There are stereotypical and exaggerated costumes that help to emphasise the composer's satirical perceptions of the context of 1995. Amy Heckerling uses visual irony, where an image is presented but a different and separate comment is made in comparison to the image. This irony is established when untypical and totally abnormal shots are being displayed of expensive belongings and attractive teenagers during the film's introduction. The voice-over contradicts what is being shown, "My life is way normal." This film technique displays the way the director has opposed what is being said and mocks the social context and displays the satire within Clueless.
Bernard Williams’ essay, A Critique of Utilitarianism, launches a rather scathing criticism of J. J. C. Smart’s, An Outline of a System of Utilitarian ethics. Even though Williams claims his essay is not a direct response to Smart’s paper, the manner in which he constantly refers to Smart’s work indicates that Smart’s version of Utilitarianism, referred to as act-Utilitarianism, is the main focus of Williams’ critique. Smart illustrates the distinction between act-Utilitarianism and rule-Utilitarianism early on in his work. He says that act-Utilitarianism is the idea that the rightness of an action depends on the total goodness of an action’s consequences. Smart also discusses how act-Utilitarianism is often associated with hedonism, and that
The Clouds a Greek comedy that satirized Socrates in his “Thinkery”. Being that it is a comedy, the context of the Clouds is aimed more at the absurd nature of Socrates “Logic Factory” and sophists in general. 2. What are the authors trying to accomplish in these works? How do their approaches to their subjects, their style of expression, and their claims differ from each other?
Stevenson’s clever illustration of the danger of knowledge reveals the troubling reality of awareness and reveals Jekyll’s brilliance to be the Achilles heel that leads to his demise. The relevance of the concept of ‘consuming knowledge’ plagues those who know, and proposes there is a degree of truth to the belief that ‘ignorance is bliss,’ because if Jekyll lacked the scientific prowess to create a concoction to tap into his repressed and animalistic nature, his path may alter. The complexity of Stevenson’s themes acknowledges both his literary genius and the philosophical dilemma of the grayness of the world in which we
The Sonnets and Much Ado About Nothing are two of William Shakespeare’s works that explore the deceptive nature of appearances as a way of distorting reality. Shakespeare illustrates how appearances are disingenuous and how they lead to misconstrued thoughts within relationships. In Shakespeare’s Sonnets, particularly sonnet 93, the speaker addresses the conflict between his lover’s physical appearance and inner being. Much Ado About Nothing seeks to demonstrate how deception occurs when false appearances are used as a way of twisting the truth. Both of Shakespeare’s famous works explore how appearances are used merely as a means of deception, by having sonnet 93 focusing on physical appearances, and Much Ado About Nothing examining false appearances.
Parodies A parody is an imitation of something, typically literature, that is exaggerated for comedic effect. Monty Python and the Holy Grail is a parody of the legend of King Arthur. From downright foolishness to sophisticated satire, parodies comment on an original work and do so in an entertaining manner. Monty Python makes a mockery of the classic King Arthur story and causes some laughs along the way. Although Monty Python and the Holy Grail is a parody, and a ridiculous one at that, one must appreciate the wit and understanding of literature Terry Gilliam displays by the way he wrote the film.
Within the passage of 1984, Orwell utilizes dismissive diction. Through his use of diction, Syme attempts to cast upon a negative sense towards Oldspeak to Winston. He does so when he claims ”if you want a stronger version of “good”, what sense is there in having a whole string of vague useless words like “excellent” and “splendid”” (Orwell 1). By expressing Oldspeak as having “useless” and “vague” terms, Syme aims for Winston to develop a negative feeling towards the language. In attempts to convince Winston of the beauty in destroying language, through his use of negative diction, he intends for Winston to feel it is adverse and unworthy, therefore it should be destroyed.
By definition, a satire is “a literary work holding up human vices and follies to ridicule or scorn.” (Merriam-Webster) Both of these authors use this satirical idea to express their views on the issues the novels concern. Vonnegut’s Cat’s Cradle is a satire written about a fictional religion and the humanistic side of the atomic bomb. Bokononism focuses itself around humanity and technology instead of one central force that religion usually relies on. One of the opening statements of the novel that introduces you to what the atmosphere is, “All of the true things I am about to tell you are shameless lies.” (Vonnegut pg. 5) This paradoxical statement announces the overall satirical tone of the novel.
Then, once aesthetic value is mentioned, it is undoubtedly that sublimity in aesthetic pleasure becomes a key point. This research attempts to study the concrete antihero images of some tragically characters and analyzing sublime theory of past ages, so as to probe into the sense
In the excerpt of Ralph Waldo Emerson’s essay, “Self-Reliance,” 1841, his purpose is made manifest with mocking metaphors, and creates a candid tone. These components Emerson implements add up to the idea that, “to be great is to be misunderstood.” Emerson starts off this excerpt with “the conviction that envy is ignorance; that imitation is suicide…” These are such concrete metaphors that present a loaded concept. It seems Emerson believes envy is selfish, or even offensive. To be envious is asinine. An individual can acquire anything through hard work and perseverance.