After WWII the European nations had many problems; they didn’t have any official peace treaties, and their suffering economies made them more susceptible to war. In order to prevent war and the spread of communism, they created the EU which united the European nations in a powerful democracy, which countries must have a stable democracy, a strong economy, and protection in order to join. Laws in the EU are created by a legislature made up of three groups of a leader of a small country and the leader of a big country each body has a president. However the laws aren’t enforced by military or police forces, but there is a Court of Justice that upholds the laws. Today there is a debate of whether or not the EU is worth it.
About the Author Mr. Roberty Axelrod is the professor of Political Sciences and Public Policy at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He is also a member of the American National Academy of Sciences and American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is best-known for his research on the evolution of cooperation. Summary of the Book This book is very famous for its analysis on the infinite prisoner’s dilemma and the attempt to find a solution towards it, especially when it occurs under the situation when there is no general regulator. One of the most typical example of this circumstance would be the international world which could be argued as an anarchy.
Nigeria had been under Britain’s colonial ruling for 6 decades. During that period, there were various parts of the country’s that underwent constant reclassification for governmental reasons. This constant change poses as the cause of difficulty in bringing the country together as one nation. Southern Nigeria was formed with the expansion of the Niger Coast Protectorate during the initial period. Lagos was the capital of Southern Nigeria.
This happened because both economic and military interests were too much at stake in the Straits Settlements and therefore only direct rule could ensure the British interest in the region. Therefore, Malaya was geographically ‘hybrid’ in its colonial practices as different regions called for different colonial strategies and can as such, constitute an interesting study case of both
Consistent warfare and cannibalism between tribes is quite uncontrollable and it serves as part of their everyday life. But in year 1970 Fiji became independent after a century as a British colony, when Democratic rule was postponed by the two military coups in 1987 that caused a government perceived as recognized by Indian community. In 1997 a new constitution was made and it is more equitable. That resulted a free and peaceful election in 1999 by an Indo- Fijian. Fiji comprises of approximately 330 islands, about one - third are inhabited.
1) stated in saying "the democratic, economically dynamic Republic of Turkey has been celebrating its independence for over eight decades". First, unfortunately; Turkey is not a democratic country yet. Having a parliament, an election system doesn't make a country "democratic" even though the country is governed in "republic". If these two criteria accepted as the "democracy", then people would have to accept the regime in Iran also as "democracy" simply because of Iran's having an election system and its being a "republic". Second, the word "independence" is very arguable.
The have been a strong interest in the revival of the contemporary application of what is traditional international law doctrine on the concept of humanitarian intervention in the past decade. At the end of the two World War, many of the state personalities and diplomats abide to the idea and theory placed under international law which acknowledge the complete “sovereign” of each nation and its independent (Chilstrom, 1974a). Hence since the dealings of international law is practically the affairs of external relations of which have and enjoy the right of sovereignty, therefore incident which occurs within the territory of a sovereign state which is of the sovereign and its subject is by logical has no effect on relations between inter states
Every state has its own unique national identity, which is based off of its personal and regional history. This national identity characterizes the ideologies and beliefs of the people and the state, and serves as a bridge between the citizens. In my opinion the Egyptian national identity is based on following Islamic beliefs and values. This aspect of Islamic beliefs as the underlying feature of Egypt’s national identity, comes from an expression of Islamic beliefs or religion as a part of Egyptian culture as opposed to a religion based on faith. The Egyptian national identity is rooted in a centuries long Islamic outlook within Egypt and the region.
Like the CAR Madagascar has also been a colony of the French, but since independence,most of the time it has had a secure and stable government,while in the CAR political stability is a virtue that the country never really had.So, it is very important to have a concrete government , before UN peace keeping forces can be withdrawn.The military agitation in the CAR is fueled by Lybian,Chadian and other neighboring countries interference.There is a threat of the refugee crisis from the shared borders with Sudan and Uganda.So, before internal conflicts can be dealt with,one suggestion would be for the peacekeeping forces to seal CAR’s borders to limit interference from the neighbouring states, thus allowing a more stable environment for the rebel leaders and government to negotiate a deal.The CAR has a rich resources of diamonds,uranium,gold,timber possible oil deposits and endangered wildlife , and still it has the poorest economies in the world,the money from these resources can help fund the CAR to improve the situation of the civilians, by providing food,medical care and various other humanitarian aids that these people are in
Throughout the conflict of ethnic minorities in Myanmar, policies were used by the government in different periods of time to prevent and ceasefire the problems both soft and hard ways. Numbers of talks and agreement attempted to be reached and finalized. In this part of the research, will examined the main and important attempts used by the government to solve the conflicts and the policies in which both create a better environment for peace and create the breakout of violence. In the past, Myanmar under British rule was using “divide and rule” policy with the ethnic minorities due to the differences of the terrain and weather which made it hard to govern and block the communication and transportation. Beside the physical factors, these ethnic groups are having different cultures and languages, which no or less attempts from the government at that time to bring them together and make them feel as one Myanmar rather than an ethnicity.