If we were to say that a custom was correct or not, it wouldn’t be true in terms of Cultural Relativism due to us using our own culture to judge and that doesn’t take into consideration of other cultures. Realizing that different cultures have different moral codes is respectful and allows people to potentially take in a new way of life. It is interesting to think that cultures could eventually adapt to having an overarching moral truth, because of living in a more globalized world. Building on the belief that different cultures have different moral codes, the moral code of a society determines what is right. This is also a key tenet of cultural
Cultural relativists ' interpretation of human rights is the second challenge to the universality of human rights. Cultural relativists ' interpretations of human rights depend on cultural perspectives. So, this means that cultures differ in how they interpret human rights and what they consider to be violations of these rights. It is not possible to allow for major differences in the interpretation of human rights standards if they threaten individuals at all. Here, cultural relativism is under fire because of its divergent interpretations which can be easily abused and misinterpreted.
In contrast with the previous type, the characteristics of his culture are inclined to be indirect and emotional. According to the Hofstede's framework, this culture can be listed as a collective one, so the reactions during negotiating may depends significantly on the person's position in that society. For example, when negotiating with someone in higher place, the representative should react based on the other and control his/ her negative feelings like anger and disapproval. Instead of that, "the more emotional the appeal the more likely it is to be persuasive." (Brett, 2014: 101) In these countries, people also avoid eyes contacts since it may cause embarrassments and unformal gestures when the relationship between the parties is not close.
Factors such as failure of production, drought, and the failure of governments to serve the society they are meant to serve based on their contract and instead neglect particular ethnic group politically and economically as well as encroachment and the resultant competition over resources by neighboring ethnic groups may cause varying degree of conflicts. In addition to resources or power conflict between two or more ethnic groups’ ethno political disputes can also take place to protect their culture, group status, and identity against one another which are mostly non-negotiable at ethnic level (Pearson, 2001). It is in cognizant of the effect of ethicizing conflicts that Messay argues “ethnicity is a strong social force that must be properly considered and managed in order to obliterate its destructive roles in politics” (Messay 2001: 283). According to Balcha (2008), ethnic plurality would lead to conflict multiplication if it is not carefully approached and properly treated and its adverse effect will worse when the elites play a key role in the creation of ethnic ideology as a means to their political
Females, children and old people. • Inspite of demanding right, these societies are prefer to perform duty. Within this framework, values such as preferring the community over the individual, respect for authority and filial duty are sharply in contrast with Western values such as individualism and materialism. As the values differ in both the societies so the different perceptions and meaning of human rights in these two societies. So western liberal thinking is in favor of absolute individual, political and civil rights while non-western, third
Kris Kosaka maintains that “Japan’s reputation as a nation of the group versus the individual is used as a convenient explanation for many things Western dislike about Japan”. The reason is because Western countries have independence, unlike Japan. Groupthink has been a bad influence for Japanese people to believe that group is more important than independence and a bad image of Japan from the outsiders. Japanese people need to avoid groupthink and have more independence in order to solve problems that often occur in Japan. Independence is essential to stop bullying, which is a huge problem in Japan.
They came up with contradicting conclusions about morality. One of it was their stand about moral rules in the way which different communities also govern its people in different ways. For me, an example of which is that (The way how ‘community X’ govern its people is way too different with the way how ‘community Y’ govern its peo-ple; therefore the way how ‘community X’ govern its people is not and will never be applicable in the ‘community Y’). Sophists also believe that moral rules are unnatural because the Sophists noticed that people only obey the moral rules for the fact that they can only be judged afterwards if they would not follow it. My example for this theory is that: (The government said that piracy is a crime and that people must not commit this mistake, meanwhile, some people doesn’t really want to obey it but because of the fact that they would be put into jail for this crime then they would come up with the decision to just follow the moral rule, morality in this sense is really unnatural.)
Although one comportment or disorder might be regarded as norm in one culture, it could be regarded as abnormal in another culture, and thus making therapy less equal in altered populations. Counselors must take into justification every culture, otherwise they are unwitting and are under culture coercion. Unfortunately, individuals come with bias and pre-conceived concepts. These biases and pre-conceived concepts generally impinge on treatment and therapy, because when working with culturally diverse populaces heedless of their beliefs and values, the outcomes of therapy are ineffective. Those who are attentive in the study of multiculturalism have even defined counselors negatively in the sense of treatment by calling them impervious to the beliefs and values of their culturally distinctive clients.
In answer to his question by saying (Tribal life is superstitious. We need to their development what is happening ill effect of them and contact withoutside world.It’s is Ethonocetricisim tribal life have to preserve and identity .but their development should not come under identity cost. This come under integration. That one thing save a certainty the tribal life having its own Characteristics is happier in main ways then our own and this marks the beginning of policy of
Humans affect the change of culture. so culture is always changing and the demands on his time are appropriate changes from the community itself along with the advancement of technology in the era of globalization. All the impact of positive and negative impact of the influx of foreign culture in Indonesia depends on how we select the foreign culture. Depletion of national cultural pride should be scrutiny because it would erode cultural values which have since long been a hallmark of us. The importance of the role of the community and the Government in maintaining Indonesia's cultural values so as not to be affected by the negative nature of a foreign