Darseni's Theory Of Learning

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Synthesis of Lynn and Darseni’s Learning Theories Both theories share the understanding that learning is a complex, multi-dimensional system of interactive processes. Many elements need to come together to result in a useful and desirable learning experience. However, the theories differ on a philosophical and organisational level. Lynn’s theory sees learning as many episodes where each results in change or insight. The learning can range from major growth (e.g. change in personality and habits) or a minor one (e.g. development of a skill). However, Darseni’s theory of learning takes a holistic approach, where learning is cumulative and result in developing an individual who is reflective and self-regulated. We will discuss compare and contrast…show more content…
These experiences interact with activities (Lynn: concrete and abstract guidance; Darseni: learner-centric authentic learning experiences) during the learning episode to result in learning. However, the theories differ on the learner’s role in initiating the learning process, because Lynn’s leaves the initiator of the experience open, while Darseni’s stresses that learning experiences need to be learner-initiated or based on learner’s interest. The difference is due to the different objectives of learning. The initiator is not important in Lynn’s theory because learning is considered achieved as long as the learner demonstrates a change or acquisition of a skill. On the other hand, the initiator is important in Darseni’s theory because learning only takes place when the learner becomes self-directed and reflective. There needs to be a focus on the self, rather than the product, therefore, effective learning can only occur when it stems from the individual. Further, learner initiated experiences are more effective in ensuring engagement. The different expectation of the role of the learner stems from what the theories consider as the goal of…show more content…
The reason lies with how Lynn’s theory veers towards that of cognitivism, and learning is measurable in small units and achievements. Darseni’s veers towards that of constructivism. While there aren’t any distinguished structure defined in Darseni’s theory, prior experiences are regarded as key construct, because learning is viewed in a much larger spectrum – where learning is the cumulative development of the entire learner who moves from the disposition of one who requires guidance to the one who is
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