During the 1800s Dark Romanticism, sometimes referred to as Gothic Romanticism, entered the world of literature. Unlike the writings before this time, Dark Romanticism showed the sinful thoughts that had not been previously shown in the world. Unlike the previous fiction stories or novels such as fairytales that used creative, positive stories to escape reality, these dark and sometimes supernatural writings eluded reality by taking its readers into disturbing and sometimes sacrilegious situations. Edgar Allan Poe and Nathaniel Hawthorne both used symbols to illustrate elements of Dark Romanticism. The symbols within the stories of these great writers revealed the impending darkness and gloom that characterized Dark Romanticism.
Puritan’s harsh beliefs represented the beginning of the Nineteenth Century in the newly colonized America. Their community ruled with an iron fist: unforgiving, pitiless, stern. In The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne expresses his disagreement with puritan priorities by revealing the hypocrisy widely practiced throughout their community. Hawthorne’s utilization of dim diction aids in the establishment of his scornful tone, while inclusion of symbols and intricate juxtaposition all serve to accentuate the Puritan’s duplicity. All these factors combine to develop a critical tone which rebukes puritan society.
Dark Romanticism evolves from works of the Romantic Period (1798-1870) with characteristics of horror fiction and death. It is taken as a reaction of the Transcendental Movement, which originated abreast the Romantic Period from 1830 to 1860. Known writers like Edgar Allan Poe, Herman Melville, and Nathaniel Hawthorne found that the ideas displayed in the Transcendental works were idealistic and rose-colored, as a result, they opt to alter these works adding their own element hence this was the birth of the subgenre. To explore more about this subgenre we have three Americans mentioned above that are considered as major Dark Romantics authors. Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston, Massachusetts on January 19, 1809.
1. How did the absence of religion within the story affect the traits displayed by the characters in terms of immorality? The Great Gatsby touches themes like infidelity, deception, and a number of what people can consider as immoral acts throughout the story. There have been many notions considering the 1920s as an era of radical extremes, economic disparities, division of social classes, and moral callousness. The author wanted to pattern and group the characters in such a way that emphasizes the negative characteristics that was prominently observed within this time period.
The Tell-Tale heart is a story about a killing. It is creepy story that will leave you thinking. In the Tell-Tale heart, Edgar Allen Poe uses dark details, figurative language, and connotative diction to create a horrifying mood. Poe’s use of dark details create a horrifying mood. One example is, “I moved slowly-very, very slowly so that I might not disturb the old man’s sleep.”(Poe 175) This shows detail because when he describes how the narrator moves he uses details to get the point clear.
My topic for this IB Individual oral presentation will be the affect that Edgar Allan Poe’s works had on his life. We already know that Poe was a very dark person and what I want to address is if he wrote such low-spirited things due to his gloomy life or if it was the writing that turned him into the dreadfully sad man he was. I have chosen this topic because Edgar Allan Poe was a very mysterious man and I find it interesting that his short stories and poems may display some of what he was feeling as if they explained his enigmatic life, but was it because he was felt more comfortable in his stories than the real world? I have three pieces that will be addressed in my IOP and they are The Raven, The Black Cat and Alone. The raven and Alone
“To what extent does the inclusion of romanticism undermine the impact of the gothic elements in Shelly’s ‘Frankenstein’ and Poe’s “Tell-Tale Heart’?” The literary works in the 19th century were heavily influenced by the Romantic Era that originated in the late 18th century and signaled a period radically contrasting to its preceding era, the Age of Enlightenment , in the sense that emotions were valued more than reason, and the human intuition was key, science was seldom regarded and imagination was encouraged, these changes reflected themselves on the literary works during this period, including the works explored in this essay, as well as on other fields such as music, visual arts, etc . Romanticism is defined as “An artistic and intellectual movement characterized by a heightened interest in nature, emphasis on the individual's expression of emotion and imagination.” ‘Frankenstein’ and ‘Tell-Tale Heart’, both regarded as gothic works, show elements of romanticism incorporated within, this essay will study to what extent this inclusion undermines the impact of the gothic elements of each work. Authors’ lives Before diving into the
The initial thought at the mention of dark sided communication tends to revolve around the exemplification of evil, psychotic or scary behaviors and practices. The association of dark sided communication is with negative personality traits featuring the dark triad or instances of obsessive relational intrusion. Typically, images of murders, psychopaths or stalkers come to mind at these communicative classifications. Consistent with the other subjects of dark sided issue, these perceptions are misconceptions developed by society as a means of glorifying love and assembling an idealized trajectory of relationships. While the three personality traits of the dark triad: psychopathy, Machiavellianism and narcissism all share malevolent qualities, people embodying the
Gothic Literature is a genre that was popular between 18th to 19th centuries in North Germany. It is always being associated with Dark Romanticism which the emphasize was more on nature, terror and death, horror and many more. It involves dark and gloomy setting and also unexplainable things that are beyond human senses and reason such as ghosts and monsters. The main characters, on the other hand, are always ineffectual which they do not give much effect on the story plot. This can be seen through Washington Irving’s “Rip van Winkle” and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow” which can be considered as American gothic work in terms of its description of setting, the involvement of supernatural element in the story and also the characteristics of the main character.
The “blackness about his eyes” also alludes to the fact that he has an immoral side that is emerging. Black has connotations with evil, death and darkness. People of the Victorian era thought appearance reflected personality (many judgements today are still based on appearances alone). Hyde is presented as significantly deformed by Stevenson who wishes to emphasise how wicked Hyde is. Having Jekyll have blackness about his eyes, shows that there is an immense evil hidden within him.