Cultural Theory Of Transnationalism

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‘Transnationalism’ is a social phenomenon which grown out of the heightened interconnectivity between people and the economic and social significance of boundaries among nation states. Transnationalism as a concept has grown out of the recognition because though migrants do not necessarily substitute old homes for new in a straightforward way, but they often create active social fields between the two. These social fields involve various forms of movement, communication and long distance participation. The term was popularised in the 20th century by writer Randolph Bourne to describe ‘a new way of thinking about relationship between cultures”. Transnationalism broadly refers to various bonds and interactions which link people or institutions…show more content…
Diverse practices of migrants can be described through different ‘modes of transformation’ which are: perceptual transformation in the socio-cultural domain, conceptual transformation in the political domain and institutional transformation in the economic domain. These modes of transformation and forms of transnationalism are interrelated and overlapping. The engagement in transnational practices re-establishes the life style and values of migrants. This ‘habitus’ (refers to the lifestyle, values, dispositions and expectations of particular social groups that are acquired through the activities and experiences of everyday life) is transformed through several types of socio-cultural engagement (Morell, 16). These socio-cultural engagements take place primarily within the framework of families and secondly through communities which are linked by some commonality of culture. The literature describes migrants as living between two cultures and sometimes as not accepted by any of the culture. The most important aspect of transnationalism is not that it survives in an isolated socio-cultural space which is half of native culture and half of foreign culture, but the most important of its aspect is that it is an indication of multiple sources which helps in constituting the life style and values of…show more content…
Transnationalism as a social form is the ‘triadic relationship’ between globally dispersed yet collectively self-identified ethnic groups, the territorial states and context where such groups reside and the homeland states and contexts where they or their forebears came (Vertovec, 03). Transnationalism as a social morphology can be analysed through the structures of relationships that can be best described as networks. New technologies are at the heart of today’s transnational networks. Although these technologies do not create new social patterns but they re-establish the existing social patterns. These highly active networks are transforming many kinds of social, cultural, economic and political relationships. In these ways the dispersed Diasporas of yesterday have become today’s ‘transnational communities’ which are sustained through distinctive modes of social organisation, mobility and

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