According to the authors, the duration of internet use and psychiatric symptoms have been directly related. People found to be spending more time on the internet have been associated with issues like depression, anxiety, and obsessive compulsion. The internet has also provided an opportunity for some youth to carry out criminal behavior like cyber hacking where a person uses the availability of the internet to compromise other users of the web. Another problem has been cyber stalking where a person is constantly being monitored through the internet by tapping into an individual’s information without their authorization (Pessoa et al., 2011). The author also states that some people are at risk of developing “pathological technology use” that refers to, “the obsessive and addictive behaviors in response to technological media, such as the Internet or gaming that resemble behaviors characteristic of addictions to alcohol or drugs.”
Des Moines in 1969 (Tedford & Herbeck, 2009, pp 1-4) which is in the cover statement, the U.S. or the court stated through this case and more recently, the federal government has determined the need for off campus behavior, such as cyberbullying, controlled by schools. For the state level, which is just like the law of speech and disturbance at the federal level, each country continues to struggle with determine the problem and what legal action to take when violation occurs. In the other hand Malaysia use Computer Crimes Act 1997, in Section Four: Unauthorized access to computer materials with the intent to commit or facilitate an offence. If convicted, the offender is liable to a fine of not more than RM150, 000 or a prison term of not more than 10
By extending the definition from traditional bullying, cyberbullying has been defined as ‘an aggressive act or behavior that is carried out using electronic means by a group or an individual repeatedly and over time against a victim who cannot easily defend him or herself’ (Smith et al., 2008). ) ; Bullying based on an imbalance of power; and is defined by and Smith and Sharp, (1994) as a systematic abuse of power. From this perspective, cyberbullying is seen systematic abuse of power which occurs through the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs). Although, cyberbullying is seen as an abuse of ICTs, what constitutes as Cyberbullying has not yet be drawn out (Smith et al., 2006, Willard, 2006 and Willard, 2007). Some examples of cyberbullying includes, online fights, known as flaming, which imply the use of electronic messages with hostile and vulgar language, slandering, a modality that implies online disparagement, for example, sending cruel images or rumors about others to spoil their reputations or social relationships as well as defamation by spreading secrets or embarrassing information about someone (Willard, 2006, Willard,
Kohut, T., Fisher, W. A., & Campbell, L. (2016). Perceived effects of pornography on the couple relationship: Initial findings of open-ended, participant-informed, “bottom-up” research. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 46(2), 585-602. https://www.doi.org/10.1007/s10508-016- 0783-6 Muusses, L.D., Finkenauer, C., Kerkhof, P., & Righetti, F. (2013). Partner effects of compulsive Internet use: A self-control account.
For instance, Rapleaf used Facebook data to sell profiles of ignorant users. A survey conducted in 2009, by the University of Cambridge, shows that it difficult to understand privacy policies by social mediums, since there were no standards existing for the said privacy policies. However, Facebook has since addressed the concern by the public pertaining privacy of its users. Therefore, it is evident enough that social media needs regulation to avoid case that follow after the privacy of a user has been tampered with.
Cyber-gossip is one of the most frequent forms of bullying because it takes place over a screen. According to a study by the National Institute of Health, “Subjects of rumors were bullied frequently by 17 percent and overall bullied ever by 59.9 percent” (Nansel et al. 1). Bullies can build on gossip and create stories and ugliness about a student that can go viral in a matter of seconds. People
“Another difference between cyberbullying and traditional bullying is that cyberbullying can happen anywhere. As long as someone has access to the Internet, a bully can harass someone and a victim can find an offensive comment about them”
The Code Green worm was benign in nature, but it also utilized “viral/worm” techniques while patching the Code Red worm. After considering the ethical dilemma he was in, Hexxer didn’t set his worm free to patch unknowing systems. Instead, he released the code. By releasing the code, Hexxer avoided the ethical dilemma of interfering with other people’s computer resources, or files (Carle). But, by releasing the code, Hexxer could also be on shaky ethical ground because there could be social consequences from the program he wrote. Someone with less than favorable motivation could take his security patch code and modify it for malicious
Cyberbullying is the intentional harassment by a group or an individual with the aid of the internet and technological devices that are invasive, for example, mobile phones. Bullying in the traditional form of the term has been around as long as capitalism and competition have existed in this world. In the belief that success and wealth are one and the same thing, capitalism advances bullying as a survival tactic among the citizens. Of worry, is the reason governments have waited for so long to realize that cyberbullying is just as harmful as traditional bullying. The prevalence of the cyberbullying problem is at an elevated level among teens.
You can open your eyes now. We can all recall experiences involving bullying whether we were the perpetrator, the victim, or a bystander and, chances are, we are embarrassed about it. More recently, "cyber bullying" has taken prevalence in the lives of teens and young adults. In order to put an end to it, we must open our eyes and looking bullying right in the face.
Introduction Soon after a sudden separation from his wife, Anthony Douglas Elonis used the social networking site Facebook as a release for his frustration. Under the alias Tone Dougie, Elonis posted rap lyrics detailing the death of his wife and a federal agent; he also made posts alluding to the murder of a co-worker and the massacre of a kindergarten school. He was brought to the district court on 5 violations of 18 U.S.C. 875 that states, “Whoever transmits in interstate or foreign commerce any communication containing any threat to kidnap any person or any threat to injure the person of another, shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than five years, or both”. (U.S. Code, Title 18). Case Details
According to Google cyberbullying is defined as the “use of electronic communication to bully a person, typically by sending messages of an intimidating or threatening nature”. Cyberbullying is a form of assault in which teens damge their peers. Cyberbullying can be both mentally and emotionally destructive. Should cyberbullying be a federal crime? Some believe that cyberbullying is a disease and has led to teen suicide; while others argue that is should not be a federal crime, and that it is unconstitutional.
There are many different definitions of cyberbullying. Del Siegle explains what cyberbullying is in his article, “Cyberbullying and Sexting: Technology Abuses of the 21st Century.” According to Willard, cyberbullying is “being cruel to others by sending or posting harmful material or engaging in other forms of social aggression using the internet or other digital technologies” (qtd. in
Cyberbullying in America Do you have a computer, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram or even mail? If so, you can be cyber bullied at anytime, anywhere. Cyber bullying is the use of electronic communication to bully a person, typically by sending messages of an intimidating or threatening nature. Examples of cyber bullying include mean text, messages or emails, rumors sent by email or posted on social networking sites, and embarrassing pictures, videos, websites, or fake profiles.