The bloodshed and carnage of WWI was still fresh in the minds of Europe. Russia had recently gone through a revolution that destroyed the monarchy, and put the leader of the Bolsheviks, the party that led the revolution, in charge. His name was Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, also known as Lenin. Lenin and the Bolsheviks practiced communism, the belief a totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production. In other words, there is no privately owned property, and all property is owned by the state.
About 6 million people died from the government-engineered famine. Stalin eliminate the Kulaks because they didn’t support him to show that he did controll Ukraine. In 1937 and 1938 the French ambassador attended the public trials that were a part of the “Great Purges”. He wrote “The lessons they (the accused) recited must have been forced from them... It is most likely the GPU [secret police] touched at his weak point...Some would give in to save their families, others in the hope of saving their own lives.” (Document 9) This is saying that at the trials, and outside of the trials people were being controlled by the secret police and desperately trying to keep their families
The conflict led to extreme amounts of casualties, a severe food shortage throughout the nation, and increased inflation. These effects of the war ultimately led to the army turning against the tsar, the public's dissatisfaction with the quality of life in Russia and widespread suffering would ultimately lead to rebellion. This uprising would eventually lead to the Tsar abdicating power and would be known as the February revolution. This revolution would create a provisional government. The new government was weak and with a large and a growing support base the Bolsheviks began taking positions in the government.
Question- How far can it be argued that the Tsar was able to control Russia before 1905 through the effective use of fear? Intro- Tsar Nicholas II came to the throne in 1894, he was an autocrat which meant he had complete power and didn’t have to consult anyone else before he made important decisions. He was not elected he felt like he had a right to rule as he believed he had been given the position by God himself. Anyone who questioned his power was sentenced without trial and many ended up being exiled to Siberia. This essay will argue the factors of how the Tsar kept control of Russia through fear by using the Okhrana and Cossacks but also other factors that contributed like the Russian Orthodox church, Russification and the Tsars politics
England had a monarchy that was limited in power by the Magna Carta, although Russia has a tsar that has complete control over everyone and everything with nothing to stand in their way. On the outside these countries monarchs may seem similar, but near the core they are very different. In summary, England and Russia were similar and different in my aspects of their monarchs. They both had to overcome the struggle of invaders, but Russia defeated them while England got overtaken by them. Also, both countries had a parliament, but England shared power with them while Russia overthrew them leaving them in the dust.
In the early 1900’s Russia entered a terminal crisis. Tens of thousands of soldiers were deserted, cities were affected by major food shortages, and the economy was breaking down, and the streets were filled with angry people. People desperately needed reform and this lead to the February Revolution. The Russians overthrew the previous ruling provisional government and the Soviet Union took control. Vladimir Lenin wrote a very intelligent manifesto to rally up the people to continue to revolt and keep the newly gained control of the government Vladimir wrote a very dramatic manifesto with the intention of encouraging the Russian people to fight back against the government they overthrew so they can maintain it.
Kravchuk is the epitome of a pragmatist as shown by Plokhy, who’s policies could accurately be described as the essence of realpolitik. He was the chairman of the Ukrainian Soviet parliament when Ukraine declares independence, making him the de facto leader. Plokhy wisely points out the Kravchuk was indeed a communist, but shows him as a political chameleon when power shifts. Following the failure of the August Coup, “Kravchuk immediately did what the opposition deputies had been demanding for days: he jumped on Yeltsin’s bandwagon.” Kravchuk’s pragmatism is what kept Ukraine out of a new union, and at arms length in the new Commonwealth of Independent States. Finally, Yeltsin becomes a rebel figure for Plohky, attempting to lead the strongest Russia possible out of the ashes of the union.
