With the excess time, binge watching takes place to pass time. The excess time, if not dealt with properly, results in assignments done in the last minute. Last minute assignments and studying take away time to watch the episodes we want to watch which makes us use streaming
Active learning is a set of strategies that motivates students to learn by their own with the help of Knowledgeable others. The following examples of active learning are being used in this study; discovery learning, problem-based learning, experiential learning, and inquiry-based instruction, think-pair-share, quick-writes, polling, cooperative learning, and student presentations. Another theory for which this study is also anchored is attributed to Frederick Herzberg the Motivation Theory. It is concerned with the processes that describe why and how human behavior is activated and directed. Motivated learners can learn almost everything.
Among the most renowned is, (Kolb, 1984) whom had presented the idea of learning as a cycle, which is constantly changing. He named this cycle, “The Kolb’s cycle of Experiential learning”, (Kolb, 1984). Kolb came up with 4 key components of this cycle, which he believed could be used as a learning style. They are: 1: “Concrete Experience” (Kolb, 1984): This involves doing or having the experience. 2: “Reflective Observation” (Kolb, 1984): This is reviewing or reflecting on the experience.
A further phase of learning is through feedback. A process of learning can change learner’s perception or judgment for something. Experiential learning is widely applied in schools, higher education systems for example in business education, medical universities etc. Kolb transposes four learning styles. An individual’s dominant learning style could be known by Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory (LSI).
This study is anchored on three learning theories: Thorndike’s Connectionism Theory, Bandura and Wallace’s Social Learning Theory and Bruner’s Theory of Learning. Theories and Concepts in Developing the Module Fig. 1. The model shows the theories and concepts in the development of the module in Basic Calculus. The central ring in the model is the developed module in Basic Calculus.
It encompasses other specialized models of adaptation from the scientific method to problem solving, decision making and creativity. Then the fifth proposition is “Learning results from synergetic transactions between the person and the environment”. In Piaget’s terms, learning occurs through equilibration of the dialectic processes of assimilating new experiences into existing concepts and accommodating existing concepts to new experience. Following Lewin’s famous formula that behavior is a function of the person and the environment, ELT holds that learning is influenced by characteristics of the learner and the learning space (Kolb and Kolb, 2013). And the last proposition is “Learning is the process of creating knowledge”.
Kolb & Kolb (2008) defined Experiential learning theory as the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience, Knowledge results from the combination of grasping and transforming experience. According to Kolb’s ELT model, grasping experience portrays two dialectically related modes of grasping such as Concrete Experience (CE) and Abstract Conceptualization (AC). On the other hand transforming experience portrays Reflective Observation (RO) and Active Experimentation (AE). According to the four-stage learning cycle depicted in Figure below, immediate or concrete experiences are the basis for observations and reflections. These reflections are assimilated and distilled into abstract concepts from which new implications
These methods were selected as they were the right and absolute methodologies for analyzing an aspect. It aimed at minimizing the errors in the analysis and proved to be helpful and highly beneficial for collecting relevant data. The unstructured interview methodology rendered with numerous advantages and can be considered as a very useful method of analysing a subject or aspect. Observation and interview methodologies are very efficient techniques in concern to collecting data from an individual. The data collected through observation and interview methodology is quite valid and reliable (Walsh & Wigens 2003).
Application of Cognitive and Motivational Learning Theories and Teaching Strategies. According to Pagliaro (2014) cognitive theories goes beyond observable behavior, by explaining that learning occur as a result of internal mental processes. Therefore, students mental processes are actively involved in the way they process information. In fact, knowledge, memory, thinking, and problem solving are areas associated with development. Piaget (1954) explained that knowledge is viewed as symbolic mental constructs, or schemata.
Discovery learning and inquiry-based learning support the idea that students learn when they make use of personal experiences to discover facts, relationships, and concepts. Discovery learning is an inquiry-based, constructivist learning theory that takes place in problem solving situations where the learner draws on his or her own past experience and existing knowledge to discover facts and relationships and new truths to be learned. Students interact with the world by exploring and manipulating objects, wrestling with questions and controversies, or performing experiments. (https://www.learning-theories.com/discovery-learning-bruner.html) Gestalt Theory of Learning. Gestalt psychologists offered a phenomenological description of problem-solving