Divine Retribution In the beginning of Dante’s Inferno, Dante is met by the spirit Virgil, who proposes to guide him through the nine circles of hell. The theme of divine retribution is seen all throughout The Inferno. Dante describes divine retribution as “the punishment fitting the crime.” Each circle of hell represents a different kind of sin. The reason behind each circle of hell in the book is because each sinner receives the punishment fitting the crime they have committed while they were on Earth. There are several things in each circle that prove the theme of divine retribution.
While many may be surprised that Dante never addressed idolatry in his Inferno it can be found in the overlaying scheme of his book. Although Dante does not specifically address idolatry, each of these examples show how idolatry is at the root of many sins. Each soul put their idol whether it was food, money, or love, in front of God, and each of these acts of idolatry are what lead them to
In Dante’s Inferno, he writes about his journey through hell for the purpose of recognizing his sins. He goes through this journey with Virgil, a voice of reason for Dante. Dante meets people through his journey of the many circles in the Inferno that lead him down into the center of hell, where Satan is. Satan is seen as being monster-like with three heads, representing a mocking of the Trinity and blowing his wings around the cocytus river. The final thing seen here is the fact that Dante’s description of Satan is a bit disappointing compared to the other descriptions he has written about the inferno.
However, his demeanor changes when he rejects another shade, Filippo, by pushing him back into the River Styx. Filippo Argenti was a political rival of the author, so Dante the Poet is punishing him for this opposition. The character Dante’s conflicting treatments of sinners shows he is not as grounded in his beliefs and Dante the Poet. Dante as the author is a logical assigner of penance, in contrast to his more emotional
In the Inferno, Dante describes the different levels of hell and the punishment which corresponds to the sin. Dante categorize hell into three major sins consisting of incontinence, violence, and fraudulent. Fraudulent is portrayed as the worse sin in the Inferno while incontinence is seen as a less serious sin. Each category has sinners which have all been punished for their wrong doings in life. The three major sins consist of circles where Dante separates the different sinners.
Dr. Raffa also points this out by stating, “On the terrace of envy, Dante admits that he already feels the weight of rocks used to flatten the pride of penitents on the first terrace. . . .” which he says may give light to why Dante seems to include himself amongst the great poets in limbo (Raffa). When the angel carved the P’s onto Dante forehead he carved one for every deadly sin, P standing for the Italian words for sins “peccate” (Stephany).
Dante 's depiction of suicides ' punishment, from a modern perspective, seems too harsh for the nature of the crime. The crime seems to neither deserve such a low place in hell nor warrant a harsh punishment. However, after closer examination of the text and context, Dante 's punishment for people who were violent against themselves is justifiable. The Christian ideology of the connection between body and soul, explains this contrapasso of the suicides. The souls inhabiting the suicide forest were sent there because they were violent against themselves.
After hearing her story and seeing her torment, Dante becomes overwhelmed to the point of fainting. His response to sin at this point is contrary to the Christian view; however, his responses evolve throughout the journey. In conclusion, Dante’s Inferno implicitly communicates to mankind through an allegorical presentation about an individual’s detour off a righteous path leading him into the depths of Hell. He gradually learns that God’s justice prevails, no one can escape eternal damnation unless they
Namely, Inferno excluded hypocrites and those who commit violence against themselves. While both are biblical sins, neither are suggested as being so heinous that the sinners are denied redemption by Christ. Joseph Kameen believes that ¨Dante primarily intended to explain biblical justice through his contrapasso,¨(Kameen), but ¨inevitably added some of his own invention,¨(Kameen). It could be possible that Dante was more focused on making ironic punishment for sinners than fair ones. Circles with more malevolent-minded individuals were allowed redemption, while these two were eternally