Name: Hemolytic uremic syndrome Overview: The hemolytic uremic syndrome is a condition characterized by destruction of red blood cells and kidney failure and often follows an infection of the digestive system caused by Escherichia coli, but can also occur for other reasons. The hemolytic uremic syndrome is a disease that involves two processes and two body systems: o destruction of red blood cells o kidney failure As regards the first aspect, it happens that in hemolytic uremic syndrome the blood within the capillaries, the smallest blood vessels in the body, begins to coagulate in an abnormal way. When red blood cells pass through the capillaries clogged, they are punched from one side and broken. (Hemo-blood + lysis-destruction). The second
They also provide respiratory therapy to patients. Pneumonia is a lung condition in which the lungs are inflamed and it is caused by bacterial or viral infections. In the Figure, it is shown that the air sacs are filled with mucus and they eventually become solid. An individual that undergoes Pneumonia has symptoms that are quite serious and life-threatening. Coughing can be serious as it produces mucus also called sputum from the lungs, shallow breathing can occur, rapid chest pain, and potentially nausea and vomiting.
One might experience respiratory signs and symptoms caused by the blocking of air passages and lungs with thick mucus such as repeated lung infections (pneumonia or bronchitis), wheezing or shortness of breath. One might also experience digestive signs and symptoms such as those mentioned in the CRTF.INFO.’s website informational article, gastrointestinal tract problems such as congenital Meconium ileus and distal intestinal obstruction syndrome, are caused by the decrease in chlorine and water secretion into the gut. These problems can play a factor in Cystic Fibrosis patient inability to absorb the vital nutrients they need. Also included is the buildup of digestive enzymes and digestion of its own tissues in the pancreas created by the thickening of exocrine secretions that block the pancreatic ducts intestinal blockage which results in bowel movement problems like diarrhea, gas, and abdominal pain. Not only can Cystic Fibrosis affect the pancreas and gastrointestinal tract but also the liver’s secretions.
Due to the malfunction in the glands that produce mucus, the lungs tend to accumulate thick mucus that eventually leads to infection, difficulty breathing and in severe cases a lung transplant or respiratory failure. This disease also effects the
Abstract Cystic fibrosis is a life-threatening, genetic disease that causes persistent lung infections, and complicates a person’s ability to breathe. People with Cystic fibrosis have troubles to breathe because a broken gene causes a thick, growth of mucus in the lungs, pancreas and other organs. The mucus blocks the air passage to the lungs, and traps bacteria leading to infections, considerable lung harm, and sooner or later, respiratory failure. In the pancreas, this mucus blocks the deliverance of digestive enzymes that allow the body to break down food and absorb vital nutrients. People with this disease used to have a life expectancy of 6 months back in 1938, but now with the advances of technology and medical treatments, life expectancy is approximately 35
Pulmonary fibrosis - Five risk factors Pulmonary fibrosis is a lung disease that occurs when the tissue deep in your lungs become thick and stiff. Over time, the damaged tissue forms scar tissue. When the scarred tissue becomes too thick, breathing becomes difficult and symptoms arise. It is most likely to affect people of age 50-75, it is a progressive disease, and determining the cause can be challenging. There are several risk factors associated with pulmonary fibrosis.
Children can take medications such as seizure or pain medication to reduce symptoms. They can also go through chest physiotherapy to reduce mucus in their lungs to reduce the risk of lung infection resulting from Tay-Sachs. Doctors may recommend a nasogastric tube or surgically insert an esophagogastrostomy tube if the child with Tay-Sachs has trouble eating. To help with muscle weakness, coordination, and stiffness, children with Tay-Sachs can go through physical therapy. Physical therapy can keep the joints flexible and maintain as large of range of motion as
Jasmine Nguyen 37852068 Child Health Psychology May 23, 2016 Cystic Fibrosis Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disease of the secretory glands that affects the person’s ability to breathe over time as well as causing persistent lung infections. The source of cystic fibrosis is a defective gene that affects the secretory glands and causes them to create mucus that is thick and sticky which eventually builds up in organs such as the lungs, pancreas, liver, sinuses, sex organs, and intestines. When mucus enters the lungs of those with cystic fibrosis, the mucus clogs the airways of the lung and leads to bacteria getting trapped which eventually results in the person getting infections of the lung, extensive lung damage, and respiratory failure. Mucus
They relax the muscles of the airways. These medications are often combined with an inhaled corticosteroid to improve asthma control. This means two areas of asthma can be treated at the same time. The bronchodilator widens the airway making it easier for the patient to breath, and the inhaled steroid reduces and prevents inflammation of the airways. Advair Diskus, Symbicort, and Dulera are three combination inhalers.
Takayasu Arteritis Takayasu arteritis is a rare condition that may also be called pulseless disease. Takayasu arteritis is caused by inflammation in your large blood vessels (vasculitis). It mainly affects your aorta, which is a large blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart, and the large blood vessels that branch off from it. Areas of the aorta or other affected blood vessels can become narrowed, blocked, or weakened because of the inflammation. This causes reduced blood flow to important body organs, which can be life-threatening.
The narrowing of these arteries can lead to weakening of the left ventricle due to the increased workload; eventually the left ventricle cannot effectively pump, resulting in blood backing up into the lungs. The fluid is then forced into the blood, through the capillaries and into the alveoli; this is known as congestive heart failure (Mayo Clinic, 2014). Another cause of cardiogenic pulmonary edema is cardiomyopathy. Cardiomyopathy also causes a weakening in the ventricles. Unlike coronary artery disease which is a result of the narrowing of the arteries, cardiomyopathy is caused by damage to the cardiac muscle (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
It can however develop rapidly in some cases. Inadequate oxygen supply to the body cells, known as hypoxia, is part of the symptoms of Eisenmenger syndrome. The most recognizable symptom will include a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes; this is referred to as cyanosis. Patients with Eisenmenger syndrome can develop cyanosis in the lips, fingernails, and toes. Due to the inadequate oxygen to the blood supply the patient may also display high levels of red blood cells.
Vaccinations help prevent life threatening illnesses including, Measles, Mumps, and Rubella. Measles cause fever, rash, cough, runny nose, and red watery eyes. The complications associated with measles include ear infection, diarrhea, pneumonia, brain damage, and death. Mumps cause fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, loss of appetite, and swollen salivary glands. Complications connected to Mumps can include, swelling of the testicles or ovaries, deafness, inflammation of the brain and/or tissue covering the brain and spinal cord, and on rare occasions, death.
Wheezing is a whistling sound produces when the air attempt to flow through a narrow passage in the lungs. This indicates the airway narrowing of the lungs may be due to mucus accumulation, swelling and spasms. Wheezing happens in COPD patients when a patient develops infection in the lungs. Similarly, some patients might complaint of chest pain which is common in COPD due to muscle pain. In addition to, fatigue is also been reported experienced by COPD patients.
The cause of dermatomyositis is unknown, but it is believed to be similar to autoimmune disorders where a person’s immune system accidently attacks its own body tissue. Dermatomyositis partially affects the small blood vessels in the muscle tissue, because inflammatory cells surround the blood vessels, which eventually causes the degeneration of muscle fibers. Some of the complications caused by dermatomyositis include: difficulty to swallowing due to affected muscles in the esophagus, aspiration pneumonia where one breathes foods into their lungs because they have difficulty swallowing, breathing problems due to affected chest muscles, and also calcium deposits that can develop in the muscles, skin, and connective tissues. Dermatomyositis can also lead to the following diseases: Raynaud 's phenomenon, lupus,