Charlie Parker, who was also simply known as Bird, introduced many new concepts and ideas while developing Bebop. He performed all chord substitutions and rapid tempos in his pieces with his sextet. One of the things Parker was famous for was contrafact, which in jazz means taking a known harmonic texture and composing onto it. Miles Davis was one of the most notable American jazz trumpeter, musician bandleader and developer of Bebop and other genres within Jazz. Miles Davis mostly used a harmony mute on his trumpet to create a lounge like sound in his music.
These performances are constructed by the norms within the fan culture. The cultural works within the fandom are treated as cultural artifacts that asserted the fan’s identity. “Fans of a popular television series [and/or film] may sample dialogue, summarize episodes, debate subtexts, create original fan fiction, record their own soundtracks, and make their own movies” (Jenkins, 2004, 34). The variety of these media and cultural texts produced and may be produced from the participative fandom culture as a new form of cultural artifacts also contributes to the fan’s
Blues music has evolved greatly later on in the 20th century, and was a stylistic origin for nearly every popular music genre created in the first half of the century. Jazz Another musical genre that went popular in the early 20th century was Jazz music. The genre took both the African-American Blues, and the European Classical music, and merged those into a vivid yet rather simple style, which is still very difficult to define in its
The form seen in both of these songs is ritornello form, which is a form commonly seen in Baroque music. In jazz music, the beginning melody is referred to as the ‘head’ while the opening idea in ritornello form resembles this stage in the music. In ritornello form, this opening melody is returned to throughout the song in different keys with new ideas in between them, and ritornello form normally ends with the opening statement. (2) Similarly, in jazz the 'head ' is heard at both the beginning and end of the piece as well as in between the improvised sections of the piece. 'So What ' is built around a 32 bar structure with the first 16 bars in D minor with Dmin7 chords, 8 bars with Eb7 chords and a final 8 bars in Dmin7.
Bhangra came about when the new state of Punjab needed an identity, and this took place through dance. It underwent a transition from rural to urban, where bhangra teams would perform in national parades and Bollywood films. Farrell believes that when the gramophone came about in India around 1906, the music was moulded to fit Western ways of marketing (Farrell 1997, 113). Typical characteristics of Western Bhangra, then, include alternating choruses and verses, calls, an eight beat kaharva rhythm, and pieces that last for 5-6 minutes. The harmonium is often replaced by an electric keyboard, and sometimes mimics the sound of a toombi (one stringed instrument).
Bossa nova can flow in the American market as an impressive success history (Green 2012). It is a common part of high school jazz. Nevertheless, bossa nova is far from the American tradition but it was introduced to American musicians in 1960s (Bossa Nova 2005). It tends to be the rising of the cool wave from Brazil in the style of cool jazz. It shows how influence for a musical style developed in a peripheral country as Brazil was introduced in a large and central market place as the American (New World Encyclopedia).
When musicians engage in collective improvisation, they usually have some sort of frame of reference from which to base their playing off of. In jazz slang, this frame of reference is known as a “standard”. In popular music it is typically uncommon to have one song played and recorded by countless bands and for each recording to be unique in its own way, but somehow jazz musicians find a way to play the same song again and again, for decades. Take for example, the popular jazz standard “Autumn Leaves”. Ever since the year of its composition in 1945, jazz musicians have been playing and recording covers of this iconic piece.
** • Jazz music was part of the popular minstrel shows and vaudeville shows, both of which introduced the music to wider audiences. • Scott Joplin bought jazz into homes all over the country, and the Ragtime craze was on. It really caught on in New Orleans allowing Jazz to flourish due to its less rigid social backgrounds. New Orleans became the first true jazz centre. • This encouraged the popularity and growth of jazz music.
A prime example of this is how the University of Virginia offers a course in which listen to the songs and view the music videos of Lady Gaga. Surprisingly, this is not meant for entertainment. The course is coined 'GaGa for Gaga: Sex, Gender and Identity ', and covers the title topics while examining the enigmatic performer 's influence in culture. Other courses offered include 'Popular Entertainments, ' 'Youth in Popular Culture, ' 'Black Popular Culture ' and 'Contexts of Popular Music’ (Fehlen). These topics primarily link with academics currently throughout, such as racism, youth