Curriculum Literature Review

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2- Literature Review 2.1- Syllabus and curriculum Syllabus is a list of books which students study for a particular course in a school or college. It gives a direction to both the teacher and the taught to move in a specific manner to a specific goal.Awell-balanced and needs based syllabus sustains the interests of the students who are supposed to cover their syllabus within the certain span of time and which is to be evaluated in terms of marks and grades. “In addition to its practical benefits, a syllabus also gives moral support to the teachers and the learners, in that it makes the language learning task appear manageable” (Hutchinson& Waters PP-83).Yalden (1987) says: “Syllabus is a simple framework within which activities can be carried…show more content…
He says, “I would like to draw attention to a distinction between curriculum or syllabus, that is its content, structure, parts, and organization………. What in curriculum theory is often called curriculum processes that are curriculum development, implementation, dissemination, and evaluation? The former is concerned with the WHAT OF CURRICULUM: What the curriculum is like or should be like; the latter is concerned with the WHO and HOW of establishing the curriculum. Another interpretation about syllabus and curriculum by Allen (1984, pp. 61) is worth mentioning, “Curriculum is a general concept which involves consideration of the whole complex of philosophical, social and administrative factors which contribute to the planning of an educational program. Syllabus, on the other hand, refers to the sub part of curriculum which is concerned with the specification of what units will be…show more content…
Piavio gives equal importance to verbal and nonverbal processing.His emphasis is on the dual function of cognition process.He supposes that there are two cognitive sub systems : one is concerned with nonverbal subjects such as imagery, pictures etc; while, the other is concerned with language dealing.John Anderson considers Language learning a memory process.He distinguishes three types of memory structures. Declarative, procedural, and working memory. The theories of Vygotsky and Seymour-Papertare related to constructivism. So they will be discussed under the heading of

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