Garfinkel in my opinion was a sociological genius, because he took something undetected and made it detectable. It seems silly to perform an experiment on how people act daily, but this type of work made it possible for others to understand and even break away from social norms. Background assumptions according to Garfinkel are all about how we perceive the world around us by doing what is expected in everyday situations. For example, if you were to walk into a fancy restaurant wearing a T-shirt and jeans, you are breaking a social norm. This leaves the people around you questioning your judgement and character.
Some norms ar become formal rules and laws, whereas others ar merely unwritten rules of prescript for everyday behaviour. These unwritten rules will usually be categorised as either folkways or mores. Folkways ar norms that dictate acceptable behaviour for routine or casual interaction. In our culture, boys wear pants rather than skirts, and that we all understand to not decide our nose publicly. These ar casual rules for behaviour; though we have a tendency to might imagine that individuals WHO violate them ar weird or rude, we do not assume they must be jailed for his or her
In order to be accepted in the current social society, you must follow a certain set of norms throughout life. Social norms are the unwritten rules on behavior that are expected and established opinions on what is appropriate and what is not. People who do not follow these instilled norms may be casted aside, judged, or suffer a consequence. Society’s expectations have dictated what normal human behavior is that people conform to as a way of life. These norms, however, are not set in stone, so they may be challenged.
The fact that the villagers have been doing the tradition for so long they just do it without a thought. So, revisions had to be made because of the increasing population but the villagers didn't like the idea of changing traditions shown in the quote “Mr. Summers spoke frequently to the villagers about making a new box, but no one liked to upset even as much tradition as was represented by the black box.” (page 2 paragraph 1 Jackson). The whole lottery was to keep the whole population under control. Instead of increasing rapidly they want to keep the town under control and be able to have control over the people.
page 4 Shoplifting can affect everyone not just people you know. For the people who do not shoplift they have the problem of always being suspected. Because of shoplifting, some stores do not allow minors to enter without an adult. Many stores will ask you if you are going to pay for that? It becomes annoying for people who have done nothing wrong.
Conventional economics holds that human beings behave rationally, and act rationally when making decisions. Behavioural economists believe the exact opposite of this is true for most people, and through Behavioural Science all of the evidence shows that we are not rational. When making decisions have we have biases and we tend to use heuristics such as mental short cuts, rule of thumb, biases etc. Nudge can be adapted and applied widely for enabling and encouraging change in individuals and groups. Most people are not aware that Nudge is being used to make them make everyday decisions, it is being used by large corporations, SME’s and Governments to get people to buy certain products, behave in certain ways and make decisions that help the businesses and society in general.
Take a mall for example. In every store you go into, there is a different song that is geared towards the majority of the customers. These songs, even if you know every word to them forwards or backwards, are reserved to be sung while you’re in the shower after a long days work, or while you sing along to the radio during your morning commute. These songs are usually not meant for people to sing their heart out in a public setting while you’re shopping in your favorite stores, which is the social norm that was violated in this experiment. Before selecting the norm that I would inevitably violate, I considered several options.
One prominent feature of a culture is its own unique norms. These norms are the traditional standards and behavior that is expected in a certain culture. These include the different folkways, mores, and laws that are present and implemented in the society. They can range from simple unwritten rules like that of the need to say “po” or “opo” whenever you speak to an elderly in the Filipino culture, a rule which certainly does not apply to other societal groups. It can also be rules such as the one in the Amish culture wherein the Amish, when they turn a certain age, can decide to stay in their community and remain there or explore the outside world and be disowned from their society.
Noncompliance to folkways is seen as okay and is acceptable. An example of a folkway is the removal of shoes when entering someone’s house. While it is a norm that Filipinos follow due to their culture, noncompliance is acceptable because it is a habit that one can opt to not follow as it is not strictly imposed upon the people. Mores are the values, customs, and conventions of a community, and doing something against or that violates the mores of a society is frowned upon. One example is the concept of living in for Filipinos.
3. The Research Questions Considering the immense advantages of online shopping to customers, there have been many related articles on this subject in the United States (U.S.) and United Kingdom (U.K.) but relatively few in Saudi Arabia. The author understood this gap and also realized that the online shopping is not only appealing to the locals but to the large population of expatriates of which a significant portion comprises of working professionals and skilled workers in the government and private sectors. Hence, she listed the following reasons as to why online shopping can be very enticing both to Saudi and non-Saudi consumers in Saudi Arabia: 1. Saudi Arabia is a desert country and the temperature during the summer on average is about 42C (108F) and people are discouraged to go outside their homes due to extreme heat and possible heat exhaustion.