It upholds over-optimistic assumptions about individual rationality and thus prioritizes the individual over society. As a direct response to the Industrial revolution, most believe that a society is more than the sum of its individual members and liberalism became the ideology of the bourgeoisie. Socialism is a political philosophy developed by Karl Marx that advocates that the means of production should be owned and regulated by the community as a whole. It is founded on the basis that few elites share all the wealth and that capitalism is a threat to the individual reaching his highest potential. Socialism incorporates social justice and class-consciousness into the ruling system as it declares that goods should be distributed on the basis of need.
This paper will provide an overview of alienation and its various forms, and show how they are demonstrated in the film, where two types of alienation stand out in particular. Following this, a modern example of alienation through social media will be put forth and discussed in relation to Marx 's ideas. In the capitalist mode of production, people are generally divided into two classes: those who own the capital and therefore own the means of production (the "bourgeoisie"), and those who do not (the "proletariat") (Sackrey & Schneider, n.d.). The latter group sell their labour to the former in exchange for wages. This labour is what drives production and creates profit for the bourgeoisie.
Capitalism was materialized holding the primary assumption of the free market economy of Adam Smith. Besides, it is a system committed to uphold the economic and political power of the dominant group of the society over the other. In light of this the social institutions such as the family, the religious institutions, and schools seem formed to strengthen the class structure of the system. However, the employees mistreatment and the unfair leader and led relationships help recognize the purpose of
Merton recognised 'Conformity ' and adherence to cultural goals and values as the most primary reason for prevailing unsanctioned economic activities and crime. The phenomena that Merton 's theory indicates towards can be successfully explained with the help of an example of how people achieve or strive to achieve economic success. For instance, in the U.S which has a capitalist system, everybody is motivated to attain financial profitability for a greater sense of positive identity. There are two legally approved ways of accomplishing this task, education and work. However, not everyone may have access to equal opportunities because of brokered access or discrimination on the basis of class, gender, race, sexuality etc.
Again as different from Psychoanalysis, false consciousness in the individual is the result of economic ordering rather than the working of libidinal forces and the unconscious mind. History for Marx is site of continual conflict, a conflict of domination and subordination. What creates false consciousness and victimises the poor is ideology. Ideology articulates the ruling ideas of the society and transforms those ideas into common ideas of the society. Ideology is a strategy of universalizing and naturalizing the ideology of the rich and the aristocratic.
Writings of Karl Marx had formed the theoretical basis for communism and the continual debate against capitalism. Marx understood capitalism to be a system in which the means of production are privately owned and profit is generated by the sale of the proletariat’s labour. He considered it to be an unfair exploitation of hard work with alienated social interactions and purpose. I agree with Marx that capitalism is indeed unfair and alienating, because it concentrates wealth within a small group of people by exploiting the surplus value of workers’ labour, and creates an alienated workforce. Hence, this essay will first discuss the relevance of Marx’s perception of capitalism as an alienating and unfair system for the contemporary world, before
Power is one of the most fundamental and yet problematic sociological concepts with several distinctive conceptualizations by different theorists, ranging from traditional to contemporary perspectives The cornerstone of Marxist notion of power is that power lies within the hands of the ruling class, the bourgeois who own the means of production and power is being used to control and exploit the working class, the proletariats. In contrast to Marxist idea, Bourdieu posited that the ownership over the means of production alone does not determine how power is positioned and reproduced in the society. Bourdieu further asserted that besides economic forces, cultural and symbolic systems are also important factors, which are necessary in maintaining
In Gramsci’s (1937) cultural hegemony, he describes the way cultural institutions manage to gain and maintain power in capitalist societies. According to Gramsci’s point of view, the dominant classes see to incorporate all thought and behavior within their own terms and conditions, acting as if their values are common-sense. On the other side there are the dominated ones who try to create and maintain their own definitions of reality. Understanding these two scenarios, we see that there is a continued fight for dominance to understand which ideology of reality best serve the interests of the ruling class and those who are under their influence. In this aspect, culture takes a more vigorous position, because cultural domination comes
Depending on who you ask, you may get different responses to capitalism. A socialist or communist will more than likely condemn it, whereas a capitalist will praise its values. However, ask all three the question is capitalism exploitive and they will say yes. It is a well-known fact that exploitation is one of the main features of capitalism. This is evident throughout history, where the people at the top exploited the labourers to make a better profit.
Given the power of the state machine, it would be hard to believe that it could always be simply a tool for the economically dominant minority in a society. Given its structure and powers, it can use them to further its own interests. Indeed, in some circumstances it can be the ruling class itself. Many and many sectors fight for domination or individual profit.Given that the role of the state is to ensure the best conditions for capital as a whole, this means that, when necessary, it can and does work against the interests of certain parts of the capitalist class. .