They migrate to achieve some goals. Lahiri’s fiction also highlights these reasons of migration, which have been discussed below:- 4.1.2 Education The first reason behind the migration of major characters in Lahiri’s fiction is education. Everyone wants to get better education in the life. According to Mishra, in the past many people migrated to other countries to trade and to spread religion (47). During the British period, many people from the subcontinent migrated to Europe due to their miseries and sorrows.
Historically, there has been what the feminists refer as education segregation. The term was given to the unfair treatment of girls as far as education was concerned (Daubié). Initially, the most common method of education was single sex education. Females did not attend schools but were educated at home. It developed that way mainly because in the early centuries only the males were allowed to get a proper education.
In the novels it reflects the presence of not only patriarchal dominance, but also religious, cultural, and racial puissance. Ironically, the reaction of oppressed to the oppressor tends to hasten rebellion instead of discourage it. Cruelty, in turn, highlights both the strength of different characters and societies and their points of fragility and misuse of power, and pushes its victims to break out of the boxes they have been forced in. Things Fall Apart uses cruelty as a critical centerpiece to much of the novel’s events. Its main character, Okonkwo, is built off of it.
During this period, freedom of feelings and creativity. This may have lead to Extreme Skepticism to occur after all the writings infused with strong feelings. Sigmund Freud's book Civilisation and its Discontents prove that his writings make him one of the founders of Modernism. The theme of “Conscience and the Super-Ego” (Gradesaver, Civilisation and its Discontents) plays out in the book as a form of Skepticism. He argues that the Super-Ego is responsible for the “discontents” that human beings experience in civilisation as “The super-ego often puts severe demands on the individual that he cannot realistically met, causing great unhappiness.” (Gradesaver, Civilisation and its Discontents).
2. Radical Political renegotiation through critical ruptures and one’s voice In this section we are going to focus on more radical forms of political renegotiation, beyond the reformist liberal perspective, in particular on the work of Judith Butler and Adriana Cavarero. Butler is well known for having theorised a form of resistance and political re-negotiation as subversion of the subject against the normative system of forced choice, in which, the subject itself is defined. It is important to acknowledge the Hegelian root of her subject and political theory in order to understand Butler’s thought. Such Hegelian root is especially evident in her first work, Subjects of Desire.
Authenticity and inauthenticity have always been the central concerns of existentialism. In this essay, Sartre’s notion of authenticity and inauthenticity will be analyzed. A brief comparison between Heidegger’s and Sartre’s notion of authenticity will be covered as well. Next, this essay will also attempt to explain how inauthenticity is a central concern for Sartre as it is viewed as a method for humankind to evade responsibility and ignoring the freedom they have. Lastly, this essay will discuss why Sartre’s view account of inauthenticity leads to an important implications on the society.
Syed Khan was known for regenerating the Muslim culture with the establishment of schools, colleges and university. He started the successful Aligarh movement which put great emphasize on the cause of Urdu. Bringing the cause of Urdu, he tried to formulate the political demands on behalf of all Indian Muslims thus creating a pan Islamic movement in India among the Muslim community. Besides, in order to foster communal consciousness and brotherhood, he founded the Muslim Educational Conference in 1886 as a platform for the Muslim intellectuals in Indian subcontinent, This platform gained momentum during that time period because it helped with the process and articulation of their demands and defend their interests and vent out their grievances, thus playing a role of the Congress for the Muslims. The Aligarh movement which Syed Khan had started became the source of modernist and rational thinking among the Muslim intellectuals.
Discontentment at the promotion of English over a native language is far from a new phenomenon. During the height of the British Empire, Indian subjects were encouraged to adopt Western dress and customs, and, more importantly, learn English. Highly coveted and well paid government jobs required English language examination, and were often seen as a sign of status. By 1857 this had created a class divide, fuelling resentment over the importation of Western culture and language. This rise in Indian nationalism would ultimately motivate the country to successfully seek independence from Britain (Anderson, 2012).
The ethnic/regional/tribal/religious groups demand independence and refuse to submit to the authority of the central government. These groups want complete self-rule and special position in the state. The identity crisis can be interpreted in many ways into the political process.It generally ref1ects the sentiments of nationalism and the desire of the people to live together in a common place. It implies that the identity crisis is the feeling of an individual’s association with a particular political system. In the process of political change, an identity crises occurs "when a community guides that it had once unquestionably accepted as physical and psychological definitions of its collective self are no longer acceptable under new territorial conditions" (Samuel, 1971).
Readers may interpret his works in ways of tyranny toward the regime, society in some fashions. He utilises his works to expose the wrongdoings that the ascendant entities commit under our nasal discerners, “they’re bringing them home, now, too tardy, too early.” may represent this conception, or “... the one no lawyer in the land could