from a postcolonial perspective under the guise of homogenising, national stability, and federalism the coloniser perpetuate the oppression of the marginalised . Besides the coloniser is aware of his ‘double illegitimacy’ because the foreigner creates a place of his own and takes away the place of the inhabitant .He legitimates this usurpation by substituting local laws with his own. It is not quite unnatural that the narrator’s mind indulged such notions or may be his mind nurtured the concept in a repressed state. In case of repression an individual psychologically attempts to repel desires or impulses by excluding it from the conscious and subduing it in the unconscious .Albert Memmi , in his nonfiction work The Colonizer and the Colonized, vindicates the fact that all racism and xenophobia consists of delusions about oneself including absurd and unjust aggression towards others. This is applicable for
By doing this, the reader calls to attention subordinate nature of the inhabitants to the authority of the Borderlands. Moreover, readers can see the effects that the Borderlands has on the individual clearly listed below the first line. This scheme creates a cause-effect pair allowing for one to view these effects as a clear result of the Borderlands condition. In addition to this, the author makes use of enjambment to offer contrasting ideas that simultaneously exist within the mind of the inhabitants. As one can see in the first stanza, the inhabitants “are neither bispana india negra española / ni gabacha, eres mestiza, mulata, half-breed” (2-3).
Your name is the primitive infrastructure of your identity. Without one of connotation, undoubtedly, a person is depraved of the chance to develop any sense of autonomy. Furthermore, societal coercion can greatly impact one’s self-identity. Take the
In the short story “Transients in Arcadia”, O Henry portrays through Madame Beaumont and the use of figurative language that the prejudice against varying social classes in society makes one want to escape from the dreariness of reality into another realm of paradise. Therefore, in order to put an end to discrimination, every individual should be treated equally
As for mesosystem, it is a system that has a connection between microsystem which is can also be explain by having a parents and school context (Ryan, 2001). However, Berk (2000) states that exosystem defines a broader area of social system whereby there is no direct contact to the individual or it can be explain that the individual does not play an active role in this setting. According to Berk (2000), macrosystem encompassed of cultural values in which the individual lives. Chronosystem is the last system which is related to the dimension of time such as the patterns of ecological happenings changes over the life course (Ryan, 2001). Hence, each of these systems does actually help in our physical development, cognitive development, socio-emotional development and moral reasoning.
Not necessarily an appreciation and usually consists of only surface level information (Cornell Thomas and John Butler, (2000). Essentialism/Assimilation is the practice of categorizing a group based on artificial social constructions that impart an “essence” of that group, which homogenizes the group and effaces individuality and differences. The word implies that we are forming conclusions, relationships, and other cultural ties based only on the essential elements, as determined by “us.” It also implies that there is some minimal level of understanding that applies to groups (Cornell Thomas and John Butler (2000). Multiculturalism is the practice of acknowledging and
This is indicated through the portrayal of non-human nomadic characters that change their positions by moving from the centre to the margins. The anthropocentric centre is not as strong and hegemonic as it presents itself to be. Exploring the relevance of postcolonial theory to nomadism, Edward Said introduces his theory of the exile and the nomad according to which he negotiates the space between binary oppositions emerged from hegemonic essentialist discourses. Said identifies "the nomadic" or "the exilic" figure who exerts “a conscious effort” to enter into the discourse of the anthropocentric hegemonic centre, “to mix with it, transform it, to make it acknowledge marginalised or suppressed or forgotten histories” (Culture and Imperialism 216). Accordingly, the humans and non-human are involved in one another, none is single and pure.
Virtue has become caste-ridden, and morality has become caste-bound.” B.R. Ambedkar here shows that everyone is completely separated from one another. For the most part, people can only interact with people from their same caste, unless if it is to their benefit, like the example shown above about cutting hair. Upper castes only use people from the lower castes if it is to their benefit if not, they are just seen as an impure
3. Theoretical Implications In the theoretical standpoint, the study’s finding puts forward that the Budge (1994) and Freeden’s hypothesis (2013) which posits that the political ideology is frequently can be reflected in the official programmes (policies and agendas) of the parties is, frankly, not quite accurate in contemporary Indonesia. It can be proved when the political parties represented by PDIP, PAN and PKS are plaiting together themselves as the fighters of people welfare and striving for the poor-class society’s interests. It signifies that the ideological contestation is waning and submerged, as there are no salient differences among platforms of those parties. The waning of the political ideology is strengthened by the tangible