Previous problems might still be in effect. Likewise, any negative experience associated with the mental health specialist or the negative outcome of the treatment is most likely to influence the client’s attitude and cooperation toward both treatment and the therapist. Moreover, previous diagnosis and medication are essential data for the counseling process. Sometimes clients cannot name their previous diagnosis, and give details about past and current problems. Nevertheless, therapists can gain insight into the client’s mental health history by considering his/her medications and mental health report.
Psychosocial issues can be specific to a diagnosis of disability. It is important for the OT to be mindful of these for a client-centered approach to therapy. Many factors need to be taken into consideration when OT’s assess client’s with disabilities. The OT needs to address the challenges that a client may have that made add to psychosocial issues such as cultural and social factors. They should also be aware of the stages of adaptation to disabilities when selecting interventions.
Being culturally competent as a social worker is a requirement in the field. The National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Code of Ethics concludes, “Social workers should understand culture and its function in human behavior and society, recognizing the strengths that exist in all cultures” (2008). In the field, social workers encounter individuals of many different ethnic and diverse backgrounds. It is important for social workers to understand the cultural norms of any culture! The reason why is because having this knowledge helps the social worker bridge communication barriers with a foreign individual.
As with all professions when attempting to provide services to individuals it is imperative that ethical practices are being administered. Ethics are directly linked to self-awareness because they are the foundations that assist with behavioral cognitions (Pompeo & Levitt, 2014). Furthermore, self-reflection is also defined as the substance abuse counselor’s consciousness of their feelings, thoughts, reactions and personal values concerning the treatment surrounding
Alderian therapy is a method that may work well for Latino clients, as the approach forces on the person in a social context (2000). In Alderian therapy, counselors explores a persons social environment and cultural background and what it means to the client (2000). In doing this it allow the client to explore what their culture means to them and also to identify strengths they may not have seen before (2000). This method of counseling also emphasizes strengthening harmonious relationships, and may be a good way to help incorporate family relationships into the
Many ethnic groups are resistant to treatment due to mistrust of the system and stigma around mental health. The issue of trust should be brought up in the beginning of treatment in order for the client and family to feel comfortable and be more likely to disclose information. Therefore, the therapist should establish clear and effective boundaries to ensure the development of a safe therapeutic environment on which trusting relationship can be developed and provide psycho-education on mental health to avoid resistance to treatment (Harper & Steadman, 2003). It is also very important to establish a positive working alliance with the family system as defined by the client; they are the most important resources to the client and support system to help guide the client through the therapy process and for better success in
Sheila, Julie, Krystle, and Zaid, Interesting discussion about Culture and treatment, I agree that with some cultures it’s shameful for them to seek help outside a family member or someone from that same culture. A traumatic event is not an isolated event perceived equally by those who experience it. Rather, cultural values play an important role in making sense of a trauma within a particular cultural context.
Great points Seema, as per Giger (2013), nurse practitioners are expected to prepare to provide culturally fitting nursing care for their clients, regardless of cultural background. You are right in order to deliver appropriate nursing care they should know the important factors that affect person’s health and illness behaviors. Accurate cultural assessment can give an insight about behaviors that might otherwise be guessed negatively. If the cultural behaviors are not appropriately recognized, their significance will be confusing to the nurse. The main inspiration, for knowing culture is that culture is intertwined with an individual’s health beliefs, values, preferences and practices.
It is important to note that just with any style of counseling a client’s cultural background and values will affect rapport and other elements in the session. If a counselor is not of the same cultural background of the client there may need to be more discussion on the different values to make sure that the counselor is focusing on the client’s world view and what they think is important. Another barrier to Motivational Interviewing is its strong foundation in the use of language to facilitate change talk, because of this focus and importance on language, clients whose first language differs from the counselor’s may have different ways of expressing change and even resistance (Moyers, Houck, Glynn, Hallgren, & Manuel, 2017). Another aspect that could be seen by some as a limitation of Motivational Interviewing is the fact that it is a brief intervention that really focuses on reduction and going to additional or alternative treatment for Substance Use Disorder rather than actually being a standalone treatment
(Crystal DeBoise) They have to find a way to incorporate these values if they want to work effectively with their clients. The article states how the social work Code of Ethics has a set of values that they tie into the principles they practice within their program. It also goes in detail about these social work values and potential barriers to understanding and accepting them, as they relate to the survivors of human trafficking and sex
Those stories, which are more influential, have been found to explain one’s current behavior and how it impacts their lives. Narrative Therapists interpret the language, stories, and the way their clients define their experiences. The goal of narrative therapy is to remove destructive stories and replace them with
As a woman of color, I believe it is essential that I become aware of my own biases in order to help individuals that have different beliefs, values, and cultural practices. When I was done completing the “Multicultural Counseling Competencies: A Self Examination” assessment, I became aware of my strengths, weaknesses, and areas where I need to grow as a future college counselor. To begin with, I notice that I questioned myself continuously whether I take the time to evaluate the limits of my competency when helping a student from a different cultural heritage from mine.