Property crime is an issue that affects the community. It has a category of crime that includes other crimes like: burglary, larceny, motor vehicle theft, arson, and vandalism. Property crime involves the taking of property, and does not involve threat of force against a victim (Ellingworth,1995). These are the following major crime such as theft, robbery, budol-budol, snatching and hold-up. Theft and Robbery refers to the act of stealing of money or it is done with intent to gain, shall take any personal property belonging to another, by means of violence against or intimidation of any person, or using force upon anything (SFH Allison, 2005).
Organized crime is always increasing as market demands go up, and the competition for wealth skyrockets. Organized crime is a trade that is run by criminals; it is categorized as national and international. The criminals that run the game are mostly in it for the money and profit.
Crime is clarified as an offense that happens when some individual disregards the law by an evident show, rejection or nonchalance that can realize discipline. Deviance and crime is an infringement of standards or tenets of conduct that are normally outside of the standards. A person who has misused a law, or has broken a guideline, is said to have executed a criminal offense. Crime is an alarming issue in South Africa. South Africa has a high rate of crimes, ambushes, strikes whether its grown-ups, adolescent and new-conceived children, and diverse criminal acts stood out from for the most part countries.
One cannot use age as a discriminating aspect when distinguishing the three since all the three groups tend to have a blend of both adults and youths. Members of all the three groups commit theft, fraud, forgery, weapons trafficking and even violent street crime (Varese, 2010). Gangs, cartels, and terrorist groups are all in the criminal space. Artificial distinctions must be well rethought out so that they can be distinguished separately Gangs, cartels, and terrorists are connected in that it is entirely possible that a group can advance from being a gang group to developing into a terrorist group or even a cartel. Initially, the incentive for organized and gangs crime was principally financial while the incentive for terrorists was mainly political.
The main goal of organised criminal groups is profit, so there are issues with crime syndicates being involved in illegal logging, cybercrime, piracy, and more. However these examples are less relevant in cities. The most pertinent activities affecting urban areas due to organised crime are trafficking in drugs, light weapons, humans; violence; and corruption. Drugs Some organised crime groups use the drug trade as one of many methods of profiting financially (for example, the American mafia), and some are completely dedicated to making money through drug trafficking, such as the drug cartels in Mexico. Drugs are often produced in rural areas, smuggled across borders, and sold in urban areas by the criminal groups.
Congress in 1970 passed the Organized Crime Control Act in an effort to eradicate organized crime in the United States by improving the overall legal process and introduced new ways to deal with the unlawful activities of those engaged in organized crime. Title IX in the Organized Crime Control Act is called “RICO” or Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations. RICO was established to counter the infiltration of legitimate businesses engaged in interstate commerce by organized crime. However, what are the three types of scenarios punished under RICO and if any the implications of each? A number of states have established their own RICO statues to cover businesses that don’t engage in interstate commerce and therefore not within federal
The definition of property crime in The National Crime Victimization Survey has describe it as,” burglary, motor vehicle theft, and theft. This category includes both attempted and completed crimes”(). Property crime is one the most crime that is reported. Property crimes is ten times more prevalent than violent crime. It seem population density is to deter crime but that is not truly true because it seem that high density it offer a perfect oppuorunity for property crime .
• PROTECTION Organized crime differs from regular business firms though it provides services due to a service that it exclusive to it, that of protection. Organized crime groups develop a sort of governmental authority in the market within which it operates. It is argued that it forms a governance structure mostly addressing the underground world and that this keeps it from restricted to supplying goods. Gambetta addressed this by using the term ‘supply of trust’ and the argument made is that there is a voluntary demand for services like provision of barriers against entry and enforcing collusive agreements in addition to protection of property rights and enforcement of contracts in the form of dispute settlement. For example, in case of regulations aimed at increasing quality standards like licenses, the side effect is that they tend to increase the costs of the firms.
There is the variable criminal which has a major influence on the definition of the concept of criminal. A variable is a concept that has been operationalized or measures in a specific manner and that can vary or take on different values (Hagen, 2017). Crimes are defined as acts punishable by law so if a small child steals something without their parents knowledge it is stealing but is it a crime. It is said that ignorance of the law is not a legal defense against a criminal act but a child is too young to know right from wrong. It is important to study the deviants and the social structural contexts that define them.
The concept of crime is a relative and complex one that is viewed as a norm breaking natural phenomenon of human society at all times and has changed in accordance with the socio economic development of the society. If a person does commit a crime, he or she is sent to jail. The jail will be the home of those people who had committed crimes and will be sentenced by the court. As time goes by, the rate of crime has increased tremendously in the contemporary world. Men and women do commit crime and both have an increasing crime rate.