There are many different learning theories and many different theorists with beliefs on how we learn. Behaviourism and cognitive theories are just two of the many learning processes and both can be successfully used within the learning process. They both offer reinforcements to obtain required behaviours. Cognitive theory emphases observations that can be used to understand what and how people learn and how they take control of their own behaviour. (Ormrod, 2008) Behaviourism
The learning can range from major growth (e.g. change in personality and habits) or a minor one (e.g. development of a skill). However, Darseni’s theory of learning takes a holistic approach, where learning is cumulative and result in developing an individual who is reflective and self-regulated. We will discuss compare and contrast
Their principle is ''I will try anything once''. Reflectors: Reflectors are the learners which learn best from activities where they are able to stand back, listen and observe. They are more likely into collecting information and to be given an opportunity to think about it before commenting and also like to review what has happened. Reflectors learn less when they are hurried into things with no prospect to plan. Firstly they analyze the situations from all aspects.
2 Describe the three domains of learning and their application (25) In learning there is the ability to acquire mental skills, develop different attitudes and perform new physical activities .A domain is A domain is a unique field of thought, activity, or interest, especially one over which someone has control, influence, or rights. Domains can be categorized as cognitive (knowledge), psychomotor (skills) and affective (attitude) and each has different levels from simplest to highest. They help teachers to plan and choose learning experiences and are interlinked depending on each other. They help avoid concentration in one area to the exclusion of others. The cognitive domain involves the development of our mental skills and the acquisition
Learning Styles are personal qualities of an individual which helps to learn more effectively in an environment suitable to learning style. Various learner style models are available that can be used to identify the learner style. Visual and Verbal are the important learning style when it is related to web based learning environment in which contents are presented in written text, images, graphs, audio, animations, video etc. format. Most of the eLearning Systems tries to tackle all the learning styles.
Individual Differences . The preferred learning styles guide the way a person learn. There are three main types of learning styles which are auditory, visual and kinesthetic. Employees with a visual learning style learn best by looking at pictures, diagrams, demonstrations or reading. It is easier for them to look at chart and graph and they may have difficulty to keep focus while listening to an explanation.
Grouping can have far-reaching effects on students learning and thus careful decisions should be made. More than just, flexibility should be allowed in ability grouping so that the need of different students could be catered. For example, it is suggested that the high-achieving and low-achieving homogeneous groups can interact occasionally so that students are able to learn from each other and acquire non-academic skills. In this way, a more positive image of ability grouping and education can be created in
Other theories which underpins authentic assessment is Experiential Learning Theory by David Kolb and Situated Learning Theory which was theorized by Lave and Wenger. Experiential learning occurs by making sense of direct everyday experiences. Concrete experiences provide the information that serves as a basis for reflection. On the other hand, Situated Learning Theory is learning in the same contexts in which concepts and theories are applied. Research has shown that real-life applied activities and problem-solving activities establish a contextual setting for many lessons, providing motivation and encouraging curiosity.
A learner is comprised of countless diverse skills and abilities. Each learner is unique and has his/ her own distinct way of understanding new material. My personality consists of an intrapersonal, interpersonal, visual learner, who is social, security-oriented, and an introverted, intuitive, feeling, judging human. All these results create who I am as a person and who I am as a learner. Learning Styles Inventories According to my Find Your Strengths (N.D) inventory, my personality is categorized as mainly intrapersonal and interpersonal.
1) Introduce yourself as a learner. My learning style is more visual and auditory. I retain information from hearing and seeing. I seem to understand the topics and assignments better when I see examples of the material. Diagrams, flow charts, power points and videos are some examples of visual images that work well for me.