There is a debate whether there is such a thing as a “addictive personality. Earlier psychoanalysts confirmed that there was such a thing as an "addictive personality". New information allows us to refine our understanding of addiction (Johnson, 2003) . By definition, addiction is a behavior over which the person has impaired control, and which is associated with harmful consequences (Meyer, Rahman, Shepherd, 2007) One type of addiction is a character type; a second is a biological disorder. An addictive character is repetitive, stereotyped response to compulsive behaviors.
In contrast to Freud, for whom the victim’s best interest is endangered by internal sexual urges rather than the actual knowledge of the abusive event. Also, without the abusive guardian figure, food, shelter and family life is jeopardized, so it is in the victim’s best interest to suppress the event. “Betrayal trauma theory posits that from a logical analysis of evolutionary pressures and cognitive architecture, we can expect that there will be information blockage under certain conditions (of which sexual abuse is likely to be an example) and that this information blockage will create various types of traumatic
As described by Koestenbaum, humiliation occurs when three specific parties are present a victim, an abuser, and a witness or witnesses. The key difference between humiliation and shame is whether or not someone was present to witness the act take place. For the most part, humiliation is considered an external happening and is also visually observable, while shame is merely an internal happening. Generally, people try to avoid situations where they can be humiliated, unless
The Biopsychosocial model studies a person on their disorder and how it occurred through biological, psychological, and social factors that could potentially affect them. The biopsychosocial model plays an important role in human functioning in the grouping of illness and disease. The Amygdala influences motivation, emotional control, fear response, and interpretations of nonverbal emotional expressions. Thinking can be improved by activities that require creativity and the use of memory abilities. James-Lange theory of emotion leads to a physiological reaction of labeling an emotion.
That flaw could overlap with the flawed superego since an individual would not be able to self-restraint himself in the process of anger expression and go to the unthinkable ways to do that. Freud’s theory is also related to the ‘affectionless psychopathy’ coined by Bowlby (Sammons, n.d.) The latter describes the disruption of the ability to form normal relationships in the adult life to be the result of early maternal deprivation. That, in turn, would potentially encourage criminal
Those who have experienced physical, emotional, or sexual abuse are at greater risk to develop obsessive-compulsive disorder. Grisham et al. (2011) found that even the type of abuse could predict future obsessive-compulsive behaviors such as verbal insults leading to ordering compulsions or recurrent shameful thoughts. The theory of a physiological component to the development of obsessive-compulsive disorder is supported in a 2012 review by Milad and Rauch. The researchers found that an impairment or abnormality in the orbitofrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex and striatum could lead to a development of of obsessive-compulsive
Nonetheless, for the purposes of the research, it is important to define splitting as a tendency to see things as either good or bad. Alongside projective identification, it is considered to be the most primitive defence mechanism. For instance, a child who is the victim of sexual violence inflicted by parents uses splitting and separates the experience of parents s/he depends on and loves from that of parents who are sexually abusing her/him. In that case the child retains the image of parents as good, while identifying with the bad, believing that s/he is bad and that’s why such things are happening. The splitting mechanism may be used to explain body-related feelings attested to by trafficking victims.
Poverty, unemployment, marital conflict, social isolation and family pathology can increase risk of abuse; so can shorter terms stressors such as emotional distress, economic or legal problems. Physical abuse in children is linked to aggressive and violent behaviors in adolescents and adults including violence towards non-family members, children, dating partners and spouses. Research has linked certain characteristics of the child, as well as features of the family environment, to child abuse and neglect. Main forms of child abuse include physical, emotional and sexual harassment, and neglect (Berrayed, 2001; Aberle et al., 2007). Unfit parents negatively affect the child’s emotional development, which leads to behavioral problems.
Indentifying offenders who are coming in to the community may cause new offenders to be scared to get caught in their actions. They will be afraid of public embarrassment and have a fear of the harsh punishments they might receive. Most incoming potential offenders will be afraid of public embarrassment. New potential offenders would end up knowing that some offenders were already Identified and would try not to make to miss take of getting caught. That is both a good and bad side to this situation.
Acute stress disorder and post-traumatic stress symptoms have as feature Traumatic events that include bad injuries and death chocks. There are plenty of other consequences of stress on the human’s health such as the increase in sleep disorders, fatal accidents rate, eating disorders, smoking, and consumption of alcohol and drugs. Nowadays, child maltreatment or abuse is very predominant in our communities and has several negative effects on victims. Psychological impacts of abuse can be resumed in emotional dysregulation, personality issues, low academic performance, distress, attachment problems, intimacy avoidance, and provocative behaviors. Child abuse may also lead to difficulties in terms of concentration, difficulties in trying to interact with people and connect with the external world, dissociation, and
Especially considering that his responses indicated that he is someone who is easily angered and has difficulty controlling the expression of his anger. Jim may also find group therapy also be helpful because it will expose him to others with similar diagnosis and he may learn some more acceptable socializing skills but caution should be taken because of his aggressive tendencies with others, and his acting out behavior. Further assessment for potential learning disabilities is still needed, as the PAI is not generally used insolation for learning disability evaluations. Jim may also benefit from meeting with a vocational rehabilitation counselor, career center or workforce support center in order to get assistance in finding
Therefore, people may see going against an unjust law as something to avoid because of the aftereffect they will be having to face. Furthermore, It is right to oppose something that is unjust. Individuals should do what they best believe is right in their opinions but laws shouldn’t be fully subjected by the people only or else it may lead to future conflicts and misleading mistakes. Overall, by desired changes, it causes destructive tension for
Adolescents who lack a secure attachment relationship with their caregivers are at a greater risk for dysregulation of affect when experiencing trauma and the developing the symptoms of posttraumatic stress. Insecurely attached children and adolescents do not seek comfort in their caregivers so when exposed to trauma, their coping abilities are significantly hindered. When not able to seek protection and comfort in their caregivers, insecurely attached youth are more likely to be overwhelmed by stress; coping alone with limited resources may cause hyperarousal or disassociation (Perry, 2001). Likewise, an adolescent with a secure attachment can act as a layer of defense against the potential adverse effects of trauma (Finkelhor & Browne, 1984). A secure attachment also provides a safe a nurturing environment that enables the adolescent to process the traumatic events and become more equipped to return to a sense of safety and wellbeing- at least the same level experiences prior to the traumatic experience.
Thurston (2006) explains that there are several causes of child abuse, but according to all the theories, there are three main causes of child abuse (Thurston, 2006, para.2). The first main cause is psychological,” the psychological theories argue that an individual who abuses has an innate characteristic that places them at greater risk of abusing, their motivation being linked to biological or instinctive features of human behavior. Child abuse may also be seen to be the result of a career’s deprived learning experiences, which may lead to inadequate controlling techniques when trying to manage children’s behavior.”(Thurston, 2006, psychological cause, para.3). The second cause is social psychological, and this theory is mainly based on
Your teen may rely on texting as his primary means of communication, but doing so can be stressful. According to psychologist Suzanne Phillips, writing for PBS, texting is instantly gratifying but it 's also anxiety producing. The instant connection can cause feelings of elation and self-value only to be replaced by the disappointment of no response, a delayed response or the misinterpretation of a short or seemingly curt response. Waiting for an expected text response can be stressful for a teen involved in a romantic relationship. Sending sexually inappropriate texts and photos is often damaging to a teen 's reputation.