Within the world’s ancient past, lived ancient civilizations. Throughout ancient history, these civilizations each have a differing belief within a variation of sentient beings. Though when looking through each of these civilizations central beliefs and folklore of their cultures, you are able to see that certain key stories within each of these civilizations seem to show up in other cultures. This is known as cultural diffusion: when the stories of one civilization becomes apart of another civilization. Usually in a revisioned fashion to fit the needs of the civilization.
After considering the multiple contemporary societal concerns in our world today, many potential research topics come to mind. However, even though each may have equal value of concern, it is fairly difficult to relate many of them to my chosen major of anthropology. According to the American Anthropology Association (2016), “Anthropology is the study of humans, past and present. To understand the full sweep and complexity of cultures across all of human history, anthropology draws and builds upon knowledge from the social and biological sciences as well as the humanities and physical sciences” (homepage). Therefore, I have decided to approach a subject related more toward sociocultural anthropology.
Ever since the beginning of time, society has been defined by gender roles. However, over the years, certain cultures and the societies within them in different locations around the world have adapted and these roles have been altered or have changed completely. Despite the rapid evolution of the equality of gender roles in some areas, others have held tight and have incorporated these roles into the main fabrics of their respective societies. One such society is the Bedouins in the Western Desert of Egypt. The ideologies of gender in Bedouin society are intertwined with moral discourses comprising modesty and honor.
Throughout history, philosophers and other enlightening figures have produced both ancient and contemporary influential pieces from cultures around the world. Ranging from the dominant-militant teachings found in Sun Tzu’s Art of War, to our more modern and liberating feminist novel of the 18th century, we have encountered a few passages that has shaped the behavior and ideas of the society around them and even ours today. A prominent theme relating to human nature arises among a few of the novels we engaged with in class. Although most concepts of human nature seem to pertain to the innate traits that are unique to an individual, an important necessity for living a healthy lifestyle requires a strong sense of community that is dependent upon
The Six Day Creation Story All Ancient cultures have a creation story and those stories become the center of their rituals, politics, and cultural identity. The same is no different for Genesis 1 and 2. Both were put down into writing during the Israelites time of Babylonian Captivity and exile. During this time to set the identity of Israelites and declare their independence, the stories actively take on ideas that go against the pagan creation myths, but also have some influence from them. Due to all the cultural influences on the Israelites; there are interpretative issues that occur from those that do not have the cultural background, and when one understands the cultural influences the creation stories gain a new meaning.
In comparison, it’s always observed on how different scholars find the similarity of especially marital settings, characters, and as well as the wanderings of the mythological world. Different events within the life of these characters cover broadly a huge range of epic encounters that are heroic. The character, emotional and psychological development of Gilgamesh can be borrowed especially from the ancient heroic perspectives of mortality and death while comparing with Achilles. Mesopotamian civilization has had several phases in which hero Gilgamesh has been in existence, however having similar attributes. One of the earliest stories of Gilgamesh is developed from Sumerian texts, one of the most influential and well-known poems (Michelakis & Pantelis 2007).
In literature, heroes or protagonists frequently indicate society’s values through their culture. Beowulf and Sir Gawain’s characters are revealed through their decisions and actions. Ultimately, their decisions and actions define the concerns and ideals of their corresponding time period. As these heroes face many tribulations in their folk epic, the reader actively follows alongside them, learning more about their culture ideals, societal norms, and their duties to their people. In the Middle Ages, for instance, contain various cultural identities that differ from the Anglo-Saxon Period.
The Influence of Genesis on Modern Archetypes Throughout history, both ancient and modern, archetypes can be found scattered all across literature. They act as a basis of stereotypes for all humanity, and that is why people have placed such an important emphasis on them (whether consciously or not). An early example of a literature like this can be traced all the way back to Genesis and the story of Adam and Eve, where obvious archetypes can be seen, like the Devil Figure, the Battle of Good and Evil, the Wise Man, and so on. Modern literature, however, still show these ideas. An example of this can be found in, “contemporary classics” like the Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling because texts like the creation story in Genesis have greatly
Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia, modern day Iraq, were two civilizations that shaped the way with regards to the religious, public works, and government aspects of our lives. They showed how to act in order to be successful. Many of the acts that were performed in ancient times are still done today. There are many aspects that go into a civilization, but the three that were really significant in the ancient civilizations of Egypt and different Mesopotamian civilizations were the similarities and differences between the religious, public works, and governmental aspects. When archeologists look at two different civilizations they often use the skill of comparison.
Egypt and Greece are two of the oldest civilizations in our history and many similarities and differences exist between the two civilizations. They were located in two different areas and were subject to different kinds of exposure such as various types of cultures and contact with other civilizations. Their geography is the main reason these two civilizations are so diverse. Each had access to things the other might not have had access to or vice versa. A few differences include their religious beliefs, how they organized their governments, and their cultural contributions to later societies.