Autonomy is defined as the freedom from external control or influence; independence. Ethically, it is the counselor's position to promote independent thinking and problem solving when appropriate. As a mental health counselor, one must promote self-determination so a client can take what they learned in session and apply those practices outside of the session. This is imperative when working with multicultural clients because the sessions should be based on the client's beliefs and personal courses of action to be able to obtain the independence needed for establishing self-direction.
A nurse is only truly competent if he or she can knowingly handle patients whose entire value system is different from his or her own but still manages to establish and maintain a therapeutic relationship that paves way for effective implementation of nursing actions. The delivery of care by the nurse who looks at the world through his or her own limited set of values can compromise the quality of care delivery for patients from other cultures. Being culturally sensitive allow nurses to recognize own biases and assumptions against a specific cultural.
One of the most integral parts of cultural competency is the process of successfully becoming culturally competent. After synthesizing available research on the topic I have constructed four main steps in becoming culturally competent. Those include self-awareness, understanding various aspects of the culturally diverse population for whom you care for, practice evidence based medicine as it relates to culturally diverse populations and continuing education (Kodjo, 2009; Purnell, 2012).
Often times today, people of other racial classes and ethnic groups are experiencing oppression as a marginalized group in society today. Racial biases and culture have become an important issue in mental health due to social constructs, racial stereotypes and racial ideology. As a result, they tend to have an impact human development, racial and cultural identity. Therefore, it has become necessary for counselors to indentify and become fully aware and competent in this area due to the changes our society has undergone in multiculturalism and globalization. Due to cultural diversity, identification of minority groups has led to major breakthrough in the field of multicultural counseling/ therapy (Sue &Sue,2014).
This article is very relevant to practitioners in the field of counseling. Multicultural concerns have been increasingly relevant as demographics change and continue to increase. Counselors are expected to develop a multicultural awareness of clients from cultures different within their own.
Although some rightfully argue that all counseling is cross-cultural, when working with clients who are from a different culture than one’s own, the schism is often great. Therefore, cross-cultural competence is a theme we will visit and revisit throughout this text, and I will offer a number of ways for you to lessen the gap between you and your client. One model that can help bridge the gap is D’Andrea and Daniela’s (2005) RESPECTFUL Counseling Model, which highlights ten factors that counselors should consider addressing with
This culture and the Australian Aboriginal culture have more similarities than differences regarding their cultural values and beliefs. One of the major similarity was the importance of transferring culture from generations through connecting culture in all aspects of life, such as traditional dances, where participation in such cultural traditions expressed one 's identity. In both these cultures, there are mainly three ways cultural wisdom have been passed onto younger generations, which are through family, society, and school. One such knowledge is the importance and benefits of a healthy lifestyle, emphasized through an individual 's diet and exercise (Crowe, Stanley, Probst & McMahon, 2017). These cultural values and traditions help
The bias associated with all three-assessment tools are; level of competency of the therapists assessing the test, the therapist selection of tools based on ease of administration and interpretation, and the patient’s response not answering the questions truthfully. Considerations for using these assessment tools with individuals from special/diverse populations, such as the client, must also be examined. Religious beliefs, and values, may be accustomed to the client’s lifestyle and habitation so it is vital that therapist’s prepare and learn about client’s cultural differences beforehand and provide the appropriate adaptations to intervention. Vi and the OT collaborated together and identified problems to set goals in self-care, productivity
Hispanic Immigrants are one of the most oppressed Hispanic groups in this country. Regardless of feeling oppressed in the United States, they usually had it worse in their native country. Pew Hispanic Research center conducted a survey asking people why they chose to immigrate to the United States 55 percent of those survey responded that they came to this country for economic opportunities. (Pew Hispanic Research) Upon arrival to the United States, immigrants all experience different changes or processes. Some people go through the process of assimilation which means that they let go of their culture of origin while incorporating norms and behaviors of the new culture. Others go through acculturation which allows them to integrate elements
Within the profession of occupational therapy, practitioners come across many individuals from varying backgrounds as clients or as teammates. For this purpose it is important to be culturally competent because it helps in treatment of individuals we may be working with regularly. In addition, being culturally competent helps prepare the OT practitioner for how mental health or other conditions are viewed in an individual's culture which will also impact the approach to treatment.
The solution to overcoming this barrier would be cultural competence training. Cultural competence training has shown great promise at improving the knowledge, attitudes, and skills of health professionals when it comes to working with diverse populations (Mareno, 2014). I find that it would be good for every organization to establish a generalized diversity training for all staff to take. This training could discuss that its okay to ask a patient about their cultural and how we as a care provider could better meet their needs. This training could also discuss the topic of being self-aware. That it is our responsibility as a health care professional not to push our culture on to other, to be non-judgmental, open to asking and understanding
In the personal growth path to be cultural competent in my perspective is the ability to achieve successful communication with individuals belonging to other cultures. Since I am currently in the vicinity contains multiple cultures, I have the opportunity
A small amount of Polish people came to the United States before the American Civil War, but most came afterwards (Pula, 1995, p. 1). They immigrated to America due to the occupation of foreign powers that sought after the destruction of the Polish language, tradition and culture (Pula, 1995, p. 1). The Polish was perceived as appalling due to the language and customs that they followed while living in the societies of Prussia, Russia and Austria which caused them to move to the United States. Moreover, the Polish people living in Poland along the Prussia line suffered from the same treatment along with confiscation of the properties that they owned (Lucille, 1951, p. 87). Also, once the Polish peasants were no longer enslaved under the higher classes, they knew it was beneficial to follow the capitalist economic changes. Therefore, many took the opportunity during much disorder to embrace the change for their community and family by moving abroad.
The vignette that I chose was number #5- Kong. Before meeting with the client I would do a little research on the cultural background and perhaps find some items that I could present as a sign of respect for this client. I would also do some research on the Buddhist beliefs for reference. While loss affects people in different ways, many experience similar symptoms when they’re grieving. It is to remember that almost anything that is experienced in the early stages of grief is normal—including feeling hopeless, alone, reality is no longer relevant or the questioning of one’s religious beliefs. Shock, disbelief, anger fear, physical symptoms are all signs that can accompany grief. In the case of Kong, each one needs to be
I feel that my education at the University of North Texas has prepared me for a career in social work because it gave me opportunities to branch out of my comfort zone and become familiar with multiple populations of people. Before entering the BSW Program at UNT I was set on working with the geriatric population. I had worked with geriatrics before and was very comfortable with them, forming connections was easy, and I felt this was the population I was meant to be working with. Once I was accepted into the program though I learned that just because I had experience and was comfortable working with this specific population, it didn’t mean I had to continue working with them. My professors provided us with many opportunities to learn about and become familiar with many different populations. Learning to work with more than one population has helped me build my patience and tolerance levels, it has even helped me become more flexible