These resources are not efficiently organized and utilized during disaster relief operations. According to Abdul Rahman, Hayati, & Md Yazid (2013), effective knowledge sharing can help individuals, authorities and organizations that are involved in disaster management to reduce or control the potential losses and risks of the disaster, and to ensure that resources reach the victims immediately in order to facilitate quick and effective recovery through effective knowledge sharing, the authorities and organizations can access the right information about the disaster, make the right decisions, and plan the appropriate actions (Yates & Paquette, 2011). Thus, knowledge sharing plays an important role in helping save lives, delivering immediate relief,supporting victims and minimizing the effect of the disaster.The activities of knowledge sharing can be implemented through various methods such as discussions in group, informal face -to- face meetings or using technology applications such as through social media (also referred as web 2.0)(Jain,Manjit &
II. Literature Review Knowledge Knowledge is processed information. According to the researchers Gammelgaard and Ritter (2000), knowledge can be defined as: “A fluid mix of framed experience, values, contextual information, and expert insight that provide a framework for evaluating and incorporating new experiences and information. Knowledge originates and prospers in the minds of experts. In organizations, it often becomes embedded not only in documents of repositories but also in organizational routine, process, practices, and norms.” Since most of the knowledge is internally suppressed within the minds of the experts, it is important to investigate the major factors which influence knowledge sharing strategies in organizations generally and schools specifically.
Knowledge management creates, organizes, uses, transfers, collects, codifies, and exchanges knowledge and information between people. It seeks to align people and processes with appropriate tools to continuously capture, maintain, and re-use key information, decisions, and lessons learned to help individuals and organizations learn and adapt and improve mission performance. Knowledge management leverages knowledge that resides in individuals and organizations. It facilitates the flow of that knowledge across the organization and between organizations so employees can apply that knowledge to mission or operational requirements. Every employee must understand and practice Knowledge management.
Transformational Leadership and Knowledge Management In this era, that we called knowledge workers era, knowledge is extremely important in order to gain sustainable competitive advantage according to Yaghoubi (2014). Organization can obtain, capture and utilize knowledge with the help of management to protect and keep the sustainability in long period. Knowledge management is use to maintaining success of organization. Knowledge management is process of creating and developing knowledge in organization with systematically effort to find, to create, to make access and to apply all intangible resources and to flourish the learning process in organization. It is a complex and time consuming, it requires precise and clear understanding every
For a university, tacit knowledge is vital to the society because it the most important source of new knowledge, in the form of discoveries and innovations. It is the result of creative minds applying their tacit knowledge to overcome certain condition that need solutions. Explicit knowledge perform important purposes in a university. It encodes past learning in artifacts and rules and facilitates coordination between disparate activities and functions in university. Also, employing explicit knowledge indicates technical skill and procedural rationality, and in turn helps the society to present a self-image of competence, legitimacy, and accountability.
INTRODUCTION Knowledge management has become a factor that ensures the success of the organizations and the continuity of their businesses. Especially in today’s 21st century, organizations are competing to stay competitive. They must know how to implement and use knowledge management in effective ways. Knowledge has to be used in the organizational process in order to achieve sustainable competitive advantages. Knowledge management also creates innovation and ideas that are unique from others.
Increasingly, explicit knowledge is being viewed as a facilitator of implicit knowledge, by enabling learners to notice features in the input which they would otherwise miss and compare them with their own interlanguage representations (Schmidt 1990). In a sense, then, explicit knowledge may contribute to ‘intake enhancement’, but it will be only one of several factors that does this. In other words, when we considered the role of consciousness in second language learning, learners who have explicit knowledge of target-language features may be more likely to notice these features in natural input. Also, the process of cognitively comparing what is present in the input with what is the current interlanguage rule is facilitated if learners have explicit knowledge. In these ways explicit knowledge may have an indirect effect on the development of implicit
There are a few common knowledge management practices being utilized for the purpose of improvement of organizational performance. Researches have introduced basically the most common used five practices, knowledge repository (KR), expert directory (ED), lesson learn system (LLS), communities of practice (COP), organizational learning (OL). A knowledge repository (KR) is arguably the most basic of the five practices. It’s a basically an IT-based storage of knowledge. In the book “What every manager should know”, Liebowitz and Backman defines it as an “on-line computer-based storehouse of expertise, knowledge, experiences, and documentation about a particular domain of expertise (Liebowitz, Beckman 1998).
What are the advantages and challenges of a knowledge sharing culture? The Challenges of a knowledge sharing culture The challenges that Knowledge manager’s face today includes things like security, getting employees motivated, keeping up with the ever so growing technology, measuring knowledge, keeping data accurate, interpreting data effectively and making sure information is relevant. Let me make a few of these challenges clear to you. • Security: Giving the right level of security for KM is key. Sensitive data ought to be protected from most users, while permitting simple access to those with the best possible credentials.
The importance of knowledge management in Organizations Knowledge management is very vital for the success of the company and as well the industry wide in my readings of enormous articles titled knowledge management I have summed up the following points. For centuries of years many experts across different disciplines such as philosophers, scientist, business analysts and intelligent laymen have been concerned about creating acquiring and communicating knowledge and improving the reutilization of knowledge. That involves basically creating the knowledge store it, sharing it and retrieving the knowledge so that process of the knowledge management will stay competitive and would create competitive advantage. The mastermind behind the knowledge