Leaves are pinnate , and consist of 9-17 alternate oblong to lanceolate leaflets . The flowers are small (1 cm long), have purple to whitish blue colour, while its pods (2-3 cm) are flat, have an oblong to linear shape [5, 21], have a smooth surface , turn brown at maturity and contain 1-7 seeds [5, 21]. Lastly, seeds present a dark colour, a reniform shape and small size, with a diameter of about 2.5 mm and a thousand seeds weight of 6.2 g [21,
The ovary is superior with 4-celled, each cell with 1 ovule, deeply 4- lobed and it has one style usually arising from base of ovary; stigmas usually 2, sometimes 1, linear. The fruit is a cluster of 4 nutlets (Heywoodet al2007). http://www.wildflowers-and-weeds.com/Plant_Families/Lamiaceae_pics/Lamiaceae.jpg Distinctive genera in the Lamiaceae Lamiaceae has a high level of generic diversity. Table 1 below illustrates the morphological diversity within the Lamiaceae (Stace 2010) Table 1: Distinctive genera in Lamiaceaein Britain Characters Distinctive Genera Plant annual Stachys, Lamium , Galeopsis , Teucrium, Ajuga, Clinopodium, Salvia, Ballota, Phlomis, Satureja, Hyssopus , Thymus, Lavandula, Rosmarinus Flowers with only 2 fertile
Just like all crops, pineapples have certain environmental preferences they like to grow in. With certain preferences, people wonder if pineapples can grow in east Texas. Pineapples are important for many different reasons. One reason is that pineapples have different health benefits that most people don’t realize. They are good for the immune system, bone strength,
2.9.1 Botanical description: Phyllanthus amarus is a plant of the family Euphorbiaceae and has about approximately 800 species which are found in tropical and subtropical countries of the world (Mazumder et al., 2006; Tahseen et al., 2013). It is a branching annual glabrous herb which is 30-60 cm high and has slender, leaf-bearing branchlets, distichous leaves which are subsessile elliptic-oblong, obtuse, rounded base. The name ‘Phyllanthus’ means “leaf and flower” and named so because of its appearance where flower, fruit and leaf appears fused (Kumar et al., 2011). Flowers are yellowish, whitish or greenish, auxiliary, male flowers in groups of 1-3 whereas females are solitary. Fruits are depressed-globose like smooth capsules present underneath the branches and seeds are trigonous, pale brown with longitudinal parallel ribs on the back (Itoro et al., 2013).
Carotene pigment is higher in dark green leaves (0.795 mg/gm) in comparison of light green leaves, while in fruits round and golden brown color contains 0.951 mg/gm and long and light green fruits having 0.578 mg/gm. Xanthophyll is maximum in dark green leaves 0.438 mg/gm, light green leaves, light green and oblong fruits, dark golden brown and round fruits contains 0.211, 0.256, 0.379 mg/gm
Plants provide nutritional factors to the human body. Fruits and vegetables are good for our health. But aside from eating or make it a dessert it is also the main source of drugs that is being use from the ancient times as herbal remedies for the health care, prevention and cure of various diseases and ailments. Use of various plants parts like its bark, flowers, fruit, seeds, roots, leaves or let’s say the whole plant as such for medical purpose is been a long tradition in different culture. Use of plants as a medicine is being used by the Filipino.
The flower perigone lobes 5, which shows variety in sizes between the lobes with a 13.5 to 19.5 cm long and 15 to 24 cm wide. Upper part of the lobes is covered with white warts with brick red background. There are 8 to 9 well-spaced rows of incorporation of white warts on perigone lobes. The small and circular diaphragm shows the size within the range of 5.6 to 7.5 cm wide. The diameter across the diaphragm is
SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA GAINING ECONOMICALY FROM GENETIC ENGINEERING: African countries especially South Africa will gain from the genetic engineering of insect-resistant cotton. Especialy in Kwa-Zulu Natal where alot of small-scale farmers have been practicing thid. This might not solve the food shortage in Sub-Saharan Africa but is extremely valuable economically, especially in rural areas. Another use of genetic modification in South Africa is the use of tobacco. Tobacco is a very drought resistant and hardy crop, it will be used to produce vaccines against he deadly HIV virus.