Cultural Impact On Tourism Development

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Most research studying local residents’ perceptions and attitudes towards tourism development and the factors that may influence their perceptions and attitudes is essential in achieving a host community's support for tourism development (Akis et al., 1996, p. 32; Choi and Murray, 2010, p. 71; Andereck et al., 2005, p. 48; Jurowski and Gursoy, 2004, p. 102; Lankford and Howard, 1994, p. 91; Hermandez et al., 1996, p. 12)..
Yoon et al. (2001, p. 21) attempted to examine the structural effects of four tourism-impact factors on total ipact and on local residents’ support for tourism development. The research revealed that four tourism-impact factors namely economic, social, cultural and environmental impacts were related with two factors, including
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74) examined the perceived impacts as having two dimensions such as costs and benefits. For expanded the understanding of community support for tourism, Gursoy et al. (2002, p. 4) expanded on the findings of the model proposed by Jurowski et al (1997, p. 11) breaking down the perceived impact into five areas including economic benefits; social benefits; social costs; cultural benefits; and cultural costs. Johnson et al. (2002, p. 26) examined residents’ perceptions of tourism development in a rural area experiencing an economic transition. The economy was shifting from the extractive industries of mining and logging to an emergent tourism industry. The study utilized a longitudinal research design to investigate community sentiment over the developmental phase of a new year-round ski area. Vasgas-Sanchez et al. (2011, p. 19) reviewed the constructs that have been used in research on residents’ perception and attitudes towards tourism development. They also indicated that there are positive linkages among personal benefits from tourism development, perceived positive impacts of tourism (about economic, socio/cultural and environmental impacts), satisfaction with the community, and attitude towards additional tourism development (Ko and Stewart, 2002, p.…show more content…
William and Lawson (2001, p. 87) suggested that researchers who are interest in investigating antecedents of residents perceptions of tourism need to focus more on personal value and less on demographic factors. Gursoy et al. (2002, p. 57) aimed to model host community support for tourism development in Virginia, the United States of America. They showed that community concern, community attachment, eco-centric attitudes, utilization of the tourism resource base by residents, the state of the local economy, perceived benefits and costs are related to support for tourism based in two categories (cultural and historic attractions; and cultural and folks

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