People with paralytic polio first get the symptoms of non-paralytic polio then they get the systems of paralytic polio. There are 3 types of paralytic polio which are spinal polio which affects the spinal cord, bulbar polio which affects the brain or bulbospinal polio which is both. The symptoms of paralytic polio are either temporary or permanent paralysis, muscle pain or critical spasms, deformed limbs and loss of reflexes. Lastly there is post-polio syndrome which can occur up to 35 years after a person had the infection. The symptoms of post-polio syndrome are trouble swallowing or breathing, becoming very tired, being easily cold,
Workplace bullying is a growing issue for all the organizations to manage people. Bullying is defined as acts or verbal comments that could 'mentally ' hurt or isolate a person in the workplace. As well as, sometimes bullying can involve negative physical contact. Furthermore, bullying usually involves repeated incidents or a pattern of behavior that is intended to intimidate, offend, and humiliate a particular person or group of people. Some scholars described bullying as the assertion of power through aggression (Workplace Bullying Institute, 2015).
CHALLENGES ENCOUNTERED WHEN TRYING TO CURB SEXUAL & RACIAL DISCRIMINATION AT WORKPLACES. Discrimination wrongfully inflicts disadvantageous treatment on persons based on their affiliation in a significant social group. Racial Profiling By definition, racial profiling is treating someone first as a “suspect,” using a person’s race, religion and/or ethnicity alone as a sufficient prognostic indicator of potential unlawful behavior. In the workplace, racial profiling is a very big part of our daily workforce. It may fall under the following on the basis of a person’s race, religion and/or ethnicity: • Failing or refusing to hire an employee; • Firing or disciplining an employee; • Providing fewer benefits, promotions, opportunities
Imagine being a newly graduated nurse and landing a job on your dream unit. There is this one nurse who likes to taunts the new nurses. You began to realize that she does things to make you uneasy and you began to feel like the target of workplace bullying. Horizontal Violence has become a newly coined termed to further define the concept of bullying in the workplace. According to Becher and Visovsky (2012), Horizontal Violence is described as “an act of hostility that creates an undesirable work environment that weakens teamwork in the clinical setting”.
The riot resulted in producing an obstacle for union membership and union authority still felt in several union groups today. Prior to the Haymarket Riot, it was known that factory work was hard. Employees were exposed to dangerous conditions, low wages, and prolonged hours; therefore, in an effect to improve working conditions unions were formed. Companies opposed union so in a attempt to reduce an individual for join on they would add suspected union members on a lists, which barred them from employment. Companies were also known for disregarding laws that the government put in place to protect workers’ rights and in some cases the government historically sided with the companies during strikes giving companies a sense of power.
ABSTRACT AIMS AND OBJECTIVES The study aims to investigate factors influencing incivility behaviors in nursing causing high turnover rates by examining and reviewing the causes of incivility behaviors, also to discuss the available effective strategies that can help reduce incivility behavior in nursing. BACKGROUND Internationally, various studies and reports have raised concern regarding hostile behaviors in the nursing workplace. Incivility in nursing is defined as rude or disruptive behaviors which often result in physiological or psychological distress for people involved and if left unaddressed, may progress into a threatening situation (Broome 2011). Although aggression and violence from patients and visitors are cause for concerns, nurses reported hostility among colleagues, managers and other professionals have been the most concern and an impact to nurses’ society. Incivility defines as “a rude or unsociable speech or behavior (Merriam 2010).
Abstract Survival analysis is normally used to describe the analysis of data that depend on the time between constant starting point until the occurrence of specific event or endpoint. There are certain aspects of the survival analysis data, such as censoring and non-normality, which can generate great difficulty when trying to analyze data using traditional statistical models. In this paper, the Kaplan-Meier estimator is used to estimate the survival function. Also Log-Rank test is used to compare between groups using the stages of the illness as a comparing factors. Finally, Cox’s regression model is one of the most applied methods in medical research, is used to determine the factors that affect the survival time and assess the relative
Locate a study that is a secondary analysis. Why was this study conducted as a secondary analysis rather than a primary analysis? What were the sources of the data? How did this study contribute to nursing science? The study chosen discussed patients’ needs during the year after a suicide attempt.
Her patient was experiencing racism in work and had a major withdrawal in addition to suffering from extreme anxiety (Wortham 2015). The main symptoms of racism is depression, stress, anxiety, inability to sleep and avoidance of other people (Williams 2015). Williams (2013) argues that the psychological effects of racism doesn’t only occur from direct offence; it occurs also from a ‘third-party’, through the news or social
B. (2012). Genetic biomarkers of depression. Indian Journal of Human Genetics, 18(1), 20-33. doi:10.4103/0971-6866.96639 National Institute of Mental Health (2017) Major Depression. Retrieved from NIH website https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/major-depression.shtml Nemeth, C. L., Harrell, C. S., Beck, K. D., & Neigh, G. N. (2013).
Workplace bullies constantly involve overwhelmingly negative actions at work including the need to control, humiliate and embarrass to cause some kind of pain or personal distress. It can be associated with office politics, unclear expectations, dishonesty, withheld information, etc. Not only does workplace bullying have a connection with abusive supervision, it also has an increase with negative workplace performances. By promoting ethical practices, it could reduce workplace bullying and abnormality among co-workers. Agervold and Mikkelsen (2004), in one of the first studies, found that employees who were frequently exposed to bullying reported less job control, work tasks which were more unclear or contradictory, a management style which was less employee-oriented, and fewer social contacts with co-workers.