The article, “Cultural Relativist and Feminist Critiques of International Human Rights – Friends or Foes?” by Oonagh Reitman seeks to address how cultural relativist and feminist sees the existence of the international human rights, specifically women’s human rights. The research problem being addressed is the similarities between these two critiques of international human rights and how these two critiques have come to defy one another when it comes to the term of women’s international human rights. The author has made it clear that this is a debatable issue. The cultural relativist argued on the universality of human rights, which contradicts with the statement that human rights are those held simply by virtue of being human and whose substance, form and interpretation are not subject to variations in culture (Donnelly 1989: 109-110). Cultural relativist uphold that culture is the principle source of any rights or rules, they argued that the existence of women’s human rights cannot be universally applied.
I believe that the critical lens that provides modern society with the most compelling view of literature is Feminist Criticism because it analyzes distrust and disloyalty among relationships, women being treated as possessions and shows the representation of powerful women. Modern society would analyze literature using a feminist perspective because most literature analyzes the relationship between genders and the powerful influence and meaning it has to the readers life. Othello is a great play to analyze with many different types of literature criticisms, but Feminist Criticism analyzes the plot and the main characters situation most. It is still so common to see many of the points presented in the book till this day, men believing that they are stronger than women and treating them as inferior. Even so women are trying to make their voice be heard and demonstrating everyday the vital impact they have in society.
But in truth what makes Mrs. Stanton credible is the pragmatic standpoints she adopts when she addresses the growing issues that women face in the United States. The author states “We need not to prove our muscular power equal to this same to Irishman [...] of twenty-one has all the civil rights of the Irishman” (Stanton 1). By stating similar points like this throughout her essay, it forms a general connection to the audience. As a result of achieving this connection this helps Mrs. Stanton further receive
As she elaborates on her idea of how women should be displayed she refers to a book called The Body Project, an intimate history of girls by Joan Jacobs Brumberg to gain credibility and build up her argument, that way the audience will realize that there is a problem that is occurring. Lipkin agrees with Joan’s idea of how girls body parts have become a “project” to fix and mold. By having Brumberg’s opinion in the essay and Lipkin elaborating on those ideas it shows that Lipkin has a concerned attitude and allows her tone to be consistent throughout her entire essay. Lipkin also uses rhetorical strategies that are blended together to support her evidence the strategies used are ethos, pathos, and
The anecdotes also provide ethos by establishing credibility. If she has faced the dangers of her own single story, then she has the authority to speak about the subject. Her life stories then become evidence that contributes to the logos of the speech and proves the genuine dangers of a single story. This danger is also made real through Adichie 's use of literary allusions. Adichie references authors from the 16th century all the way to present day.
As long as feminism considers women a well-defined category that's universally identifiable... it undermines its ability to represent women. Then reader approaches the theory of Sex versus Gender Feminism often splits the unity of women when it splits the idea of sex and gender. This distinction was first used to undermine the idea of "biology-as-destiny." But, if this distinction is pushed too far, then the idea of gender becomes disconnected from the body - and one never will understand the process of how sex and gender are socially assigned. Maybe sex is a gendered
This indicates to us the large-scale influence that the book held on culture and society, the work provoking women into considering their selfhood and positions, even being referred to as “a catalyst for change" by modern day feminist Eleanor Smeal. Additionally, another example was the feminist magazine Spare Rib, which provided readers with a critical analysis of sexual oppression as well as other relevant concepts; the magazine confronting issues and dilemmas
The opposing beliefs against feminism raises question on truly what each gender is required to do and who decides these rules. While several justify antifeminist motives with religious text, several believe that we must conform to society. But it is the people themselves that collectively make a society whole; it is the people that decide what is deviant in society and what is a norm in society. Thus, the argument that feminism is a threat to American culture is rebutted by the concept of society
“Cultural Relativist and Feminist Critique of International Human Rights- Friends or Foes?” The journal, “Cultural Relativist and Feminist Critique of International Human Rights- Friends or Foes?” by Oonagh Reitman have the aim to know deeper about the two critiques towards the universal Human Rights by the two major theory, which are the Cultural Relativism and Feminism, how they see the universal Human Rights theory. The Journal address for the workshop discussion matter regarding to the similarities on critique of International human rights that made by the Cultural relativist and the feminist. “ Human Rights is the right that given and held by human simply because they are human, and it does not classified nor held by certain groups or not the subject to variation in culture”(Donnelly 1989: 109-110) From the introduction in the journal, the writer defines how the feminist and the cultural relativist express their idea of Universal human rights. The idea of Universal human rights from Donnelly were being reserve by Relativist, they argue that the human rights itself root from culture and due to the variation of culture, making the human rights not universal. While in the other hand the feminist argue that universal human rights subjecting man as their concern, while woman are being discriminated and given low priority in the
The theory focuses on explaining why women are oppressed and highlights ways states can be deconstructed to equally represent women nationally and internationally. First of all, it is essential to establish the understanding that Feminist theory is constructed from what is known as core international relations feminism, and the four-variant feminist international relations: liberal feminism, critical feminism, postcolonial feminism, and post-structural feminism, these theories branches off of the core theory. Each theory applies a different understanding to how feminism might be applied to certain fields and situations; like how feminism might be applied to an international situation like the Arab Spring. Therefore, understanding core feminist theory is essential to understanding feminism as a whole. As well, majority of the current international relation theories are masculine in nature, feminism is a political tool that struggles to free all women from the oppressive nature of patriarchy.