One would see them before going to anyone else about their health problem. This involves people such as doctors, dentists, opticians, pharmacies involved in ones community. NHS main priories is to better patients health, provide organisation to deal with patients health to make sure social work care is available to everyone.
Visiting Nurse and Hospice Care (VNHC) is a admired non-profit in the Santa Barbara area. It has been serving all patient populations for over one hundred and eight years. In 2015 VNHC had net patient service revenue in excess of $28 million while servicing over 12,000 patients between the different service lines. 90 percent of the population served is over 60 years of age and 50 percent of the population served live in high poverty areas. VNHC is especially proud of meeting the needs of the local underserved population and has performed over $2 million in charity care each of the past five years.
3.8 MAGNITUDE OF THE PROBLEM Childhood pneumonia is the single most leading cause of death among under-five children. According to 2000 WHO report around 156 million new episodes of childhood pneumonia occurred globally, in that 95% of them in developing countries, out of the above-mentioned cases 8.7% of pneumonia are life threatening and required hospital admissions (Rudan,2008). The incidence was estimated at 0.29 episodes per child-year in developing and 0.05 episodes per child year in developed countries (Rudan et al.2013). In the year 2010 the incidence was 0.22 episodes per child-year though it is reduced from the year 2000, it remains an important public health problem (CHERG, 2013). Africa and Southeast Asia are responsible for 70% of the worldwide deaths due to pneumonia (Singh 2005).
We need to have healthcare systems to reduce illnesses and promote health. A healthcare system can have different roles regarding the social determinants of health, depending on the level they operate at. For instance, at the macro level the role of a healthcare system is through public policy. For example, in the United Kingdom this is reflected in a national programme to tackle inequalities: "Healthy Places, Healthy Lives". At the meso level , a decentralized policy will be performed.
The poorest and most unfortunate people make up the majority of the homeless society. Homelessness is most intensive in the more urban areas, mainly in cities with weak safety nets. For example, the Annual Homelessness Assessment Report to Congress (DHUD, 2012) stated that “one out of five homeless people live in New York City, Los Angeles, San Diego, Seattle, and Las Vegas” (Enotes.com). Men from ages of 25 to 55 make up about half of Canada’s homeless population (47.5%), according to the Segaert study. The characteristics of this group include a greater occurrence of addictions, mental illness and disability, including brain injury and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD).
CONCEPT 10: COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING This concept is taken from module 11 of block 7 entitled “General Nursing”. 10.1 Significance of the Concept Community health nursing is the synthesis of nursing and public health practice applied to promote and protect the health of population. It combines all the basic elements of professional, clinical nursing with public health and community practice (Basavanthappa, 2007). Community health nursing is very essential particularly at this time because it maximizes the health status of individuals, families, groups and the community through direct approach with them. Community health nursing ensures nursing care of family in sick and health.
Each year, an estimated 1.5 million Americans sustain a TBI. As a result of these injuries, 50,000 people die, 230,000 people are hospitalized and survive, and an estimated 80,000-90,000 people experience the onset of long-term disability.17 Population based studies in the United States suggested that incidence of traumatic brain injury is between 180-250/100,000 population per year.12 In Europe, from studies in six countries, an aggregate hospitalized plus fatal TBI incidence rate of about 235 per 100,000 was
It teaches me about physical, mental, emotional and social health. It motivates me to improve and maintain my health and those of my family, prevent disease, and reduce risky behaviors. Moreover, it will guide me and provide me direction to learn skills I will use to make healthy choices throughout my lifetime. A positive change in behavior that would help me lower the risks around alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs, injury prevention, mental and emotional health, nutrition, physical activity, prevention of diseases and sexuality and family life not only for me but for all people around
Only through a deeper understanding of the intricate factors shaping behavioural practices can health promotion programmes and or interventions successfully be introduced into the realities of the people’s lives to bring about changes in health behaviour. Behaviour change theories and models such as the Health Belief Model (HBM), Theory of Reasoned Action (TRA), Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), and the Transtheoretical Model have been widely applied in public health in an attempt to explain or predict health seeking behaviours. Their use enables identification and understanding of people’s health-seeking behaviour beyond their knowledge, attitudes and practices. HBM is a health specific behavioural cognitive model The model is based on the idea that people are more likely to change their behaviour and adhere to treatments if: (i) they perceive that they are at risk of contracting the disease (perceived susceptibility), (ii) they perceive the disease might have an unfavourable outcome (perceived severity), (iii) they perceive the proposed health behaviour to be both effective and practical (perceived benefits), (iv)they perceive the barriers to adopting the behaviour to be minimal (perceived barriers),(v) they perceive themselves to have the ability of applying and practicing the specific behaviour proposed
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death worldwide ( Reddy 1993; Lloyd-Jones et al. 2009). According to WHO, 23.6 million deaths each year by 2030 are caused by cardiovascular disease. In Malaysia, diseases of the circulatory system are the leading cause of death in Ministry of Health (MoH) Hospitals in 2012. 40, 000 new cases per year for 28 million people in this country while for number of CAD cases for young people which is below 45 years old is increased every year.