Actually post-colonial criticism is the way of cultural criticism. Post-colonial criticism always criticizes the cultural value, have views and analyze the art and texts which was written by the people who were living under the racism and colonial power by Europe. Basically colonialism is a west practice in Africa and Asia. Post-colonialism shows the effects of colonialism in Africa and other colonized countries. Edward Said is one of the great philosophers who concentrate on the colonization of 3rd world by
The conqueror has no interest in the culture of the conquered that are considered in need of civilizing. As a result of civilizing mission/ the mask of imperialism, colonized people have been stripped of their own language and, without their own culture, they lived with inferiority complex. As Fanon says “The Negro is enslaved by his inferiority, the white man is enslaved by his superiority” (Fanon 42). Gandhiji also points out that “Hundreds of youth believe that without knowledge of English, freedom for India is practically impossible...All these are for me signs of our slavery and degradation” (Gandhi 175). Even though all the nationalist leaders were unique in their struggle for freedom, their notions of the colonizer were the
But the Untouchability among the Hindus involves the isolation of a class which accounts for millions of people. Non-Hindu societies only isolated the affected individuals. They did not segregate them to ghettos. The Hindu society insists on segregation of the Untouchables. They won’t live in the quarters of the Untouchables and will not allow the Untouchables to live inside the Hindu quarters.
1. Freedom was part of the colonial project and one of the most important justifications for the imperial occupation of Africa. The African continent was seen as an space of cruel slave domination. The slavery was understood as savagery, and the freedom as the main characteristic of the civilized world. Despite those interpretation, the relationship between freedom and slavery was less clear on the East African coast: ties originated from kinship and serfdom had a different meaning in this space.
It sought to dehumanise the African people. Thus, the dawn of African Literature was in response to the denigrations, history and myths constructed about Africa in conjunction with the colonial enterprise by European authors. This essay is an evaluation of whether African literature has been successful in reclaiming the stories of Africa. It will assume the that stance through the reiteration of African experiences through African characters; African literature has indeed managed to reclaim its stories. To consolidate that stance, the essay will be based on the analysis of Tsitsi Dangarembga’s Nervous Conditions, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s A Private Experience and Njabulo S. Ndebele’s The Prophetess.
As a matter of fact colonized people attempts to articulate their identity and reclaim their past in the face of that past 's inevitable otherness. It can also deal with the way in which literature in colonizing countries appropriates the language, images, scenes, traditions and so forth of colonized countries. (Slemon, S 1995: 99-116) Typically, the proponents of the theory examine the ways in which writers from colonized countries attempt to articulate and even celebrate their cultural identities and reconstruct them from the colonizers. They also examine ways in which the literature of the colonial powers is used to justify colonialism through the perpetuation of images of the colonized as inferior. However, attempts at coming up with a single definition of postcolonial theory have proved controversial, and some writers have strongly critiqued the whole concept.
Re-visioning of the tragic history like slave trade and indentured labourers, and g. Transition of ‘new society,’ ‘new identity,’ and ‘new world’ (creole and hybrid). Very basically, and in a literary context, postcolonialism involves one or more of the following. John McLeod in his work Beginning of Postcolonialism explains the three elements that postcolonialism entails: a. Reading texts produced by writers from countries with a history of colonialism, primarily, those texts which are concerned with the workings and legacy of colonialism in the past or the present. b.
The study seeks to examine the painful experience of displacement that characterizes border crossing. The objective is also to undertake a comparative study of the forms of oppression and the subsequent subversion of the hegemonic practices. Space affects sociality. The politics of space impacts and mediates identity formation. Therefore the study also seeks to examine the spatial aspect of identity formation.
Social exclusion is a much broader concept than poverty but it does encompass it. It focuses on what factors prevents an individual from having the same opportunity given to the majority of the community. In India even though the caste system was abolished in the 1950’s it is yet hard to get rid of the age old system that segregates the society groups such as the Adivasi’s and davits aka untouchables or even out caste are considered to be the lowest in the caste system and are excluded in many spheres of life. This I believe in some way creates an artificial poverty line which divides people based on caste, gender and religion. Birth would decide their occupation and their economic fate.