Cultural Factors: Culture element refers to the beliefs, values, and views shared in a society. Every society has a culture and to what extent cultural factors influence consumer behavior is varied from society to society. No matter how different cultures are, it is the most basic influence on a person’s behavior. In addition, culture acts as a guideline for identifying acceptable products, services, and behaviors (Wilkie, 1994, 20.). Each culture group contains smaller subcultures, which are groups of people who share a particular value system or behavior.
Family visits to the cultural places and interest in cultural activities build cultural values and their education level raise intellectual level of their children that leads to the strong cultural values. By the passage of time embodied cultural capital converts into cultural habits one posse. (Bourdieu, 1986) It becomes a way of thinking, acting and interacting with people from unknown regions of world. Embodied cultural control controls the degree of trust one can put in others even in virtual environment. As it supposes it can be applicable in online privacy concerns as people adapts and get acclimatized with certain social networks and hence becomes part and passel of them, not putting much of data security as major concern, as far as they derive pleasure in what they get from the
Once any value is taught and learned it becomes integrated as part of routinely priority. Value systems change eventually based on culture changes or even personal experiences. Some definitions also suggest that culture extends attention to communal patterns of thinking based on values; which defines culture as a patterned way of thinking, reacting, and feeling transmitted by symbols which may include human group’s accomplishments. Also focusing on patterns of thinking and values, idiosyncratic culture was examined which was defined as a characteristic way a group perceives a part of the environment which is man-made. Configurations of thinking based on values define culture as the programming collective mind which distinguishes members of separate groups from one another.
Ritual is one of the key concepts in the sociology of religion. Emile Durkheim (1965) posited a relationship between ritual behavior and the adherence to social order, putting collective veneration of the sacred at the heart of his theory of social solidarity. Ritual, organized around sacred objects as its focal point and organized into cultic practice, was for Durkheim the fundamental source of the “collective conscience” that provides individuals with meaning and binds them into a community. Participation in rites integrates the individual into a social order both in one’s “day-to-day relationships of life” and in those celebrations of the collective “which bind [one] to the social entity as a whole.” Veneration of an object held to
Societies each differ in the types of religious practices they have, there is a variation in how people relate with the supernatural. Many of the interactions people relate to with each other are highly ritualized. Rituals are recurring sets of behaviors that happen in the same patterns every time they take place. Almost all rituals do not have empirical connection between the means of them and the desired end; therefore, rituals are known as irrational acts. Rituals have experienced a retreat from the leading positions of anthropological thoughts.
(11) On the other hand the environment of store can also provide mood of consumer through the setting, lighting and the services. Someone in a good mood is going to buy more and better things (Walters. C,1989). Socio-Cultural Influences Culture as the sum total of learned beliefs, values and consumes that serve to direct the consumer behavior of members of a particular society. (Monie) Fashion and clothing closely related to the cultural context in which they are made.
Culture rules each aspect of life, including beliefs, customs, laws, morals, art knowledge and peoples' capabilities. It consists of precise and implicit patterns of behavior which are acquired and conveyed by symbols, composed of distinct achievements of the society (Milne, 2010). Culture enables members to associate with others without necessarily negotiating the meaning of their actions. It is a system of shared values and behaviors, although not homogenous; it enables people to act in a socially appropriate manner. Also, culture is learned from peers, institutions, and families but the fulfillment of individuals' needs varies cross-culturally (Bambery, 2014).
Herskovits, "Culture is Man made part of environment." lapier says, "Culture is the embodiment in customs,traditions of a social group over the generation." Characteristics of Culture 1. Culture is Learned Behaivour: Culture is not inborn but every individual learns it as he grow young in Society.culture is learned by each member of society during socialization i.e. the prosess throughwhich the individual learns to become human.
Cultural Competence Through an in-depth reading of many of the literature of international social work, we find it difficult to find a definition or a unified meaning of cultural competence, but nevertheless, I will try to shed light on the most important meanings of cultural competence concept. The concept of cultural competence began to appear in the literature in the United States in the 1980s Bartoli(20013, p 49) and was a reflection of the migration movement since the fifties of the last century and thus led to the migration of America to the emergence and growth of different ethnic and ethnic groups, which also led to the existence of different cultural, religious, linguistic and health needs increased of its complexity because of its experiences in displacement and violence in all its forms.
Culture is the way that people and different groups can define themselves in material and non-material ways. The book states that culture is “The language, beliefs, values, norms, behaviors, and even material things that are passed from one generation to the next. () People define culture in different ways. An culture identifying its ideas is the values. Values are aims and the general standard for assessing what is desirable and undesirable.