Stalin’s use of Strong language shows us how truly serious the Soviet Union were going to be in promoting and carrying out their plans. The use of state terror to encourage such production increases proves this even further. The regime also used propaganda in the form of Stakhanovism to promote the industrial revolution that the country went through. This use of propaganda promoted Aleksei Stakhanov as the ideal Soviet worker who could apparently produce one hundred and two tonnes of coal in one shift. This, along with the use of piece rate as a means of salary shows how important production was going to be in the industrialisation of the Soviet
Lenin’s new government wanted to peacefully take Russia out of World War I, with no imperialism or capitalism involved. Russia had lost about one-third of its population (1.7 million soldiers) from World War I. Lenin, through the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, took Russia out of World War I due to the lives and resources the war caused Russia to lose. “‘Peace’, in Lenin’s usage, meant not only withdrawal from the imperialist war but also recognition that such withdrawal ‘is impossible...without the overthrow of capital’” (Fitzpatrick 51). Lenin wanted to get rid of capitalism and imperialism in Russia because of the unrest he knew it would cause, in order to create and preserve peace in
With a feeling of distrust towards the educated and raised by a dysfunctional family, Joseph Stalin released his anger over all of Russia with mass amounts of power. Joseph Stalin, the leader of Russia from 1924 until his death, is remembered as a murderous dictators, creating the largest man-made famine in history, all as leader of the communist party of Russia. Born into a poor, dysfunctional family, Stalin had a feeling of distrust and anger toward those around him instilled in him from a young age. He quit his education as a priest, as he was drawn towards revolutionaries and the Bolshevik movement. His actions, however, were unlike Lenin, the leader of the Bolshevik party; Stalin was reckless, and his actions drew Lenin’s attention, allowing
Before the Russian Revolution, Russia had many failures during the war that prevented them from reaching victory. Citizens started to question the tsar’s ability to solve the country’s internal problems. After the demand for the tsar to step down and the troops joined the protesters, Nicholas II abdicated the throne. The February Revolution began with the women protesting in the streets for food. During this time, the parliament consisted of upper class Russians.
The Bolsheviks, a group led by Vladimir Lenin and Alexander Bogdanov, rose to power. This group believed in militant communism and made empty promises to the Russians. When their promises allowed them to gain more popularity than the constitutionally democratic group of Kerensky, they overthrew them. (Trueman) The Bolsheviks took complete control and arrested the immediate family of Nicholas II. The family and servants that were willing to go with them were exiled to Siberia, where they were held captive for a year.
Cuban Vs Russian (1917) Revolutions Russia‘s 1917 revolution started with an incubation stage. There were many events belonging to this stage including the oppression by Nicholas II to the russians due to revolting citizens, and Bloody Sunday in 1905, a massacre against unarmed protestants in front of the palace. Cuba 's had as one of its events, Fulgencio Batista, seizing power during an Election and Fulgencio Batista four years later canceling a new election taking power again, making Cuba opressed under his rule, not required to give them freedom. Just as Russia had an opressing leady, Cuba was controlled by one as well. Both countries were stripped of certain rights as non-democratic governments ruled over them.
Together, these Khrushchev used these four tools to his advantage and over time he slowly became the new leader of Russia that everyone cited with “de-Stalinization.” In his speeches, Nikita Khrushchev chastised Joseph Stalin and tried to belittle him as a person much as he possibly could. He made claims that Stalin was single-handedly responsible for taking Russia off of a safe course of development and putting it on one that did not yield the desired results. Taking things one step further, he also claimed that many of his opponents were at one point or another working with Stalin as he committed these “crimes” against the Russian people
The Romanov Family: Standing for Imperial Russia In the Russian empire there were two dynasties to rule, the Rurikids and the Romanov. Between the Rurikids dynasty (862-1547) there were four certain parts of Russia that were ruled by princes: Novgorod, Kiev, Vladimir, and Moscow. The Tsars of Russia 1547-1721 (ruler of all Russia) was the first to rule. Its was expected of him since his grandfather Ivan III made the Grand Duchy of Moscow into a dominant Russian state and was affecting the ruler of Russia. Ivan IV ruled from 1547-1584 when his mental capabilities stated to decline and affect his reign.