Throughout different countries there are different cultures, but do we actually know the definition of culture? Mifflin states that culture is “the total of the inherited ideas, beliefs, values, and knowledge, which constitute the shared bases of social action” (Mifflin, 2005), meaning that a group of people come together with a total amount of ideas and traditions which are shared among them. Therefore, it links to humanity because if humans didn’t had any ideas, beliefs, morals, custom etc. there wouldn’t be no such thing as culture since it is everything that makes a person an entire way of living. The sociology text book states that “culture is both our link to the past and our guide to the future.” (John, 2010) Culture also have some common …show more content…
According to the text book norms are “rules and expectations by which a society guides the behaviour of its members.” (John, 2010) It states that there are formal norms called “mores” and informal norms called “folkway”. Mores refer to the standards of behaviour which are considered the most important in any society, while on the other hand folkways refer to the standards of behaviour that are considered less important but still influence by how they behave in that particular society. (John, 2010) Therefore, norms and values may be totally different from one culture to the next.
The book also states three theoretical analysis of culture. One would be the social-conflict analysis which “sees culture as a dynamic arena of inequality and conflict.” (John, 2010) It benefits a group of people while affecting others. For instance, this can be related to “crash” the part where the old, chine man is trafficking people (human trafficking) that benefits him and his wife but it affects the people who are harmed by his incident. (cheadle, et al., …show more content…
It is the concept of “right” or “wrong”, meaning that things that could be moral in a society can be immoral in another, but that doesn’t give the right to no one to judge them. (John, 2010) For instance, in the movie “Crash” after Jean Cabot is robbed she becomes very irrational and paranoid about everyone around her. She insists on getting the locks changed again because Daniel is of the Spanish race and has tattoos. Therefore, from his appearance she assumed that he was a gangbanger and would return to rob her house. (cheadle, et al., 2005) Some might not agree with them, but yet they should respect others beliefs and way of thinking. An example of cultural relativism would be homosexual. For instance we know that homosexuality have gotten out of the shelves, for them it is right what they are doing, men and men as well as women and women. However, for others that is totally wrong, they dislike to see it, especially in their society. For some cultures it is sin, for others it just not right, yet they need to respect others belief and ideas. They say it is sin because God made a man and a woman so that each of them have company and also they can reproduce and make a family, so that their gene can pass on. Homosexual people doesn’t see it that way. They have other point of view but they must be respected since no one has the right to judge one another. (John,
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Piedad Molina Professor Ana Hernandez LIT 2480 October 7, 2015 Culture is the set of traditions, beliefs, and values, which are characteristic of a certain population. Each country or region has different parameters to determine their culture. The predominant values in the population, the language spoken, religious beliefs, and the way they dress; all these manners influence in the creation of a culture and what is autonomous of its region. Within a country we can find different cultures or ethnicities, social status, education and region make a population differ from another. The exchange of cultural ideas, beliefs, and values with the youngest members of the community make it possible for a culture to survive and to keep the legacy.
Our moral beliefs indicate the kind of environment or culture we grew up in. Therefore, if we were born in Somalia, we would believe that it is morally right to go through female circumcision as a rite of passage. However, if we grew up in the western world, then we would not believe in female circumcision. We can therefore see the relativist 's argument of cultural relativism in this case, because if cultural relativism exists, then naturally, morality will also be relative. Additionally, to support his stance, the relativist will also argue that tolerance comes into play when it comes to cultural relativism.
This is shown in “A Defense of Ethical Relativism” where Ruth Benedict gives examples of different circumstances. However, as shown in the example of the eskimo female newborns and male eskimos those who believe in Cultural Relativism seem to get morals, and cultural distinctions confused. These tribal people have different ways of dealing with their relatives, one being no right than the
Words Bank: To Give Definition and Example Norms are general expected behaviors in the society. In general, people perceive norms as appropriateness and individuals’ code of conduct in all social situations. For an example of a classroom scenario: Benjamin wants to share his opinion to the class. First, he will raise-up his hand. Then, he will wait until his teacher gives him the permission to speak.
