Abstract Cystic fibrosis is a life-threatening, genetic disease that causes persistent lung infections, and complicates a person’s ability to breathe. People with Cystic fibrosis have troubles to breathe because a broken gene causes a thick, growth of mucus in the lungs, pancreas and other organs. The mucus blocks the air passage to the lungs, and traps bacteria leading to infections, considerable lung harm, and sooner or later, respiratory failure. In the pancreas, this mucus blocks the deliverance of digestive enzymes that allow the body to break down food and absorb vital nutrients. People with this disease used to have a life expectancy of 6 months back in 1938, but now with the advances of technology and medical treatments, life expectancy is approximately 35
CYSTIC FIBROSIS INTRODUCTION Cystic fibrosis, also known as mucoviscodosis, muco meaning the mucus that builds up in the airways and blocks up the passageways. It is an autosomal recessive disorder and it can be life threatening if tests are not done at birth, especially the screening tests on new-born babies ‘’’screening tests” which are laboratory tests that help to identify infants with high risk of getting the disease or being aware of the symptoms. It is a hereditary disease that is passed on to the children by genes. Usually the parents of the child are the carriers, they both have a recessive allele for this disease and when they mate 25% chances of the first filial generation will have this disease.
Cystic fibrosis What is cystic fibrosis? Cystic fibrosis is genetic disorder characterized by abnormal chloride channels. This characteristically results in disease affecting multiple organ systems, most notably the lungs and gastrointestinal tract. Lung disease is usually manifested as obstructive lung disease due to bronchiectasis.
Cystic Fibrosis Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease that affects the lungs and the digestive system. Because this disease limits breathing ability, it is a life-threatening disease. In the United States alone, 30,000 people have cystic fibrosis and 1,000 new cases of CF are diagnosed every year. Over half the of the people with CF are over the age of 18. (About Cystic Fibrosis)
Objectives Develop an understanding of cystic fibrosis on a cellular and genetic level Understand how the disease affects the body Investigate the treatment options for this disease Understand the life of someone who has cystic fibrosis Research Summary “Cystic fibrosis is the most common fatal recessive genetic disorder among Caucasian people in the United States” (Langwith 15). Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder caused by a mutation in the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) gene. In order to inherit the disease, both parents must be carriers of the gene mutation which produces a protein that is responsible for a cell’s water balance. If the water balance reaches an abnormal level, thick mucus is secreted into the digestive system or into the lungs. The CFTR mutation occurs when a nucleotide sequence is not properly in line.
Because they also encourage mucous secretions, macrophage activity on pneumococci is decreased while bacterial adhesion to the epithelium is increased. Pneumonia is a condition that aggravates the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus causing cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. Cyanosis occurs as a result of the decrease in gas exchange through the inflamed alveolar membrane and subsequent decline in hemoglobin saturation. One of the most common complications of the flu is a bacterial infection.
This is impossible because cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease, which requires both parents to be carriers of the disease and cannot simply be contracted through contact. Another myth is that children with cystic fibrosis are unable to fully live their lives. While this might have been true in the 1950’s, where children with cystic fibrosis often did not live past elementary school, it is untrue now with advancements in treatments. According to the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, the median survival age is close to 40 years old which allows those with the disease to have more time to achieve their goals and
Clostridium Difficile Infection Clostridium difficile (C. difficile or C. diff) infection is a condition that causes inflammation of the large intestine (colon). This condition can result in damage to the lining of your colon and may lead to colitis. This condition can be passed from person to person (contagious). CAUSES C. diff is a bacterium normally found in the colon. This condition is caused when the balance of C. diff is changed and there is an overgrowth of C. diff.
Discovered in 1989, Cystic Fibrosis is the most common, fatal genetic disease in the United States. Statistics show that 30,000 people in the US have been named with this disease. (Genome) Cystic Fibrosis is a disease caused when the CFTR (Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Regulator) is defective and the cells do not release the right amount of chloride. This causes for the body to produce thick, sticky mucus that clogs up the lungs, leads to infection, blocks the pancreas, which stops the digestive enzymes from reaching the intestine. Symptoms require; salty tasting skin, wheezing, shortness of breath, persistent coughing, poor growth or weight gain, frequent/bulky stool, and male infertility.
Living with Social Anxiety Disorder By: Brandi Jester Thesis: Have you ever been excited about going out and canceled at the last minute? Had to tell someone that you were not feeling good or that you could not go because you had a last-minute emergency? When the real reason you can not go is because you did not want to leave the house is because you’re anxious about the people you will run in to. The crippling thought of having to speak to others, how you will look to them, and how they judge you.
Financial issues Cystic fibrosis is a long terminal disease that affects 1 of every 2,500 Australian babies. Being a long term disease with no cure, administration of cystic fibrosis is critical and many guardians fight financially to take care of the expense of treatment and medicine required for their child. Therefore, families are regularly searching for cystic fibrosis financial help to offer help in looking after a friend or family member. This can be an overwhelming experience for a parent, adult or family to persevere.
In this case, chronic respiratory tract infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa especially when the infection occurs in both either bronchiectasis and cystic fibrosis. These are one of the most difficult infections that are very hard to control. These serious complications requires intensive care hospitalisation or sometimes it can be fatal. This is because it is well known that patients with either infections, often develop acute exacerbations with viral or bacterial superinfection. Exacerbations means worsening of COPD symptoms such as shortness of breath, quantity and colour of phlegm that usually typically lasts for several days.
Croup In this short essay I will be describing a condition called “Croup“. Croup is also known as Larngotracheobronchitis which is an upper airway infection that blocks breathing and has a distinctive barking cough. I will be explaining on whether if Croup is contagious, why is it important to treat Croup, what type of people catch the virus, and what medications are best to treat or help ease croup. Croup is most common in young children between the ages of 1 – 3 years of age.
Did Your Child Get Fifth Disease? Know When They Can Return To Daycare One disease that may be going around at your child’s daycare is fifth disease. It is very contagious, and it can keep your kid home sick for a few days if they get it. Here is what you need to know about fifth disease, including the signs they have it and when they can safely go back to daycare.
These symptoms make it difficult for a person to live their life in peace, and overcoming these symptoms is step one to overcoming the disorder. Ordinary day-to-day activities are interrupted because of anxiety and fear. Constant worrying has a huge impact on your mental as well as physical well-being. Symptoms can be emotional as well as physical.