fon language and by the 16th century, many West Africans worshipped a shrine of gods. Africans devoted their time into ancestor worship and ritual practices in order to help communicate with the spirits. Voodoo is most commonly known for the spiritual practice of black magic in West Africa. In addition, “Hoodoo which refers to an African traditional folk magic and Obeah derived from Central and West African origins,”(Tucker).
Towards the close of the nineteenth century and the start of the twentieth century, European imperialist governments in their quest to expand their territories for various reasons aggressively scrambled and invaded the African continent. Initially, the gullible African societies, most of which were decentralized, welcomed the foreigners but after realizing the stakes some mounted resistance (Johnston,43). As expected, the more sophisticated imperialist governments prevailed in most of the colonies and subdued the natives. The effects of the foreign presence were monumental, and it would take more than half a century for these colonies to free themselves from the oppressive rule and become independent governments. Until the late 1800’s,
Their ancestors arrived to America long after slavery was abolished. Walters brings an interesting point, it’s that the European had no immunity to the diseases that flourished in Africa. Capturing the Africans was done by Arabs and black Africans. Would the reparations supporters ask the citizens of Ghana, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Kenya and several other Muslim state, to tax themselves and make a reparation bill to the people whom their
The head of an Oba was created by artists within the city and only through the permission of their current Oba (king). No one artist is given credit for its creation , so we only know that this piece comes from the Benin culture , made through lost wax bronzing, and is from the 16th century. The head is made in the honor of an Oba who has passed by his successor. The head of an Oba is a commemorative head somewhat the metal cousin to busts of roman culture. This head is made of brass and iron, brass being the basis for most of the head and iron only being used to form the eyes giving them a piercing almost intimidating stare.
Funding for this data processing could have not been possible without the help of the conservation science division at the Hearst Museum. "Working with the Northwestern University-Art Institute of Chicago Center for Scientific Studies in the Arts (NU-ACCESS) made a comprehensive technical survey of the paintings possible" (Fellman). Walton and his team brought in specialists in scientific analysis of cultural heritage materials, as well as the latest technology in non-destructive analysis to the Hearst Museum. The use of blue for sketches changes our views on the availability of Egyptian blue during the Roman period. It suggests the pigment to be so abundant that it was used instead of carbon black or chalk, which were much cheaper pigments.
Throughout chapter three of The Myth of the Negro Past, Melville Herkovits writes about the African culture back before slaves were brought to the Americas. He refutes many previously thought ideas that African Americans have no past or shared culture which the myth in the title of the book. In chapter three entitled, “The African Cultural Heritage,” Herskovits argued that African Americans descended from a people with a rich series of cultural traditions (Willaims 3). One of the aspects that Herkovits looks into is death in the African family and funerals rites. The ties between ancestors and gods are extremely close in Dahomey and the Yoruba cultures, he even says the power of man doesn’t end when that person dies, these dead ancestors actually