Culture is the behaviors beliefs and characteristics of a particular social ethnic age group. That means you have many different cultures like family culture, friend culture, and interest culture like music culture do you think any of these cultures affect how you view the world? Well, culture affects how we view things entirely because our cultures helps us define our moral senses. For example culture, ‘A’ and culture ‘B’ will clash on their moral senses because culture ‘A’ could believe they are doing something right and culture ‘B’ is doing it the wrong way and visa versa with culture ‘B’ so your moral sense would be affected by the culture.
According Ballentine and Roberts (2015:81) culture consists “of ideas and “things” that are passed on from one generation to the next in a society-the knowledge, beliefs, values, rules or laws, language, customs, symbols, and material products (such as food, houses, and transportation) that help meet human needs. Culture provides guidelines for living” Ferrante (2011:60) defined culture as “way of life of a people, more specifically the human strategies created for adjusting to the environment and to those creatures including humans that are part of that environment”. In other words culture refers to the inclusion of both material and nonmaterial components that provide guidelines for the member’s behaviour. Learning and understanding our culture puts our social world in an understandable framework, providing a tool that we can use to
They are values put into action and are expectations of behaviour. They provide a guideline of how to behave in a situation. These are usually unwritten, conditional and change over time. There are two types of norms-mores and folkways. Mores are more central and have great moral significance whereas folkways are norms for routine behaviours.
Culture is a very vast and complicated term. As a result, it is extremely difficult to provide an all encompassing definition. In layman terms, culture is used to refer to symbolic markers used by societies to differentiate and distinguish themselves from other societies. These symbolic markers range from religion to customs and traditions to something as basic as language and clothes. Basically culture is a way of living.
Every society has its own unique cultures in which people will have different ideas of moral codes. The diversity of these cultures cannot be said to be correct or incorrect. Every society has independent standards of ethic within their society and these standards are culture-bound. Cultural Relativism has a perception in which rightness or wrongness of an action depends entirely within the bounds of the culture. This theory opposes the belief in the objectivity of moral truth.
In other words, “right” or “wrong” are culture specific, what is considered moral in one society may be considered immoral in another, and, since no universal standard of morality that exist, no one has the right to judge another societies custom (Ess, 2009). Cultural Relativism is closely related to ethical relativism, which views truth as variable and not absolute. What makes up right and wrong is determined solely by individual or the society (Ess, 2009). Since the truth is not object, there can be no standards which applies to all cultures.
Culture is the way of life. Culture is generally the beliefs, behaviors, practices, and artifacts a social group shares with each other through commonality. This is rather interchanged with “society” which is difference because society talks about the people who share a common territory or definable region and culture. Culture will not exists without a society, and neither would society exists without culture. Culture consists of two types: material culture, the tangible objects that may be used as symbols to cultural ideas or belongings to society, and nonmaterial culture, the ideas and attitudes of a society, of which both types are linked to each other.
Culture is defined by characteristics that are shared by a group of people. It is usually represented by language, religion, cuisine, traditional clothes, music, arts, and is dependent on social habits. Therefore, culture plays a major role in an individual’s perspective of life and his/her personality. Cultures have differed than each other, depending on the places they were established in, the way of survival people pursued to acclimate with different circumstances, and how they shared their experiences with each other.
As of today, a lot of people believe that there should be a ban on guns. However, a lot of people think we should be able to bear arms because of what the constitution states. A cultural relativist would not be able to have an opinion on this and wouldn’t be able to criticize the gun laws in the United States. Another example would be abortion. In the United States abortion is known when a pregnancy is ended, so that it doesn't result in the birth of a child.
(Luco, Week 3 Notes, p.9) Cultural Relativism is simply a combination of the following three theses: 1. The only criterion of moral truth or falsehood is the moral code of a cultural group. 2. A moral claim is true, relative to a culture’s moral code, if and only if the claim is generally accepted within that cultural