David Koolb's Theory Of Learning Theory

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Introduction Learning theories are the core guidance on planning the educational system. With the knowledge of the general principles,educators can manipulate their knowledge more efficiently to meet with diversity in learning circumstances. Theory by general definition is a the establishment and an explanation of the way brain acquiring knowledge. It is a sequence of a hypothesis that corresponding to each other which should be able to outline, clarify, predict or have control of the scenario. Learning theories defined as a description of learning and the approach towards the way a person obtain, assemble and use their skills and knowledge. Educational psychology is build up from range theories and views about the learning process and the…show more content…
Kolb in 1984 presented his learning theory which is experiential learning approach. The transformation of experience create a knowledge and that is the process of learning as Kolb believe. It is a cycle of that consist of four stages combining experience, perception, cognition and behavior. The stages are concrete experience, reflective observation, abstract conceptualization and active experimentation. One can start at any stage, but must follow the sequences. The first stage, a concrete experience is where learner actively participates in the activity to gain experience. Reflective observation is when the learner can reflect the experience which he gained through the activity. The third stage is abstract conceptualization. At this stage, the learner will use their cognitive ability to form a theory or analyzing what they were observing and put a conclusion. The fourth stage, active experimentation is where the learner will plan to utilize the theory that they have made and put it into the next scenario of experience. From this cycle of experiential learning, Kolb developed 4 learning styles. Kolb assumes that people learn differently and influenced by various factors. The four learning style is based on Kolb’s two continuum which is east- west named the Processing Continuum and the north-south axis named the Perception Continuum. It helps the learner to understand more and learn better. The learning styles are assimilator, convergers, accommodators and divergers.…show more content…
It is developed due to the critics of previous learning theory. Maslow in the year 1968 stated that humanistic approach is the third force in psychology after behaviorism and psychoanalysis. The humanistic approach basically stands on the belief that all human are good, have free will and unique, which have the innate drive to make them better. Humanist always focus on the present situation rather than resembling old memories or predicting the future. Humanistic theory is base on the real live situation and a learner should fully responsible for his act whether it is good or bad. The objective is always for the improvement of oneself and self-actualization to meet with the personal growth and perception. Humanistic theory towards learning is the importance of emotion and feelings, the right to make own decision and to be creative in the learning environment. Emphasizing the role of the individual is the major strength of humanistic approach. It also combining the environmental effect towards learning rather than only focusing on internal desires and idea. But still there are criticisms, such as the approach are too broad and hard to measure. The assumption of free will also defiance to the deterministic laws of

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