David Hume: Atheist Philosopher

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David Hume was a skeptic, naturalist, and an atheist philosopher who belonged to a movement founded by John Locke. He strived to apply the sensible procedures for observation to an examination of human nature itself to develop the consequences of Locke 's experimentation. Hume argues that at the base of any system of thought and any science, man is faced with his daily world. This goes beyond the scope of every possible rational project. Man cannot be separated from his experiences, just as there cannot be separate experiences of a thinking ego. Man and his world are mutually solicitous and radically inseparable. The centrifugal and experiential nature of human nature is organized according to Hume on two levels which he calls impressions and…show more content…
When Hume describes the difference between impressions and ideas, he makes it clear that they don’t require any philosophical clarification. Based on his opinion, the difference between them is self- explanatory. According to Hume, we simply feel the difference (Grimwade 11). He suggested that when “the mind be disordered by disease or madness, they never can arrive at such a pitch of vivacity, as to render these perceptions altogether undistinguishable” (Hume 14). He means by this that only a sick person or a mad person can’t tell the difference between an impression and an idea. When it comes to the difference between ideas and impressions, from Hume’s philosophical view, all content of the mind is divided into simple and complex ideas and impressions. According to Hume, “simple ideas are copies of impressions” (Lacewing 2)He argues that all ideas can be considered into simple ideas. He also stated that complex ideas may be “well known by definition, which is nothing but an enumeration of those parts or simple ideas, that compose them” (Hume 59). Although Hume does not claim that “complex ideas must be copies of impressions”, he argues “that all complex ideas are constructed out of simple ideas, which are copies of impressions” (Lacewing 3). If we analyze complex ideas, we can come up with the conlclusion that they are copies of feelings. However, our mind supplies us with complex ideas that do not necessarily correspond to anything we have experienced before (Grimwade…show more content…
When it comes to Hume’s theories, specifically the principles of ideas, we can evaluate them based on their identities. Out of the three associative principles, “causation is the strongest and the only one that takes us beyond our senses” (Morris and Charlotte). Causation establishes a link between the present and the past and this can be compared to the relation between the cause and effect. Hume tries to show the ways we associate ideas, and the reasons why it’s supposed to stay that way. He doesn’t focus on explaining why we do it this way, he automatically assumes that humans understand this concept. However, he cannot prove that his theories of associations are accurate. He tries to explain that this is how our mind works. When it comes to other types of association of ideas, I think of constant conjunction where something repetitive will happen. An example of this could be the law of gravity since most of the times objects fall to the floor by the effect of this law. Another idea could be the necessity of connection. We experience this when an issue happens because the idea doesn’t connect to the impression that we have on our heads, or it doesn’t relate to it. The problem with this idea is ow to know that there is a necessary connection between two events, such as distinguishing the causality of chance. Character essentially, if solely a repetition of impressions. Philosopher addresses the problem and offers it an easy, virtually trivial resolution. Initially and
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