The fact that the cells may come from embryos is not an objection, because the embryos are going to die anyway.” (Stephen Hawking) There are multiple pros and cons to stem cell research. Some pros might be the innovative idea about stem cell research which is primarily due to the medical benefits in areas of regenerative medicine and therapeutic cloning. Stem cells provide huge potential for finding treatments and cures to a vast array of diseases including different cancers, diabetes, spinal cord injuries, Alzheimer's, MS, Huntington's, Parkinson's and more. There is endless potential for scientists to learn about human growth and cell development from studying stem cells. Some cons might be that the stem cells primarily come from terminated pregnancy.
One substitute is testing on synthetic livers, which can predict the liver’s metabolic reactions to drugs in a process that is quicker, cheaper, and more accurate than animal testing. In merely one test on a synthetic liver, it provided a level of specificity which previously would have required testing on 1,000 rats and 100 dogs. Another form of testing is in vitro (in glass) testing, which is the study of cell cultures in petri dishes. This option can produce more relevant results than animal testing because actual human cells can be used. An additional form is microdosing ─ the administering of doses too small to cause adverse reactions ─ which can be used in human volunteers, whose blood is then analyzed.
Supporters say animal testing is beneficial for medical research and also a key discovery to all sorts of new cures and medicines. While others say animal testing is unreliable, cruel and wasting the lives of many. Key issues in this debate include whether animal testing is beneficial for medical research or animal testing is cruel and should be avoided. Animal testing
Giving a child an adult sized heart, would cause major complications. The cloning of human body parts, would fix this small problem. The cloning of human body parts needs to be allowed because, it's safer and easier then traditional transplant surgery, it could help cure diseases, shows other countries how
Advancement in genetic research has enabled setting up of laboratories in various countries for trials of human cloning from somatic cells. Some institutions argue that they have successfully cloned human embryos although such claims are not yet proven (Ayala 8879). Genetic engineering and technologies aim at recreating human beings a process that poses an ethical dilemma despite being of high application in various medical fields such as in animal cloning. The first clone on sheep named Dolly was in 1997, which was estimated to have a success rate of between one and four percent (Kuhse 19). However, in human beings, the percentage may lower and may interfere with the natural biological order of life.
Many people believe that scientists should develop a clone human but government are against human cloning. Cloning has several of prejudice. For example, expanded danger of acquired infections comes from the way that all clones have the same qualities and in this manner may be helpless to a specific kind of sickness. This may result in one sickness wiping out a whole population. Another inconvenience is absence of quality variety.
Thesis Statement: Unethical medical practices are unacceptable procedures that can be used for the benefit of mankind. Issues in unethical procedures in the medical field are common context discussed in debates. The main question among these procedures is its violation in the moral context of such activities. Such procedures do not satisfy laws, principles and theories based on the accepted norms and ideas and influenced by customs, cultures and beliefs that are generalized as good. However, results on some unethical procedures brought beneficial results on mankind such as the development of polio vaccine and discovery of human telomerase which was made possible in the extraction of Henrietta Lacks’ cells without her consent.
This allows for variation in species and a better way to cope with changes and stresses in the environment In conclusion, Epigenetics is a double edged sword. It has both positive aspects that have helped the human population survive and grow but it has also has caused disease and unstable DNA. With this knowledge, Scientists are testing the possible of artificially modifying the epigenome through gene therapy. This can cure diseases such as cancer, diabetes and Alzheimer’s and creating a new human population that is able to adapt to various environmental
For instance, surgeons rely on safe equipment, such as medical cameras,which are inserted into a patient’s body in order to view their organs without making incisions. Also, vaccines against deadly diseases have been produced due to technology that examines the illness and produces antibodies, protein that helps the immune system identify a virus or bacteria. Polio, malaria, and MMR(measles, mumps, and rubella) are attacked by the vaccines and, according to the World Health Organization, about 3 million lives are saved each year which prevent many others from contracting