The Battle of the Granicus took place in 334 BCE in western Turkey. The Macedonians greatly outnumbered the Persians, and were at the advantage. It was a head on attack, known as “heroic warfare.” During the battle, Alexander received a head wound that nearly killed him. Although most the Persian cavalry escaped, Alexander killed most the Greek mercenaries. This was a victory for Alexander, however, some historians believe there were two battles, with the first as a loss to Alexander, and the second being driven by revenge and becoming a win for Alexander.
SECTION I: Alexander III of Macedon who is also known as Alexander the Great. He was born in July of 356 BC to Queen Olympias and King Phillip II of Macedon. As a young child Alexander the Great was tutored by the famous Greek philosopher, Aristotle. At a very young age he aided in the Battle of Chaeronea alongside his father. Also, at a young age his father King Phillip II of Macedon, Alexander’s father, was assassinated and subsequently died. Alexander became king of Corinthian League by eliminating his enemies. Alexander’s ego and reputation was very important to him. He inherited one of the largest empires by battling and over taking other kingdoms. He used his honorable position to launch a project his father had previously planned. The plan was called “Panhellenic project” and it was to lead the Greeks on a conquest to rule all of the land including Persia. He invaded the Achaemenid Empire in 334 BC,
Describe the steps that Alexander the Great and his mother took to ensure his rise to power.
These two rulers were Cyrus II and Darius III. Which ruled the Persian Empire with great force
In 334, Alexander embarked on his Asiatic expedition, arriving in Troy that spring. Alexander then faced Persian King Darius III 's army near the Grancius River; Darius ' forces were swiftly defeated. By fall, Alexander and his army had made it across the southern coast of Asia Minor to Gordium, where they took the winter to rest. In the summer of 333, the troops of Alexander and Darius once again went head to head in battle at Issus. Although Alexander 's army was outnumbered, he used his flair for military strategy to create formations that defeated the Persians again and caused Darius to flee. In November of 333, Alexander declared himself the king of Persia after capturing Darius and making him a fugitive.
adopting some of the native customs. When Alexander conquered the Persian Empire, he used the local Persian satraps because there was a shortage of Greek and Macedonian administrators. Alexander also believed that the empire would be best governed with the co-operation of the Persians. Alexander appointed the Persian soldiers into his army as he wanted the close working relationship with the Persians as well as the Macedonians. He wanted the two empires to build a intimate relationship. He married Persian princesses and arranged for the weddings of Persian women and Macedonian officers and soldiers. This scenario was described as the Susa wedding. He promised that the descendants conceived as a result of the marriage would be educated according
Alexander the Great is an important figure in my opinion, even though he had very short reign, he accomplished many things which other kings didn’t. By leading his people, Alexander created one of the biggest empires in the world, while remaining undefeated in battle. He first started with the destruction of Thebes, after hearing false reports of the death of Alexander, the people of Thebes decided to revolt against the Macedonian garrison. However they were wrong, Alexander was alive and because of their betrayal he destroyed the city apart from the house of Pindar, killed the soldiers, took the women and children. He did this to show people what would happen if they rebelled against him. From here, he then expanded into other parts of Persia, this led to
The main political effects the Persian empires had were the idea of cultural and religious tolerance. Through these ideas, leaders understood how important and strategic it is to keep the people from rebelling by accepting their culture and feigning interest. These new ideas built very large empires, as was the situation with Alexander the Great. The empires that housed these philosophies prospered
Most ancient rulers are called ‘The Great’ because they are the first in their family to rule. However, Alexander the Great was not the first in his family to rule yet he still received the title. Although he was only ruler of the empire for twelve years, he was still a great leader and earned the title he has now because in that time he deployed new technologies and equipment which helped him expanded the empire to as big as it ever was and defeat the Persians as well as many others. There are some people that disagree and don’t think he earned this title but others do think he was truly a great leader. He improved and strengthened the army he inherited from his father and treated them with respect. He did many things that were out of his way to make sure everything went as planned
Cyrus the Great was the first person that had the idea to take over the world, he took over and ruled a pretty good part of Asia. Debating the topic of whether or not he was a greedy ruler, I believe that he was not. Cyrus was not a greedy ruler, he cared for the people and the land in the empire.
Alexander the Great is termed as the greatest military geniuses that ever lived. He never lost a battle and Greece itself was never invaded during his rule. As King of Macedonia, Alexander conquered much of the land explored. He first defeated the rebellious Greek city-states, he then started his mission of conquering the Persian Empire which include many battles along the way. He laid the foundation for new political systems as well as spread Greek ideas, culture and life style to most of the places he conquered. New empires emerged and the Hellenistic Culture together with the Roman Civilization and Christianity created some the most powerful civilizations in the ancient world. Alexander was intelligent and handsome, but also had a
There have been many important leaders in history. Many have done great things and many have done not so great things. One of the most important leaders in history was Alexander the Great. His real name is just Alexander but where does the “Great” come from? There is reason to why Alexander is rather great than not great.
Cyrus was a great leader that stood apart from all else. He is the man that historians call “the most amiable of conquerors,” and the first king to found “his empire on generosity” instead of violence and tyranny. I think that Cyrus the Great had an authentic leadership. He achieves highest position among all world leaders throughout the human history because of the following reasons: He had high moral and ethical values, He created Persian Empire based on moral principles, Expanded the Ethical Empire to include all men who wish to join it, Freedoms of religion, job, and place of residency; being advocate of freedom of choice 2500 years ago is highly venerable, lastly, He was tolerant of local religions and local customs, just to name a few.
This would have been an effective example as it was the first real attempt to give people what we would call today, human rights and paved the way for further progression in this area. From Babylon the concept of human rights spread quickly to other countries such as Greece, India and Rome. This then inspired the formation of Natural Law in Rome which centred around unwritten rules that people tended to follow instinctively (naturally). This was in 27BC however the concept of Natural Law was not widely accepted by those in power and it was not until almost a thousand years later in England where it was decreed that no one could over rule the rights of the people. However what Cyrus the Great put in place does have some limitations and weaknesses
Alexander the great was born on July, 356 B.C. Alexander was taught by Aristotle up until his father was assassinated and Alexander took over his kingdoms at the age of 21. At the age of 23 he was battling the Persian army. The leader of the Persian army was Darius and he outnumbered Alexander's army. In the end Darius fled his men and Alexander and his army proved themselves victorious. Afterwards, Alexander traveled to Egypt to claim more land and he was named pharaoh. In Egypt, he built his first major city at the edge of the Nile. He named it Alexandria. Soon after Alexandria was built, news spread to Darius who was furious. He gathered an army and marched to attack Alexander. Once again Alexander and his army was outnumbered, but once