Confucianism publicizes the rite so much that it restrains the nature of people. That is why many people rejected the Confucianism during the May 4th Movement. There is no kind of religion that is perfect. Only if we can live an ideal life that obey the law and ethic, the religion is meaningful to us. In summary, Confucianism or Taoism in China is a faith substituting the place for religions in other countries.
These teachings are the reflection that a person in the Chinese society might experience today. With these three teachings, there must be a balanced view of the opposite concepts of all three schools on thoughts (Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism in China, 2011). For example, Buddhism, stresses on the nature of the mind and psychology; Daoism teaches on the human body and the health, and Confucianism, teaches on political concepts in social harmony (Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism in China, 2011). The “two distinctive traits that characterized early Chinese religion and continue to influence Chinese beliefs and practices to this day: the alliance of the political community with religion, and the reliance on divination” (Corduan, 2012, p. 391-392). Corduan states that the “intertwining of society and religion are significant for two reasons” (Corduan, 2012, p. 392).
Linguistics ‘Politeness is considered to be a universal feature of language but it’s pragmatic, linguistic, social, intentional, and conceptual realisations vary considerably across different languages and/or cultures.’ Brief outline of Confucianism - When discussing the topic of politeness in Chinese culture it is important to address the concept of Confucianism and the role that it played in forming what Chinese culture is today. Confucianism can be defined as a way of life that was first established by Confucius in the 6th–5th century BCE. Confucianism is a western term used to describe the set of values propagated by Confucius himself, this set of rules and values have been the foundations of Chinese society for over two millennia; this
Confucian thoughts have been the most basic mainstream value of the common people of the Han nationality and other nationalities in China all through the ages. The basic values of Confucian thoughts of “5 key relationships: ruler and subordinate, wife and husband, older and younger sibling, friend and friend, and father and son” are the basic rules of consciousness for the daily conduct of most of Chinese people all the time. Social harmony results in part from every individual knowing own place in the natural order, and playing own part well. Particular duties arise from one 's particular situation in relation to others. The individual stands simultaneously in several different relationships with different people: as a junior in relation to parents and elders, and as a senior in relation to younger siblings, students, and others.
The civil service examination system, which were central to confucian teachings, was present in both the Tang and Song dynasty. Therefore, only the most high ranking officials were scholars who mastered Confucianism the best. The emperor was recognized as the Son of God. According to Confucian teachings, the ruler of the people should be honorable while the citizens should be respectful and obedient in return, but that was not the case. “In reality, however, the system was heavily biased toward the authorities (Littleton 114).” This being a cause that led to the Tang Dynasty follow Buddhism.
Similarities and Differences between Confucianism and Daoism Doaism and Confucianism are the top two ancient styles of living in China, where they both originated in 550 B.C.E (before common era). I believe that Daoism and Confucianism are both the top religions/styles of living in Ancient China, while they have some similarities they are much more different than they are similar. Both are not only ways of living but, they are a way of life. Confucianism is the belief in setting good examples for other people to follow. They are based off of the five key relationships of the ancient chinese society.
Confucianism is an ethical and philosophical system, on occasion described as a religion, developed from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius .It has a monumental impact upon the life, social structure, and political philosophy of China for more than 2500 years. Confucius (/kənˈfjuːʃəs/; 551–479 BC) was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history. My view on Confucianism Positive side There are five constant virtues in Confucianism: benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom and fidelity, as specified in the feudal ethical code. I think this is the ancient wisdom which can be adopted as the rule of behavior both in ancient and modern world. I know these five
In essence, contemporary Chinese families with conservative perspectives towards a wide spectrum of issues remain adamant that marriages are primarily to foster procreations and ensure the continuance of the paternal bloodline (Wang, Kok and Chuang 2008), instead of being an authentic manifestation of genuine romance (Wang 2016). As a consequence, not only that the Chinese have been constrained by an authoritarian form of parental conviction in the selection of spouses (), but also various marriage steps, especially dowry negotiations and the settings of wedding ceremonies, have been arranged beyond the arguments of the engaged couples. In fact, parental intervention of the custom can be justified with two beliefs of cultural importance. Firstly, while questionable marital partnership may jeopardise the reputation of a family within a community, the selection of a new family member (husband or wife) remains regarded as a decision of familial importance to the Chinese family institution as a collective even in contemporary society (Zang 2008). Moreover, the deeply assimilated Confucius concept of family relations – particularly the inculcation of filial piety that is still ubiquitous in Chinese families – means that conformity to parental decisions remains a heavily promulgated virtue across the entire ethnic (Deutsch 2006).
Chinese traditional art has its own artistic system. The typical Chinese philosophy of “harmony between man and nature” has great influence on art as Mr. Li Zehou once said “ Chinese ancient philosophers firmly believed that the nature of the world and human society is the harmony, which is the highest level of beauty. This is a plain but provoking thought.” As a part of traditional eastern culture, Chinese traditional art embodies the unique aesthetic idea and cultural symbols. The earlier generations of artists have made numerous designs with national features and originality. The list is endless, from the palaces and pavilions to furniture, decoration and ornaments, to calligraphy and paintings, which reflect this aesthetic idea referred to as the highest spirit inheriting and reflecting the highest state of Chinese
Culture of China Culture can be defined as the quality in a person or society that arises from a concern for what is regarded as excellent in arts, letters, manners, scholarly pursuits, etc. It is also known as a particular form or stage of civilization, as that of a certain nation or period. Culture also defines the development of behaviors and beliefs of a society. With over five thousand years of history, China can be considered having one of the world's oldest cultures. Chinese cultural history has vast diversity and variety.