Civilization is the cooperation between individuals within a region. The first civilizations were Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations. Both civilizations acquired a different environment. However, their environment promoted religion, specifically polytheism. Although their environments were different, both civilizations were in harmony about the existence of many gods.
1st paragraph- Mahatma Gandhi once said: “Anger is the enemy of non-violence and pride is a monster that swallows it up.” Pride is seen by many as a weakness but pride is what encourages many to prove themselves. Odysseus’ major flaw is believing he is greater than any other human, sometimes even the gods. Odysseus demonstrates this weakness when he encounters the Cyclops and enrages him by trespassing into the one-eyed beast's cave. When Odysseus finally escapes he yelled his name to the Cyclops, out of pride, when he could have used a decoy name. Zeus decides to teach Odysseus a lesson for hurting his son and provides many obstacles for Odysseus on his journey home.
One example of this is in the quote,”Odysseus defies immortality twice in his journey; he embraces his mortality and that is what gives him the strength to withstand all the difficulties he faces. In addition, he is unbelievably clever and witty. We find out through the Odyssey that Odysseus was the man that saved the Greeks in the Trojan War and helped them win this terrible war.”(Hero) In the quote it is
Religion in ancient times was no different than modern day. The ancient Romans and ancient Greeks both had unique religious beliefs that impacted their lives. While their beliefs were unique to their culture, they also shared some similarities. Religion in ancient Rome included a variety of beliefs integrated together. Ancient Rome was the birthplace of Christianity, but they also worshipped other gods similar to ancient Greece.
However, later in life Achilles accepts his fat and realized the fact that death is inevitable. Gilgamesh, on the other hand, fears death. Also, Achilles believed that it death is not worthy as dying with glory in a battle, while Gilgamesh always fears death as he thought it will not let him find the glory in battle. Another difference is the way in which they both depict the women in the stories. In Gilgamesh, Shamash, a temple prostitute is introduced and sent to sleep with Enkidu.
In the end, Odysseus shows that he's a hero by being brave, fighting through the gods' curse, and never giving up on your goals just like the modern day hero, Bethany Hamilton. First of all, Odysseus proves to be a hero because he shows certain character traits such as being brave like Bethany Hamilton. He showed that he's brave when he and his men “bored that great eye socket” of Poseidon's son, Polyphemus (Homer, “The Cyclops” 337). Odysseus demonstrates his bravery by making a sharp stick and sticking it in the cyclops' eye, fully knowing that Polyphemus could have woken up any minute and easily have killed Odysseus and his men. By being brave, Odysseus was able to help his men get out of the cave, thus being a hero.
When Teiresias comes to warn Creon of the gods wrath, they get into an argument with Creon saying “Dost know at whom thou glancest, me thy lord?”(54). Creon’s arrogance leads him to ignore the warnings of a prophet, who would normally be considered very trustworthy. Through ignoring this warning, Creon initiates the tragedy that will come. He
The Odyssey by Homer is a book that involves the Journey of Odysseus and his men and the Obstacles they come across. The Odyssey portrays many themes including vengeance, hospitality, courage, bravery and more. Odysseus experiences some good and bad during his journey. He comes across people who help him, but also comes across creatures who hold him back. Odysseus is an Epic hero because of his quick thinking skills, bravery, and confidence for himself and his men.
Odysseus, father of Telemachus, obtains most of the qualities that are similar to his son, and has his own set of qualities that define him. Odysseus is strong, devoted, and a warrior. In Odysseus’ journey back home, he undergoes the punishment set for him by the gods. He and his crew encounter the sirens, the lotus eaters, the cyclops, and are stranded on an island with a beautiful goddess, Circe, but only thinks about getting home. Odysseus proves himself of being loyal and devoted to his wife as when he is trapped on the island with the astonishing goddess that he only thinks about getting home.
The archetypes of the Hero and Hero’s Journey are repeated across many works of literature which involve the development and maturation of a previously immature character. In Homer’s The Odyssey, the characterization of Odysseus fits the hero archetype. Like a typical hero, he faces many tests and challenges on his journey, but unlike a typical hero his greatest challenge is not to defeat a monster but to reunite with his wife. He is cunning and a good strategist, making him similar to but also very different from Bilbo Baggins, from J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit.