Kurt Vonnegut has used his talent of writing to illustrate warnings of our society and point out intrusive messages that made him one of the most influential writers in American literature. With his gift of satirical humor combined with animated imagery he explores and pokes fun of complex issues such as war and religion from using his books as well as inviting the reader to alternative worlds that holds made-up deities and religion that invokes questions of reflections to conceive the world around us. Kurt Vonnegut was born in 11 November 1922 in Indianapolis, Indiana where he was born into a considerably wealthy family. His good life ended, however, when the Great Depression hit the economy leading to his parents’ downfall with alcoholism
“Cogito ergo sum,” or in layman 's terms, “I think therefore I am.” This statement is possibly one of the most famous latin quotes of all times, said by René Descartes himself. Descartes was one the great french philosophers, mathematicians and scientists in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. Outlandish to some and inventive to others, his theories shaped the way we view psychology today and set him apart from other philosophers and scientists at that time. Maybe an oddity to us humans now, but at the time his work was revolutionary and extraordinary. Descartes was an exceptional man, who wrote many engaging and thought provoking books.
The rediscovery of ancient texts and the invention of printing made learning much more available, and allowed the faster spread of ideas. Science and art were very strongly linked in the early years of the Renaissance, with people such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo being polymaths rather than simply artists. Da Vinci made observations and controlled experiments, and his principles of research has led to him being described as ‘the father of modern science’. In 1492 the discovery of ‘New World’ by Christopher Columbus challenged the classical world view as the ancient works of Ptolemy on geography and Galen on medicine were found not always to meet everyday observations. More general scientific revolution began in 1543, when ‘De Humani Corporis Fabrica’ or ‘On the workings of the human body’ which gave a mechanical view of an anatomy, was first printed.
He had been a fascinating person so ever in the field of fiction filled with adventure. In the end, what intrigues us most about the robot stories and novels is the conviction that we are no better than the robots, and perhaps worse. Perhaps we are simply the servants of human history, and our discovery of the Zeroth Law led to our Fall from grace. Science fiction started to blossom when the masterpiece of Asimov’s work “The End Of Eternity” flourished and ultimately ended up being claimed as one of the best novels of Science Fiction worth reading. In the book, Andrew Harland, a man of eternal views dwells into the past and the present time to bring in changes in Cause-Effect relationships.
In the Early Renaissance, humanism became a popular ideology, originating in France and spreading throughout Europe. As this concept spread, it inspired many philosophers including Dante, Petrarch and Boccaccio. Dante was the first of these writers to apply humanistic concepts to his work, which later influenced Petrarch. Petrarch did not use Dante’s work as a source of inspiration, but expressed his admiration towards his lover in the same manner as Dante. In comparison, Boccaccio was inspired by Petrarch, because after being criticized for his faith, Petrarch reassured him in saying that there are alternatives to achieving heaven.
In Dante’s Inferno, the character of Virgil acts as a guide through Hell and Purgatory. In addition to this, it is almost universally agreed that Virgil is a depiction of the full extent of human intellect and that he also acts as a microcosm of how a good government should act. There are many reasons for this belief, such as how helpful he is throughout the two books he is in and where he is located in hell. The author Dante does something extra with Virgil and the character Dante though. Virgil is a representation of the Empire like Rome that Dante wanted to be established, and his relationship with Dante is a microcosm of the Church and the State.
With several theories regarding the incarnation of Christ, the concept endures as one of the most intriguing historical acclamations known to man. An approach worth noting is that of Beatrice, the beautiful and powerfully critical individual present in Dante’s work, The Divine Comedy. Beatrice displays an impressive amount of knowledge as Dante unravels several inquiries in relation to the incarnation of Christ. She critiques his hypothesis, allowing her to demonstrate her authority while responding to Dante’s set of questions. Another vantage point with a fascinating opinion covering the incarnation of Christ is that of Saint Anselm.
Many Enlightenment thinkers and philosophers tried to bring reforms to governments during the 1600s and 1700s. Those new ideas and thoughts brought huge impact and development mostly on Europe, but they also influenced a lot in other parts of the world such as United Sates. Enlightenment thinkers and philosophers such as John Locke, Rousseau, Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Adam Smith inspired many people to think in a new ways, challenging traditional
Not only did he attack the Church, he also criticized other philosophers and their works as well. As a man of science, Voltaire looked up to and respected the works of Isaac Newton, writing many documents about his work. His works of the Enlightenment era eventually shaped Western philosophy as we know it today. Voltaire, although insane, was one of the most influential writers of the
The Abbasid Dynasty: The Golden Age of Islamic Civilization Because of a few exceptionally competent caliphs and their guides, the Abbasid Caliphate flourished through the early ninth century, notwithstanding the significant difficulties of decision an enormous and multiethnic domain. Al-Ma'mun embraced the radical Mu'tazili religious philosophy, which was impacted by Greek logic and held that God could be seen through reasonable request, and that conviction and practice ought to be liable to reason. He built the mihna, a probe in which the adherence of researchers and authorities to Mu'tazili philosophy was tried, and they could be detained or even murdered in the event that they didn't take after the religious philosophy. Accordingly, al-Ma'mun's rule saw a becoming division between the Isalmic sovereign and the Isalmic individuals. This division was exacerbated by his production of a multitude of Central Asian fighters faithful just to him.