Birth-19 Questions And Answers

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1.1 Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth - 19 years. UNBORN BABIES TO ONE MONTH Most babies are born around the fortieth week of pregnancy. Babies who are born more than three weeks early are classed as premature. Babies that are born early are more likely to need a little more time to develop than those born nearer the fortieth week. Babies are born with many reflexes, which are actions they perform without thinking and are linked to survival, these reflexes include: • Swallowing and sucking reflexes. These ensure that the baby can feed and swallow milk. • Rooting reflex. The baby will move its head to look for a nipple or teat if its cheek or mouth is touched. This helps the baby to find milk. • Grasp…show more content…
It will depend on the type of disability that the child has. They may have a hearing or seeing impairment or a physical or learning disability. Children or young people may be subjected to prejudice or discrimination which could lead to them being bullied or treated differently, this in turn could affect their learning skills, self confidence and development. In the past the medical model of disability meant that opportunities for learning and development where few and far between. Today there is a different approach to disabilities and most settings look at different ways in which they can help with learning and development and to give children as many opportunities as possible. It is important not to stereotype a child with a disability, as this can lead to low self-esteem, for example a child with specific learning needs might be expected to do poorly in all subjects at school not just the ones affected by the learning need and this is not always the case. Since I have worked in our setting I have been introduced to quite a few children which have different types of disabilities. We aim to make sure that each individual is treated the same and included in all activities by adapting the activity to the child's individual
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